Navigation Links
How to enhance non-thermal effects of ultrasound
Date:12/29/2008

In recent years HIFU has been widely used for the treatment of solid tumors, such as liver tumor, bone tumor, and breast cancer. The mechanism for therapeutic actions of HIFU includes thermal effects and non-thermal effects with the latter dominated by cavitational effects. Adjusting acoustic parameters of pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (PHIFU) can control thermal effects and non-thermal effects; short duty cycle and high intensity favors the occurrence of cavitation. Ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) can enhance cavitational effects. Lesions caused by non-thermal effects have characteristic pathological changes quite different from those of thermal lesions.

A research article to be published on November 21, 2008 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology addresses this question. The research group led by Professor Zhi-Biao Wang from Department of Biomedical Engineering of Chongqing Medical University used PHIFU with short duty cycle and high intensity combined with UCA to damage rabbit liver VX2 tumour by non-thermal effect, and the non-thermal damage was evaluated by histopathology.

Liver VX2 tumor model were established in 20 rabbits, which were then divided randomly into PHIFU combined with UCA group (PHIFU+UCA group) and sham group, with 10 rabbits in each group. In the PHIFU+UCA group, 0.2 mL of SonoVue was injected intravenously, followed by rapid injection of 1 mL normal saline. Fifteen seconds after the injection, the tumours were exposed to HIFU with ISP 5900W/cm2 for 90 seconds. Rabbits were sacrificed one day after HIFU exposure. Specimens of the exposed tumor tissues were obtained and observed pathologically under light microscope and transmission electron microscope. The remaining exposed tumor tissues were sent for TTC staining. Before TTC staining, tumor tissues in both the sham and the PHIFU+UCA group resembled gray fish meat; after TTC staining, the tumour tissues were uniformly stained red, with a clear boundary between tumor tissue and normal tissue. For PHIFU + UCA group, light microscopy displayed abundant vacuoles of various sizes in the cytoplasm and in some cells, chromatin margination and karyopyknosis were present. Electron microscopic examination revealed presence of karyopyknosis and chromatin margination in some cells, intercellular space widening, the presence of high electron-density apoptotic bodies and many vacuoles of various sizes in the cytoplasm.

This study found that PHIFU combination with UCA can enhance non-thermal effects of ultrasound, and the pathological characteristics of the non-thermal damage is different from those of thermal damage. Immunohistochemical detection found that PHIFU combined with UCA can promote tumor cell apoptosis and inhibit tumor cell proliferation, which will be reported in another article.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lin Tian
wjg@wjgnet.com
86-105-908-0039
World Journal of Gastroenterology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. KV Pharmaceutical Launches Enhanced Formulation of PrimaCare ONE(R)
2. Independence Blue Cross Extends Funding to Enhance Patient Safety at Area Hospitals
3. John Hancock LTC Enhances Producer Website
4. Health Plan One Launches Enhanced Web Site for Medicare Plans
5. Dont Cut! Why Men & Women Can Postpone Face Lifts With Non-Invasive Beauty Enhancement. Dr. Jeffrey Kronson, M.D., is a Surgeon on a Mission to Limit the Knife and Save Money!
6. Bio-Imaging Technologies Partners with AG Mednet to Offer Complete Imaging Solution for Clinical Trials : --Partnership Increases Trial Efficiency and Enhances Data Quality--
7. BD Receives FDA Approval for the BD FocalPoint(TM) GS Imaging System to Enhance the Detection of Cervical Cancer
8. Novel bioreactor enhances interleukin-12 production in genetically-modified tobacco plants
9. Health Level Seven and The Health Story Project Announce Publication of Diagnostic Imaging Report Guide at Annual RSNA Meeting : HL7 Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) Implementation Guide Enhances Radiology Reporting
10. FDA Touts Efforts to Enhance Food Safety
11. Mentice VIST(TM) New and Enhanced Carotid and Coronary Training Modules Take Medical Simulation Training to the Next Level
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/19/2017)... ... August 19, 2017 , ... Physician Partners of America Pain ... an interventional pain management physician. He brings a wealth of pain management experience ... and significant experience in spinal cord stimulation for chronic pain. , Dr. Ahmed ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... LLC (“Quick”), a highly specialized asset-light logistics provider of complex transport solutions ... definitive agreement to purchase Unitrans International Corporation, a division of Roadrunner Transportation ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... ... The Dawn Johnson Insurance Group, a Missouri-based insurance and financial planning firm ... for efforts to educate the local population on cancer realities while attracting donations to ... , Each day in America, roughly 4,600 new cases of cancer are diagnosed and ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... Saint John, IN (PRWEB) , ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... services to communities in northwest Indiana, is campaigning in support of Campagna Academy in ... Formerly referred to as the “Hoosier Boys’ Town of Indiana,” Campagna Academy is a ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, ... on false teachings pertaining to the mother of the Savior whom the world calls “Mother ... different picture of the role of this historical woman. , “The world bows, kisses ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/11/2017)... CAESAREA, Israel , Aug. 11, 2017 ... company with mobile health and big data solutions, today ... results on Monday, August 14 and host a conference ... second quarter 2017 operating and financial results and its ... call will be hosted by Erez Raphael , ...
(Date:8/7/2017)... Insightin Health, provider of data-driven decision-making ... announced the selection of Michael Wood ... as of February 2017. In this role, Wood will ... our clients. Wood brings with him more than ... analytics within the healthcare industry. Wood formerly served ...
(Date:8/7/2017)... Aug. 7, 2017  Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ... to resolve virtually all known U.S. mesh product liability ... resolve the known remaining U.S. claims at reasonable values. ... in the fourth quarter of 2017 and continuing through ... second quarter 2017 results, the Company intends to increase ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: