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IU analysis changing diagnosis and management of initial UTIs in young children
Date:8/30/2011

INDIANAPOLIS Analysis by Indiana University School of Medicine researchers of ten years of scientific studies has resulted in changes in American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for how initial urinary tract infection in infants and toddlers is diagnosed and treated. This change will affect thousands of children every year.

The findings of the IU School of Medicine investigators argue against exposing all young children who are diagnosed with an initial urinary tract infection (UTI) to a painful radiologic test and against prescribing prophylactic antibiotic treatment that may extend for years -- the diagnosis and management tools indicated in the American Academy of Pediatrics' current guideline, established in 1999. The new study was conducted at the request of the AAP.

As a result of these findings, the AAP has updated its practice guideline on the diagnosis and management of initial UTIs in children aged two to 24 months. The report and the new AAP guideline appear in the September issue of the journal Pediatrics.

UTIs are one of the most common bacterial infections in babies and toddlers. Five percent of children in this age group with fever and no other obvious fever source have UTI. Diagnosis and management are clinically challenging because the patients are unable to express their symptoms. Repeated UTIs can lead to kidney scarring and life-long decreased kidney function.

In the 1999 guideline a radiologic test called a voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) was recommended for young children after a first UTI. This was done to identify children with urine refluxing back up to the kidney. When identified, most of these children were started on prophylactic antibiotics in an attempt to prevent repeated episodes of UTI. But when the IU researchers reviewed studies done in the decade following the old 1999 guidelines, they found no benefit to long-term prophylactic antibiotics. Given that antibiotics do not work, the
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Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-274-7722
Indiana University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert  

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