Navigation Links
If the Shoe Fits...or Does It?
Date:2/25/2009

Study finds many children at risk for foot deformity due to wrong size shoes

LAS VEGAS, Feb. 25 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Many young children are wearing shoes that are too small, according to a new study presented today at the 2009 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (http://www.aaos.org/) (AAOS). As a result, these children may be at high risk for developing serious foot deformities.

The study, which took place in Switzerland, included nearly 250 boys and girls from age 5 to age 10. Researchers measured the children's feet as well as their indoor and outdoor footwear to determine whether the children were wearing properly sized shoes (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00143). They also compared the footwear measurements to the sizes given on the manufacturers' labels to see if the shoes were marked properly. Finally, they measured the angles of the children's toes to learn whether any of the subjects were developing a foot deformity called hallux valgus (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00140).

Hallux valgus is a condition that occurs when the big toe begins to angle sideways, toward the second toe, causing a bump on the side of the foot just below the big toe. This bump is called a bunion, and can become swollen and painful. Shoes that are too tight are believed to be one of the leading causes of this condition.

The study found that most of the children tested were wearing the wrong size shoes:

  • Outdoor shoes:
    • 52.8 percent were too small for the child wearing them
    • 13.3 percent were too big
  • Indoor shoes/slippers:
    • 61.6 percent were too small
    • 10.2 percent were too big
  • When compared to the size marked on the shoe:
    • 90.2 percent of outdoor shoes were smaller than the stated size
    • 97.6 percent of indoor shoes/slippers were smaller than the stated size

"The most striking finding in our study was that more than 90 percent of both outdoor and indoor shoes/slippers worn by the children were too small," says Norman Espinosa, M.D., an orthopaedic surgeon at the University of Zurich Balgrist in Switzerland. "Interestingly, the shoe sizes given by the manufacturers almost never matched with the true sizes measured by our group."

Additionally, Espinosa notes, the prevalence of hallux valgus amongst the children in the study was higher than previously reported in the literature. Hallux valgus angles are considered normal when equal to or less than 15 degrees; the results showed that 3.3 percent of the children's feet had an angle of more than 15 degrees, while 26.1 percent had an angle of 10 degrees to 15 degrees.

To prevent these problems, Dr. Espinosa says that parents should measure their children's feet every time they purchase new footwear, and that they should consider the actual size of the shoe rather than just the number marked on the inside of the shoe or the box. Also, parents should check for shoe fit every month or so, especially during times of a growth spurt. Many children will often outgrow their shoes well before the shoes are worn out.

"We truly did not expect such a large percentage of incorrectly declared shoe sizes," he says. "We now know that we should focus on parental education to help prevent early onset of juvenile foot deformity."

Disclosure: Dr. Espinosa and his co-authors received no compensation for this study.

Poster presentation information (http://www3.aaos.org/education/anmeet/anmt2009/poster/poster.cfm?Pevent=P218)

About AAOS

http://www6.aaos.org/news/Pemr/releases/release_boiler.cfm?category=40&releasenum=735

American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS)

http://www.aofas.org/

    CONTACT: Catherine Dolf
    C (847) 894-9112 or
    O (847) 384-4034
    dolf@aaos.org

    Lauren L. Pearson
    C (224) 374-8610 or
    O (847) 384-4031
    lpearson@aaos.org



'/>"/>
SOURCE American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... raised over $100,000 for its innovative EcoQube Frame vertical micro-veggies garden on ... instant demand for the product – with nearly 2,000 consumers (and counting) already ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Viewers who like to educate themselves ... facts, cultural practices, goods, services, and societal issues tend to appreciate and love the ... popular practice of utilizing running events for causes around the world. , ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “End Time GPS”: a dauntless and enlightened study of ... GPS” is the creation of published author, Wesley Gerboth, a World War II veteran, ... space-vehicle projects. Now, at age ninety-one, he shares the Wisdom God bestowed upon him ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... A recent report from the ... teacher preparation programs. The NCTQ report suggests, based on a review of GPA and ... improve teacher quality in the U.S. It argues that this higher bar should be ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... The IoT (Internet of Things) is revolutionizing ... a huge impact on businesses and individual consumers alike. Laboratories can maximize their ... a value anywhere from $4 trillion to $11 trillion dollars by the year 2025. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar 24, 2017 Research ... Therapy Manufacturing Market, 2017-2027" report to their offering. ... The Cell ... the rapidly growing market of cell therapy manufacturing and focuses ... manufacturing facilities. These therapies are anticipated to emerge as viable ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 2017 Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Devices Market was valued at $1,844 ... a CAGR of 5.1% from 2016 to 2022. The endovascular stent graft system segment ... during the study period. Continue Reading ... ... ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... India , March 24, 2017 According to a ... Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022," the spine bone stimulators market was valued ... 2022, growing at a CAGR of 3.6% during the forecast period. ... ... Allied Market Research Logo ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: