Not tracking heart failure outcomes after discharge leads to readmissions, study finds
TUESDAY, May 4 (HealthDay News) -- A quick follow-up visit by a medical professional to a heart failure patient discharged from the hospital reduces the chance that the patient will wind up back in the hospital, but that preventive measure is more often ignored than observed, a new study finds.
The study of more than 30,000 hospital patients covered by Medicare found that fewer than 40 percent of those with heart failure saw a health-care provider within seven days of discharge, according to a report in the May 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The readmission rate was 15 percent lower for those who did have such a visit, the study found.
A high rate of readmission is a problem for all patients, said study author Dr. Adrian F. Hernandez, an assistant professor of medicine at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. The Duke Clinical Research Institute group he led chose to look at heart failure -- loss of the ability to pump blood -- because it is "a large part of the problem." People with heart failure generally are older and have other health problems, such as diabetes and arthritis.
Medicare data published in 2009 showed that heart failure is the leading diagnosis for hospital readmission.
Money is a major factor in the readmission issue. "There is currently no direct incentive" for a hospital to report the rate of readmissions, Hernandez said, but the newly enacted health care law calls for a reduction in Medicare payments to hospitals with high readmission rates for heart failure patients, starting in October 2012.
The new study provides support for that measure, Hernandez said.
One question is whether the responsibility for follow-up visits after discharge lies with the hospital or the physician, said Dr. Robert O. Bonow, chief of the divisi
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