Navigation Links
Human sperm created from embryonic stem cells
Date:7/7/2009

Human sperm have been created using embryonic stem cells for the first time in a scientific development which will lead researchers to a better understanding of the causes of infertility.

Researchers led by Professor Karim Nayernia at Newcastle University and the NorthEast England Stem Cell Institute (NESCI) have developed a new technique which has made the creation of human sperm possible in the laboratory.

The work is published today (8th July 2009) in the academic journal Stem Cells and Development.

The NorthEast England Stem Cell Institute (NESCI) is a collaboration between Newcastle and Durham Universities, Newcastle NHS Foundation Trust and other partners.

Professor Nayernia says: "This is an important development as it will allow researchers to study in detail how sperm forms and lead to a better understanding of infertility in men why it happens and what is causing it. This understanding could help us develop new ways to help couples suffering infertility so they can have a child which is genetically their own."

"It will also allow scientists to study how cells involved in reproduction are affected by toxins, for example, why young boys with leukaemia who undergo chemotherapy can become infertile for life and possibly lead us to a solution."

The team also believe that studying the process of forming sperm could lead to a better understanding of how genetic diseases are passed on.

In the technique developed at Newcastle, stem cells with XY chromosomes (male) were developed into germline stem cells which were then prompted to complete meiosis - cell division with halving of the chromosome set. These were shown to produce fully mature, sperm called scientifically, In Vitro Derived sperm (IVD sperm).

In contrast, stem cells with XX chromosomes (female) were prompted to form early stage sperm, spermatagonia, but did not progress further. This demonstrates to researchers that the genes on a Y chromosome are essential for meiosis and for sperm maturation.

IVD sperm

The IVD sperm will not and cannot be used for fertility treatment. As well as being prohibited by UK law, the research team say fertilization of human eggs and implantation of embryos would hold no scientific merit for them as they want to study the process as a model for research.

"While we can understand that some people may have concerns, this does not mean that humans can be produced 'in a dish' and we have no intention of doing this. This work is a way of investigating why some people are infertile and the reasons behind it. If we have a better understanding of what's going on it could lead to new ways of treating infertility," adds Professor Nayernia.

Technique

The Newcastle University team have developed a method for establishing early stage sperm from human embryonic stem cells in the laboratory.

The embryonic stem cells were cultured in a new medium containing vitamin A derivative (retinoic acid), in a new technique established by the team. Based on this technique, the cells differentiated into germline stem cells.

These expressed a protein which was stained with a green fluorescent marker and they were separated out by FACSTM (Fluorescence-activated cell sorting) using a laser.

After further differentiation, these in vitro derived germline stem cells expressed markers which are specific to primordial germ cells, spermatogonial stem cells, meiotic (spermatocytes) and post meiotic germ cells (spermatids and sperm).

These results indicated maturation of the primordial germ cells to haploid male gametes called IVD sperm - characterised by containing half a chromosome set (23 chromosomes).


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Bidewell
press.office@ncl.ac.uk
01-912-227-850
Newcastle University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Embryonic Stem Cells Repair Human Heart
2. Embryonic Human Stem Cells May Help Repair Heart Muscle, Lab Study Shows
3. Human Papilloma Virus vaccines may decrease chances of oral cancer
4. Investigational Agent Targeting Metabotropic Glutamate 2/3 Receptors Demonstrates Antipsychotic Activity in Humans, Study in Nature Medicine Finds
5. MassMutual Promotes Debra Palermino to Senior Vice President of Human Resources
6. Toddler Study Proves Humans Outsmart Apes
7. Human C-reactive protein regulates myeloma tumor cell growth and survival
8. Altered expression of ultraconserved noncoding RNAs linked to human leukemias and carcinomas
9. AtriCure Reports First Human Implant of the Cosgrove-Gillinov Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion System
10. New class of RNA molecules may be important in human cancer
11. The Humana Foundation and Libraries for the Future Launch Health Literacy Pilot in Atlanta
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2017)... SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH (PRWEB) , ... April ... ... Josée Côté as Account Manager for the North East region. Côté has 20+ ... operations and consulting. Prior to Phytomer, Côté worked with an array of high-end ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Rob Lowe is a ... he has leant his presence to an educational purpose as the host of the ... one being cancer. In a recent episode, the series focuses on thyroid cancer. , ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... The Incentive Research Foundation ... A Nudge Guide," a groundbreaking analysis of how behavioral economics can be applied ... immediately to IRR programs, the report highlights proven behavioral economics approaches and the ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... Neb. (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... was named the 2017 North American CAREGiverSM of the Year for her extraordinary ... selects one of its 60,000 North American professional caregivers for the prestigious award ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Are you investing in the safety of your ... drownings during the summer. While most of us assume this type of accident will ... Very few people are taking the time to learn how to respond effectively or ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/24/2017)... , April 24, 2017 Solentim, the ... announced the addition of a major new product ... Plate Seeding,). The VIPS has been developed for ... well microplates as part of the process to ... a simple and more reliable solution when compared ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... today announced that it will be participating in the ... the InterContinental Hotel in Boston, Massachusetts ... present at 11:20 a.m. Eastern Time. A ... Zimmer Biomet,s Investor Relations website at http://investor.zimmerbiomet.com .  ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017  CVS Pharmacy, the retail ... a new store design to enhance the retail ... food, health-focused products and expanded beauty selections paired ... customers discover new offerings. Together with its innovative ... of the customer experience at CVS Pharmacy.  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: