Navigation Links
Humans have more distinctive hearing than animals, Hebrew U study shows
Date:4/1/2008

Jerusalem, April 1, 2008 Do humans hear better than animals? It is known that various species of land and water-based living creatures are capable of hearing some lower and higher frequencies than humans are capable of detecting. However, scientists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and elsewhere have now for the first time demonstrated how the reactions of single neurons give humans the capability of detecting fine differences in frequencies better than animals.

They did this by utilizing a technique for recording the activity of single neurons in the auditory cortex while subjects were exposed to sound stimuli. The auditory cortex has a central role in the perception of sounds by the brain.

Current knowledge on the auditory cortex was largely based on earlier studies that traced neural activity in animals while they were exposed to sounds. And while such studies have supplied invaluable information regarding sound processing in the auditory system, they could not shed light on the human auditory systems own distinctive attributes.

Experimental study of neural activity in the human auditory cortex has been limited until now to non-invasive techniques that gave only a crude picture of how the brain responds to sounds. But recently, investigators from the Hebrew University, the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center and the Weizmann Institute of Science were successful in recording activity of single neurons in the auditory cortex while the subjects were presented with auditory stimuli. They did this by utilizing an opportunity provided during an innovative and complicated clinical procedure, which traces abnormal neural activity in order to improve the success of surgical treatment of intractable epilepsy,

The researchers included Prof. Israel Nelken of the Department of Neurobiology at the Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Prof. Itzhak Fried from UCLA and Tel Aviv Medical Center, and Prof. Rafi Malach of the Weizmann Institute of Science, together with their students Roy Mukamel and Yael Bitterman. Their work was described in an article appearing in the journal Nature.

In tests measuring response to artificial sounds, the researchers found that neurons in the human auditory cortex responded to specific frequencies with unexpected precision. Frequency differences as small as a quarter of a tone (in western music, the smallest interval is half a tone) could be reliably detected from individual responses of single neurons.

Such resolution exceeds that typically found in the auditory cortex of other mammalian species (besides, perhaps, bats, which make unique use of their auditory system), serving as a possible correlate of the finding that the human auditory system can discriminate between frequencies better than animals. The result suggests that the neural representation of frequency in the human brain has unique features.

Interestingly, when the patients in the study were presented with real-world sounds including dialogues, music (from "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly" soundtrack) and background noise the neurons exhibited complex activity patterns which could not be explained based solely on the frequency selectivity of the same neurons. This phenomenon has been shown in animal studies but never before in humans.

Thus, it can be seen that in contrast to the artificial sounds, behaviorally relevant sounds such as speech and music engage additional, context-dependant processing mechanisms in the human auditory cortex.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jerry Barach
jerryb@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82904
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Dogs and Cats Need Omega-3 Fatty Acids Just as Humans Do - Nordic Naturals Offers Premium Fish Oil to Supplement Pets Diet!
2. U of Minn researchers discover genetic cancer link between humans and dogs
3. DNA Findings Reveal Genetic History of Humans
4. Connection between health of wetlands and humans in focus
5. Globetrotting black rat genes reveal spread of humans and diseases
6. Can hantavirus infection spread among humans?
7. Auditory neurons in humans far more sensitive to fine sound frequencies than most mammals
8. Terriers Join Fight Against a Killer Disease in Humans
9. Songbirds offer clues to highly practiced motor skills in humans
10. Blind humans lacking rods and cones retain normal responses to non-visual effects of light
11. Menopause May Be Unique to Humans
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Humans have more distinctive hearing than animals, Hebrew U study shows
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... , ... The results from the American Cancer Society’s newest report ... cancer patients: incidents of cancer is down as is the likelihood of prostate cancer ... has dropped from its peak of 215.1 in 1991 to 161.2 in 2014 (per ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A yellow fever outbreak in Brazil has infected over 100 ... primarily spread through contact with infected mosquitos. The outbreak has sparked increased concern about ... , According to multiple health organizations, the best way to prevent yellow fever is ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 24, 2017 , ... “Spiritual ... improve the connection with God. “Spiritual Vitamins: A Spiritual Energy Booster” is the ... Christian Faith Publishing, Mathai Yohannan’s new book engages the mind and spirit in ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... CLICKco ... and espresso drink, announced its CLICK® Coffee Protein Drink is now available for ... Drink Mix has become popular among health-conscious consumers who love coffee but are ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... Dallas, Texas (PRWEB) , ... January 23, 2017 ... ... expanding its presence in Texas with the acquisitions of two personal care service ... (PAS), in Texas City, Texas, effective January 1, 2017. , Well regarded in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/24/2017)... , Jan. 23, 2017 Optoelectronic components ... control light. The interaction of these components with ... a wide range of applications. These components are ... defense, telecommunications, and healthcare among others. ... to its low power consumption, reliability, scalability, and ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... Jan. 23, 2017 Laboratory Markets Limited has ... of mass spectrometry in both clinical and research laboratory ... global market size of $6.8 billion and growing to ... years, profiles the use of mass spectrometry across more ... This study investigated growth in the use of mass ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... -- The global peripheral I.V. catheter market accounted for ... to grow at a CAGR of 6.0% during 2016-2022. ... share in the global market between the two types ... hospital segment accounted for the highest share in the ... I.V. catheter market is witnessing high growth rate, due ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: