Navigation Links
Human milk fat improves growth in premature infants
Date:8/14/2014

HOUSTON (August 15, 2014) For premature infants, adequate growth while in the neonatal intensive care unit is an indicator of better long-term health and developmental outcomes. Researchers at the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital have now successfully incorporated a cream supplement into premature infants' diets that improved their growth outcomes in the NICU. The report appears today in the Journal of Pediatrics.

"For premature babies who weigh less than 1,000 grams (about 2 pounds, 2 ounces), one of the problems is that their lungs and other organs are still developing when they are born. If the infant gains weight and increases in length at a good rate while in the NICU, this helps improve their outcomes," said Dr. Amy Hair, assistant professor of pediatrics at Baylor, neonatologist at Texas Children's Hospital and first author of the study.

Previous research has shown that an exclusive human milk diet protects the intestines of premature infants and supports their growth. This diet consists of mothers' own breast milk or donor human milk, as well as a fortifier consisting of protein and minerals made from the donor milk.

In this study, researchers sought a way to optimize this growth in very small infants (those who weigh between 750 and 1,250 grams) who need additional calories. Because infants are already receiving enough protein from the fortifier, another way to help them grow is by giving them fat. One of the byproducts of pasteurizing donor milk is milk fat, also referred to as a cream supplement.

In this study, researchers compared the growth outcomes of infants who received the exclusive human milk diet and the cream supplement to infants who received just the exclusive human milk diet. They found that infants in the cream group had better growth outcomes in terms of weight and length than infants in the control group.

"This is a natural way to give them fat. Previously, we would add oils or infant formula to help premature babies grow, but we can now use a natural source from donor milk," said Hair.

Hair noted that because the growth was both in weight and length, this growth is likely lean mass, consisting of bone and muscle growth.

"You want to see babies growing in both weight and length," said Hair.

She also noted that the volume of milk given to these infants cannot change to help them grow because their stomach and intestine can only tolerate a certain amount of feedings.

"You cannot give them more volumes of milk. Especially if they have lung problems, they have to have a certain volume of milk. This is a way to add calories but not change the volume of milk," she said.

Since November 2013, the NICU at Texas Children's Hospital has changed its protocol to add this cream supplement to the diet of infants who weigh less than 1,500 grams.

"This also emphasizes the importance of donating excess breast milk that your baby doesn't need to a milk bank. It can help nourish our tiniest and most vulnerable infants," said Hair.

Texas Children's was the first hospital in the world to add human milk-based cream to the diets of very low birth weight infants.

In addition to adding cream to the diets of premature infants, since 2009, Texas Children's has significantly reduced its rates of necrotizing enterocolitis, one of the most devastating and potentially fatal diseases a neonate can face, by implementing a human milk feeding protocol for all infants weighing less than 3.3 pounds.

"Texas Children's strives to be a leader in human milk feeding, because we know it impacts outcomes," said Hair.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dipali Pathak
pathak@bcm.edu
713-798-4710
Baylor College of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New drug prevents spread of human prostate cancer cells
2. Scientists solving the mystery of human consciousness
3. First targeted nanomedicine to enter human clinical studies
4. Edith Mitchell, M.D., FACP, named 2012 recipient of ASCO Humanitarian Award
5. Novel compound demonstrates anti-leukemic effect in zebrafish, shows promise for human treatment
6. 2 genetic deletions in human genome linked to the development of aggressive prostate cancer
7. IBN discovers human neural stem cells with tumor targeting ability
8. RANK protein promotes the initiation, progression and metastasis of human breast cancer
9. CNIO researchers describe new functions of cohesin relevant for human disease
10. New Clues to the Evolution of the Human Brain
11. Humanist funerals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/27/2017)... , ... March 27, 2017 , ... ... quickly sideline athletes. A type of groin injury, it occurs when the muscles ... serious, intense pain in and around the lower torso, as well as accompanying ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Advantexe Learning Solutions , a global ... new research study, The Business Readiness Report. The report explores the correlation between ... actual success of achieving individual and company goals. , There are many ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... , ... March 27, 2017 , ... ... that for a second year in a row; they are the recipient of ... in the industry voted on the award at Design Connections 2017. Top A&D ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... San Mateo, CA (PRWEB) , ... March 27, 2017 , ... Janet Schloz is still ... one of the best days I’ve had in a long time,” she said. , She ... a lot of money that I never thought I would have to help my students.” ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Anaheim Hills office accelerates and supports FNCC’s growth and ... new sales professionals over the past 6 months and is continuing to recruit new ... the course of 2017. , “This new office is a direct result of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... N.J. , March 27, 2017 Invivotek, ... and leading in vivo pharmacology contract research ... Farm adjacent to its newly expanded preclinical research facility ... solar farm provides a cleaner, renewable energy source to ... the environment. Completion of the Genesis Solar Farm follows ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... PUNE, India , March 24, 2017 Abdominal Aortic ... reach $2,614 million by 2022, Globally, registering a CAGR of 5.1% from 2016 to ... and is projected to dominate the market during the study period. ... ... ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 New England Pediatric Device Consortium ... award including funding and in-kind service towards the commercialization ... "Making blood draws less traumatic for children ... hospital experience better.  We,re looking forward to working with ... improve care for the kids we treat," said ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: