Navigation Links
How multiple childhood maltreatments lead to greater adolescent binge drinking
Date:3/3/2009

(Boston)-- Researchers from Boston University found that multiple types of child maltreatment are robust risk factors for underage binge drinking based on a national multi-year study that explored the influence of social environment on the health of adolescents.

The research, which appears in the current issue of Addictive Behaviors, explored how binge drinking consuming five or more alcoholic drinks on a single occasion at least once every two weeks occurs more frequently when there are multiple categories of maltreatments. Researchers examined the relationship of binge drinking with the co-occurrence of specific maltreatments. These included neglect, physical abuse only, sexual abuse, neglect and physical abuse and the combination of neglect, physical and sexual abuse.

Adolescents, those between the ages of 12 and 21, with a sexual abuse history had more than two-fold greater odds of reporting binge drinking than those with no maltreatment. Teenagers who had experienced both neglect and physical abuse had 1.3 times higher odds of reporting binge drinking than those with no maltreatment while adolescents that experienced all three types of maltreatment were about 1.8 times more likely to report binge drinking. The study accounted for age, gender, race/ethnicity and parental alcoholism which were strongly associated with adolescent binge drinking.

The authors noted that while other studies have reported that child maltreatment increases an individual's risk for alcohol abuse, only a few studies have examined the effect of childhood maltreatment on adolescent binge drinking. This association is important for understanding the common pattern of alcohol consumption among adolescents with child abuse and neglect.

"Research examining the effect of childhood maltreatment on later alcohol abuse needs to recognize the clustering effects of multiple types of childhood maltreatment on alcohol problems," the study noted.

The findings were based on the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health which included a nationally representative sample of 12,748 adolescents who underwent a series of three interviews about their social environment between 1995 and 2002. The maltreatment questions were asked in the third interview using a computer-assisted self-interviewing method. Parental alcoholism, education and income were based on parental respondents, not adolescent participants.

"We now have strong evidence indicating that adverse childhood experiences such as child maltreatment increases an individual's risk for alcohol problems in adolescence," said Sunny Hyucksun Shin, Assistant Professor of Human Behavior in the Social Environment at Boston University's School of Social Work. "The new challenges we face in substance use research is to identify developmental mechanisms that link childhood maltreatment to heavy episodic drinking in adolescence that can be targeted in the future development of prevention intervention."

Adolescent binge drinking, the authors note, is a major public health problem, accounting for nearly one-fifth (18.8%) of the 10.8 million underage drinkers aged 12 to 20, according to 2005 data in the National Survey on Drug Abuse Health. The problems are greater in males (21.3%) than females (16.1%).

The prevalence of underage drinking has been linked to a host of immediate and long-term adverse outcomes, most notably obesity and high blood pressure, headaches, and concentration difficulties that leads to trouble learning and remembering. In addition to poor academic achievement, binge drinking has led to unprotected sexual activity, unsafe driving practices and motor vehicle accidents.

"Researchers examining the relationship between childhood maltreatments and risky alcohol use in adolescence should simultaneously consider all types of childhood maltreatment to address the totality of the child's experience," the authors concluded.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ronald Rosenberg
ronrosen@bu.edu
617-358-1240
Boston University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. DNA vaccine against multiple sclerosis appears safe, potentially beneficial
2. New MRI finding sheds light on multiple sclerosis disease progressio
3. Genomic Health Announces Multiple Studies on Oncotype DX(TM) Presented at 2007 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Breast Cancer Symposium
4. Emory researchers identify signaling protein for multiple myeloma
5. Study suggests brain tumors need treatment with multiple targeted drugs
6. Gene profiling can single out the worst cases of multiple myeloma and guide therapy
7. Cell-surface sugar defects may trigger nerve damage in multiple sclerosis patients
8. Multiple corticosteroid injections in pregnant women may increase cerebral palsy
9. Multiple Sclerosis Patients Find Dietary Treatment More Effective Than Pharmaceutical Regimens
10. IVF technique enables pregnancy without multiple births, Stanford researchers find
11. Ingenious Med Forms Multiple Billing Company Partnerships to Market Inpatient Practice Management Solutions
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Steven Tonkinson, 36, of Coconut Grove, Florida, ran the ... started in 2003. This year, he ran all 26.2 miles with a green 25-pound ... the Miami Heat. , This Sunday, while many are watching the Superbowl, Steven Tonkinson ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... The event is being held on April ... in Minneapolis, Minn. Triumph Over Parkinson’s will fund nearly $100,000 for research for the ... lives with Parkinson’s disease and is the architect of this informative event to raise ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... After years as an active staff surgeon and having ... surgeon Dr. Wayne Carman transitioned to chief of the Division of Plastic Surgery at ... term as chief and began a second three-year term in January of 2016. , ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Regular gym users know ... having to wait longer to access the treadmills. It’s a predictable trend. After the ... lose weight and get in shape by joining gyms, starting new walking or running ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... ... Dr. Justin Scott and Dr. Lydia Muccioli of Pure Dental Health ... in need. The event is scheduled to take place on February 27, 2016 from ... dental care to community members in need. Each patient will be given the opportunity ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  ivWatch, a medical devices company, is ... Award granted by Governor Terry McAuliffe,s office. ivWatch ... February 25th at an event to be held at the ... award honors professionals and business that have made significant contributions ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160205/330117LOGO ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  Patients in Alabama ... ultrasound (HIFU) therapy no longer have to travel out of ... partnership with Urology Centers of Alabama to provide ... procedure for qualifying patients. Alabama ... the treatment of prostate cancer using many different modalities. They ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016 ... of the "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: ... profile to their offering. --> ... of the "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: ... profile to their offering. --> ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: