Navigation Links
Household smoke increases severity of bronchiolitis in babies

A study by the University of Liverpool has found that babies admitted to hospital with bronchiolitis from a household where a parent smokes are twice as likely to need oxygen therapy and five times as likely to need mechanical ventilation as babies whose parents do not smoke.

The study assessed infants from Liverpool who were admitted to Alder Hey Children's hospital with a diagnosis of bronchiolitis. The city has many areas of high deprivation and high rates of cigarette smoking. The study found that infants admitted to hospital from smoking households were more seriously affected by bronchiolitis than infants who came from non-smoking households, regardless of their socio-economic status.

Dr Calum Semple, from the Institute of Child Health, said: "Tobacco smoke exposure is a preventable factor that both causes and increases the severity of disease in infants and their consequent use of health resources. This study provides the first robust evidence that the adverse health effects of smoking can be distinguished from the health effects of social deprivation."

Bronchiolitis is a severe chest infection that affects infants and is the most common cause of admission to hospital in the first year of life in developed countries. Over winter around 25 in every 1,000 babies are admitted to hospital with bronchiolitis needing oxygen and help with feeding and of these, 10% need the support of a ventilator.

Tobacco smoke is the most common and important indoor environmental pollutant to which young children are exposed. The relationship between household tobacco smoke and risk of developing bronchiolitis in infants is well recognized, as is the relationship between deprivation and smoking. However, to date, it has been difficult to describe the independent contributions of tobacco smoke exposure and deprivation (socioeconomic status) upon severity of bronchiolitis.

The paper is published in PLoS ONE.


Contact: Sarah Stamper
University of Liverpool

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Supply of hospice services strongly associated with local areas median household income
2. Household Spray Cleaners Pose Greatest Danger to Toddlers
3. Preventive behaviors limited household transmission of H1N1 influenza during initial outbreak
4. Household Dirt Wont Raise Asthma Risk in Infants
5. Secondhand Smoke Linked to Hearing Loss in Teens
6. Cigarette Tax Unlikely to Deter Some Smokers: Report
7. Smokers not very receptive to shocking images
8. ADHD, Learning Issues May Be Linked to Secondhand Smoke
9. Men Who Smoke at Lower Risk of Joint Replacement: Study
10. Male smokers less likely to need joint replacement surgery of hip or knee
11. Lung tumors in never-smokers show greater genomic instability than those in smokers
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/13/2015)... Houston, TEXAS (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 ... ... firm and solution provider of IBM software products, introduced a new company, RightSensor™ ... sensor systems and data communications capability. RightSensor™ provides a fully-managed approach for ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... unique private messaging application, announced today a significant contract that will provide its ... Independence plans to build on the growing success of its Relay program, IBX ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... India (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... e-con ... camera solutions, today announced See3CAM_CU40, the industry’s first RGB-IR pixel format camera ... See3CAM_CU40, a new member of e-con’s See3CAM family of UVC USB 3.0 cameras, is ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... Nashville, Tenn. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... life, and that’s why SmileCareClub , the leading remote invisible aligner system, has ... children who would otherwise go without it. For each aligner treatment plan purchased, SmileCareClub ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... ... Protein is essential to good health. You need it to make the ... protein does the average man need in order to stay healthy? , The ... of Harvard Men's Health Watch . Most Americans get about 15% of their ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)... , October 13, 2015 ... World Thrombosis Day Interactive Infographic   --> ... World Thrombosis Day  to promote vital global awareness ... and symptoms. Thrombosis is the formation of potentially ... - resulting in venous thromboembolism (VTE) - or the ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... Given the intricacy of the anatomy and physiology of ... drug effectively to a specific ocular site. Several barriers have ... include dilution of a drug by tears, clearance of a ... issues with respect to the cornea, sclera and choroid. Approximately ... due to the aforementioned barriers. --> Given ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... 12, 2015  The Pharmacy Compounding Accreditation Board ... Pharmacy in Costa Mesa , ... the pharmacy,s commitment to meeting and/or exceeding national ... --> --> ... --> --> Harbor Compounding ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: