Navigation Links
Hurricane Katrina's effects on children: Resilience and gender
Date:7/14/2010

Rebuilding schools after Hurricane Katrina and providing supportive environments and relationships have helped many children reduce their levels of overall trauma from the hurricane that devastated the Gulf Coast in August 2005, according to a new study. A second study found that girls had distinct stress reactions from boys in the aftermath of the storm.

The studies appear in a special section on children and disaster in the July/August 2010 issue of the journal Child Development.

In a longitudinal study of recovery patterns of children affected by Katrina, researchers at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center and the St. Bernard Parish Public Schools looked at 400 mostly White elementary- and high-school-aged children (from ages 9 to 18) between 2005 and 2008. The children lived in a New Orleans school district that was heavily damaged by the hurricane.

When the researchers looked at the children two and three years after Katrina hit, they found that overall trauma symptoms (such as feeling depressed, sad, nervous, and having trouble concentrating and sleeping) had decreased. Furthermore, 45 percent of the children were found to be resistant to stress and lacked long-term psychological problems. The children's strengths, the researchers found, were largely the result of rebuilt schools (St. Bernard Parish reopened within 2-1/2 months of the hurricane) and supportive relationships (including the classmates students interacted with when they returned to school).

But this work in progress also found that more than a quarter of the children continued to have significant trauma symptoms of post-traumatic stress and depression three years later. Children who reported these symptoms were more likely to be younger, female, have seen a mental health professional, and also report family or school problems. They also reported being exposed to more traumas.

A second study on children affected by Katrina, conducted by researchers at the University of Missouri and The Pennsylvania State University, looked at the issue from the perspective of gender. Experiencing distress is a normal part of life, yet males and females have been found to show different patterns of stress reactions in laboratory studies.

In this study, researchers looked at more than 60 teens (ages 12 to 19) who had been displaced by Katrina and were living in a government relocation camp with their families two months after the hurricane. Most of the participants were African American teens from low-income families that had lived in New Orleans. The researchers measured psychological functioning (such as depression and aggression) and two hormone markers of stress regulation (salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase), then compared these with more than 50 adolescents who were demographically similar but lived in a part of the United States that wasn't affected by Katrina.

Male and female teens who experienced the hurricane showed distinct patterns of behavioral stress as well as gender differences in how they regulated physiological stress, the study found. Specifically, compared to the children who weren't exposed to Katrina, girls who survived the hurricane were more depressed and boys showed lower levels of aggression and higher levels of confidence. Heightened stress hormonal reactions were likewise associated with depression in girls and confidence in boys.

In suggesting that males and females develop specialized systems for processing and responding to stress, the study adds to our understanding of normative stress regulation following trauma.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sarah Hutcheon
shutcheon@srcd.org
202-289-7905
Society for Research in Child Development
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Global Security Associates and Global Emergency Management Prepare for the 2010 Hurricane Season
2. Young children especially vulnerable to effects of 9/11
3. New Pill Found to Cut Weight With Few Side Effects: Study
4. Experimental obesity drug avoids brain effects that troubled predecessors
5. New study confirms positive effects of delayed school start times
6. Drug mitigates toxic effects of radiation in mice
7. Second-line CML drug evokes faster response, fewer side effects, pivotal study finds
8. Prostate Cancer Vaccine Shows Few Side Effects
9. Acupunctures molecular effects pinned down
10. Some bisphosphonates users unfamiliar with drugs possible side effects on oral health
11. Some statins have unintended effects and warrant closer monitoring, study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... Arizona (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... Delete® ... Just in Time For The Holiday Party Season. Save Up To 33% Off Botox® ... Laser Salon is providing the Phoenix Valley with Delightful Deals on Botox® ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , ... December 07, 2016 , ... "ProBrand Flip allows ... all media," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProBrand Flip ... to use drop zones. Editors can select from a variety of flip book animations. ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... “The Road To Restoration”: an ... not a one hour a week showing of hands. “The Road To Restoration” is ... “Perhaps you are familiar with the brass ring that you could reach out for, ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , ... (PRWEB) December 07, 2016 , ... ... nonprofit for individuals impacted by cerebral cavernous angiomas, was awarded a grant from ... a patient engagement program. New Mexico has more people with cavernous angioma than ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Warwick, New York (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... computer professor at Yale had described him as 'a genius.'" Thus begins "Margaret in ... R. L. Rhyse and published by Wyston Books, Inc. These novels narrate ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)... 6, 2016 Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia ... Summary Global Markets Direct,s latest Pharmaceutical ... Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) – Pipeline Review, H2 2016, ... Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) (Metabolic Disorders) pipeline landscape. ... which is caused due to mutation from ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Dec. 6, 2016 Human Vaccines Market: ... region wise and country wise analysis of the ... manufacturers of human vaccines products, raw material suppliers, ... enter the market. The report provides qualitative ... market. Qualitative analysis comprises market dynamics, trends, product ...
(Date:12/6/2016)...  Nearly 30 million people in the ... diabetes. 1 However, nearly 40% of diabetes patients ... and significant glucose variability. 2 These patients are at ... If left untreated, hyperglycemia can lead to cardiovascular disease, ... 3 As part of Diabetes Awareness ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: