Navigation Links
I smoke, but I'm not a smoker
Date:2/11/2014

While smoking among California adults has dramatically declined in recent decades, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report there is a surprisingly large number of people who say they use cigarettes, but don't consider themselves to be "smokers."

Writing in the February 5 online issue of Tobacco Control, Wael K. Al-Delaimy, MD, PhD, professor and chief of the Division of Global Health in the UC San Diego Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, and colleagues estimate that, in 2011, almost 396,000 Californians (12.3 percent of the state's population of smokers) smoked on a measurable basis, but rejected the characterization of "smoker."

Almost 22 percent of these smokers consumed tobacco on a daily basis.

Al-Delaimy said the phenomenon has both individual and social ramifications. For individuals, the behavior puts them at many of the same health risks as identified smokers. "There is no safe level of smoking," he said.

More broadly, non-identification of "non-identifying smokers" or NIS may be negatively impacting efforts to reduce tobacco consumption by overlooking a significant segment of the affected population, the researchers said. This is especially true at the clinical setting where physicians might ask patients if they smoke and patient fail to identify themselves as smokers.

In their cross-sectional analysis of the 2011 California Longitudinal Smokers Survey, Al-Delaimy and colleagues defined NIS as persons who had smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime, reported smoking at least one day in the past 30 days or who said they smoked at least "some days." In all cases, when asked if they considered themselves to be a smoker, the respondents replied "No."

The researchers believe NIS can generally be divided into two groups with distinct rationalizations for asserting their non-smoker status: According to previous studies, the first group consists of young adults who primarily smoke (and drink) socially and who believe they are not addicted to nicotine. And, for the first time, NIS includes a second group of adults over the age of 45 who were formerly regular smokers and had most likely failed repeated attempts to completely quit. These people, said Al-Delaimy, might seek to avoid the label of "smoker."

"The younger NIS are typically college students who smoke as a means of social facilitation and who believe they can quit at any time," he said. "Older NIS are likely the result of stigmatization produced by comprehensive tobacco control programs. They've become marginalized parts of society who see little advantage in identifying themselves as smokers or providing accurate reports of their smoking behavior."

Often, the study authors noted, NIS belong to specific ethnic minority groups, notably black and Asian.

Al-Delaimy said the findings that NIS exist in numbers much greater than previous estimates suggests future surveys should be re-designed to better account for how smokers perceive themselves so that subsequent interventions, media campaigns and public health policies can be refined to more effectively reach smokers who don't think they're smokers.

"There is a risk for such smokers to continue to smoke and be adversely impacted by the tobacco they smoke, yet they do not seek any assistance nor do they plan to quit because they falsely believe they are not smokers," Al-Delaimy said. "This more complex issue of identity and self-perception of smokers in today's social environment will require further studies and understanding."


'/>"/>

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Through The Use Of Twitter, EverSmoke, A Popular Electronic Cigarettes Company, Is Encouraging Fans to Finish the Hashtag #iPlanToBe With What They Plan to Be
2. Popular kids in US and Mexico more likely to smoke, USC studies show
3. Pennsylvania Company Releases an Advanced Air Purification System that Eliminates Smoke, Pollen and Odor with Chemistry
4. Obese Workers Health Care Costs Top Those of Smokers
5. Half of Young Cigarette Smokers Also Smoke Pot: Survey
6. Exercise helps smokers to quit smoking, to remain smoke-free and to reduce the risk of death
7. Joint-Replacement Failure Rate Higher for Smokers: Studies
8. Hot Flashes More Likely for Certain Smokers, Study Says
9. Use of Smokers Lungs for Transplant Has Pros, Cons
10. Genes Might Help Some Smokers Kick the Habit
11. Graphic warning labels improve smokers recall of warning and health risks related to smoking
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Park Cities Pet Sitter President, Joette White, has been featured ... network. The episode, which was posted this week, features a 30-minute interview of ... Park Cities Pet Sitter’s being awarded the 2017 National Association of Professional Pet Sitter’s ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Smiles by Seese is a comprehensive ... NC. Dr. Brian Seese leads the practice as a skilled and highly credentialed dentist ... Smiles by Seese serves patients of all ages with excellence in general, restorative, and ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... tools that allow for the electronic prescribing of controlled and non-controlled substances plus ... Ninety percent of pharmacies in the United States now accept electronic prescriptions, according ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... Rancho Palos Verdes, CA (PRWEB) , ... February ... ... well-being, and emotional flow is Dr. Carol Francis' goals for each ... Federation Retreat Conference, Dr. Carol Francis will demonstrate five different brainwave tools which ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Access today announced that it ... Fla., February 19-23. Visitors to the company’s booth (#1778) will be the first ... signatures solution in healthcare . , Since it first introduced Electronic Signature ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/17/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Pharmaceutical Contract ... ... for the US, Canada , Japan ... Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period ... markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... LOUIS , Feb. 17, 2017   FormFast ... has announced a new partnership with Engage , ... the United States . FormFast will serve as ... of Engage,s implementations with MEDITECH .  ... provides essential functionality to complement and enhance the electronic ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... YORK , Feb. 17, 2017  Noble Capital ... on ESSA Pharma Inc. (Nasdaq: EPIX ). ... Research, Kumar Raja , PhD. ESSA ... for castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Its lead compound ... blocks the amino-terminal domain of the androgen receptor, thereby ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: