Navigation Links
Humanitarian assistance often lacks needs assessment

The first academic thesis in Sweden on international health assistance in disaster zones is to be presented at the medical university Karolinska Institutet. In his thesis, Dr Johan von Schreeb shows that international assistance is often sent to disaster areas without any prior needs assessment having been made of the affected population.

Dr von Schreeb has carried out needs assessments in a number of disaster situations. He examined the need for international medical assistance after the terrorist action in a school in Beslan, Russia, in 2004, and the low-intensity conflict in the Palestinian territories in 2002. He also studied the use of Foreign Field Hospitals in the natural (sudden impact) disaster zones of Bam (Iran) in 2003, Haiti and Aceh (Indonesia) in 2004 and Pakistan (Kashmir) 2005). What he discovered was a lack of understanding of peoples needs subsequent to the disaster and that international assistance takes inadequate account of existing resources. International field hospitals specialising in life-saving trauma care were dispatched to four areas of natural disaster. Not one arrived within the 48 hours in which lives could still be saved.

If appropriate assistance is to be provided, organisers need access to information about the disaster, the affected area, the size of the population, the socio-economic situation and the available local and regional resources. International donors of humanitarian assistance have jointly decided to distribute the money on the basis of local needs. There are well-described methods of making needs assessments, but the results are too rarely used. One of Dr von Schreebs sub-studies examined the extent to which Sida took account of needs assessments in its decisions to fund humanitarian health projects in 2003. Only one third of these decisions contained information about the size of the population to be helped or other factors reflecting their health needs.

My interpretation of this is that its difficult to provide funding on the basis of needs, says Dr von Schreeb. Other procedures are needed for having needs govern funding decisions.

During his time as medical coordinator for Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors without Borders) in Kashmir, Dr von Schreeb was able to test a new rapid method of gathering needs assessment data in a disaster area. After the 2005 earthquake in Kashmir, he interviewed people at health facilities. His interviewees were geographically representative of the studied population, and the early estimated death and injury toll compared well with the results of a later study in which everyone living in the area was interviewed.

The interviews gave a good, immediate idea of what people needed in this case to have their houses repaired before the winter, says Dr von Schreeb.


Contact: Katarina Sternudd
Karolinska Institutet

Related medicine news :

1. State of Patient Care and Humanitarian Aid Amid the California Wild Fires
2. Dr. Yu Yamaguchi named recipient of the Humanitarian Scientific Achievement Award
3. USAID Provides Additional Wildfire Assistance to Greece
4. PA Department of Public Welfare Begins Outreach to Medical Assistance Consumers Following Burglary at State Office Building
5. HHS Provides Over $131 Million In Energy Assistance
6. Free Prescription Drug Program Uses Internet to Deliver Cards - Offers Assistance to Uninsured
7. AstraZeneca Launches New Program to Support Facilities that Connect People to Needed Medical Care and Prescription Assistance
8. Altarum Wins $7 Million Contract to Provide Technical Assistance to the Access to Recovery Program
9. Schwab Institutional Introduces Healthcare and Benefits Assistance for Independent Advisor Firms
10. Help for California Fire Evacuees Possible Through Partnership for Prescription Assistance
11. A Place for Mom Offers Free Assistance to California Seniors Displaced by Wildfires
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... ... 6:00 a.m. EST until 11:59 p.m. EST, customers will be racing the ... orders $80 or more to free gifts with purchases, there will be a new sale ... website for skin care and cosmetic needs, customers will save on already discounted prices. , ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... According to an article published November 13th ... in Washington D.C. revolved around the fact that proper dental care, both at-home and ... the link between periodontal disease (more commonly referred to as gum disease) and diabetes. ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... The ... in America. As people age, more care is needed, especially with Alzheimer’s, dementia ... medical professionals are being overworked. The forgotten part of this equation: 80 percent ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... filthy the toilets were," said an inventor from Hillside, N.J. "Many people catch ... seat cover so that individuals will always be protected from germs." , He ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... ProSidebar: Fashion is a set of 30 kinetic edge ... video editors can easily add an informative sidebar to any FCPX production. Create ... featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, and text with the ease of FCPX's drag ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the European Cell Surface Marker ... Emerging Opportunities"  report to their offering.  ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015  Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ) today announced ... the United States (U.S.) Food ... candidate to Humira ® (adalimumab). Amgen believes this ... the FDA and represents Amgen,s first BLA submission using ... , M.D., executive vice president of Research and Development ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 AAIPharma Services ... investment of at least $15.8  Million to expand ... Wilmington, NC . The expansion will provide ... meet the growing demands of the pharmaceutical and ... site expansion will provide up to 40,000 square ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: