Navigation Links
If the Shoe Fits...or Does It?
Date:2/25/2009

Study finds many children at risk for foot deformity due to wrong size shoes

LAS VEGAS, Feb. 25 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Many young children are wearing shoes that are too small, according to a new study presented today at the 2009 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (http://www.aaos.org/) (AAOS). As a result, these children may be at high risk for developing serious foot deformities.

The study, which took place in Switzerland, included nearly 250 boys and girls from age 5 to age 10. Researchers measured the children's feet as well as their indoor and outdoor footwear to determine whether the children were wearing properly sized shoes (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00143). They also compared the footwear measurements to the sizes given on the manufacturers' labels to see if the shoes were marked properly. Finally, they measured the angles of the children's toes to learn whether any of the subjects were developing a foot deformity called hallux valgus (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00140).

Hallux valgus is a condition that occurs when the big toe begins to angle sideways, toward the second toe, causing a bump on the side of the foot just below the big toe. This bump is called a bunion, and can become swollen and painful. Shoes that are too tight are believed to be one of the leading causes of this condition.

The study found that most of the children tested were wearing the wrong size shoes:

  • Outdoor shoes:
    • 52.8 percent were too small for the child wearing them
    • 13.3 percent were too big
  • Indoor shoes/slippers:
    • 61.6 percent were too small
    • 10.2 percent were too big
  • When compared to the size marked on the shoe:
    • 90.2 percent of outdoor shoes were smaller than the stated size
    • 97.6 percent of indoor shoes/slippers were smaller than the stated size

"The most striking finding in our study was that more than 90 percent of both outdoor and indoor shoes/slippers worn by the children were too small," says Norman Espinosa, M.D., an orthopaedic surgeon at the University of Zurich Balgrist in Switzerland. "Interestingly, the shoe sizes given by the manufacturers almost never matched with the true sizes measured by our group."

Additionally, Espinosa notes, the prevalence of hallux valgus amongst the children in the study was higher than previously reported in the literature. Hallux valgus angles are considered normal when equal to or less than 15 degrees; the results showed that 3.3 percent of the children's feet had an angle of more than 15 degrees, while 26.1 percent had an angle of 10 degrees to 15 degrees.

To prevent these problems, Dr. Espinosa says that parents should measure their children's feet every time they purchase new footwear, and that they should consider the actual size of the shoe rather than just the number marked on the inside of the shoe or the box. Also, parents should check for shoe fit every month or so, especially during times of a growth spurt. Many children will often outgrow their shoes well before the shoes are worn out.

"We truly did not expect such a large percentage of incorrectly declared shoe sizes," he says. "We now know that we should focus on parental education to help prevent early onset of juvenile foot deformity."

Disclosure: Dr. Espinosa and his co-authors received no compensation for this study.

Poster presentation information (http://www3.aaos.org/education/anmeet/anmt2009/poster/poster.cfm?Pevent=P218)

About AAOS

http://www6.aaos.org/news/Pemr/releases/release_boiler.cfm?category=40&releasenum=735

American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS)

http://www.aofas.org/

    CONTACT: Catherine Dolf
    C (847) 894-9112 or
    O (847) 384-4034
    dolf@aaos.org

    Lauren L. Pearson
    C (224) 374-8610 or
    O (847) 384-4031
    lpearson@aaos.org



'/>"/>
SOURCE American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... locations throughout Arkansas that offers insurance and financial preparation services, is providing an ... Rock City Rescue organization. , Rock City Rescue is a locally recognized nonprofit ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The International Association of Eating Disorders Professionals ... the field of eating disorders, announces the opening of early registration for the ... at the Omni Resort at ChampionsGate. , The annual iaedp™ Symposium ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Shelton, CT (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... and long-term care services, staged a mock evacuation of the facility as part of ... Department, Shelton Fire Department, Echo Hose EMS and Shelton City Emergency Manager, as well ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual Kids ... Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon Letko, ... run is geared towards children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed event, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of a missionary couple ... From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of published author, Carole ... and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which she has taught ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/27/2017)... CAESAREA, Israel and NEW YORK , Sept. ... company with mobile health and big data solutions, today announced that its ... today. Please check your local TV listings for when The Dr. Oz ... ... ninth season this month. ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... , Sept. 25, 2017  EpiVax, Inc., ... vaccine design, and immune-engineering today announced the launch ... the development of personalized therapeutic cancer vaccines. EpiVax ... provided exclusive access to enabling technologies to the ... MBA will lead EpiVax Oncology as Chief Executive ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... 22, 2017  As the latest Obamacare repeal effort ... Cassidy (R-LA) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) ... medical device industry is in an odd place.  The ... 2.3% excise tax on medical device sales passed along ... covered patients, increased visits and hospital customers with the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: