Navigation Links
Hospital admissions dropped after anti-smoking legislation in place
Date:4/12/2010

Since the implementation of anti-smoking legislation, hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory conditions have decreased 39% and 33% respectively, found a research article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) (pre-embargo link only) http://www.cmaj.ca/embargo/cmaj091130.pdf.

Previous studies have focused on the impact of public smoking restrictions on cardiovascular outcomes and, in particular, on heart attacks. Few, if any, studies have examined hospital admissions for respiratory conditions in association with the implementation of smoke-free legislation.

Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the world. Second-hand smoke is the third leading cause of preventable poor health and premature death in the developed world.

This 10-year population-based study was conducted to determine the effect of anti-smoking legislation in Toronto, Canada on admissions to hospital for cardiovascular conditions, specifically heart attacks, angina and stroke, and respiratory conditions asthma, emphysema, and pneumonia or bronchitis.

"Research delineating the impact of smoke-free legislation on cardiovascular and respiratory outcomes could have an immense impact on public health, given that an estimated one billion people are expected to die during the 21st century as a result of tobacco-related disease," write Dr. Alisa Naiman, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, University of Toronto and coauthors.

The largest decline in hospital admissions occurred after the 2001 ban of smoking in restaurants. This included a 17% decrease in the crude rate of admission for heart attacks, a 33% decrease in rates of admission for respiratory conditions and a 39% decrease because of cardiovascular conditions.

The authors conclude that their findings "are consistent with the evidence that exposure to second-hand smoke is detrimental to health and legitimizes legislative efforts to further reduce exposure." They suggest further research to determine in what types of settings smoking bans are most effective.

In a related commentary, Prof. Alan Maryon-Davis of Kings College London, United Kingdom, writes that anti-smoking legislation raises the wider issue of how far government should go in using enforcement to help achieve better health. Potential benefits have to be weighed against issues such as infringement of personal liberty and the effect on jobs and livelihoods. Using other examples from tobacco and alcohol control, he argues that comprehensive evidence-based cost-benefit analyses should be undertaken to inform intelligent and unbiased debate.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
kim.barnhardt@cmaj.ca
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Nicotine Withdrawal Can Complicate Hospital Care
2. Primary care physicians nationwide face clinical ethical conflicts with religious hospitals
3. Hospitalists key to success of health care reform
4. Thomson Reuters Names QHR Management Client to 100 Top Hospitals List - Wooster Community Hospital Honored for Third Consecutive Year
5. Henry Ford Hospital atudy: Hepatitis C infection doubles risk for kidney cancer
6. Eight-Year-Old Creates Mini-Documentary on St. Louis Children's Hospital Life
7. Prescription Drug Abuse Sending More to Hospitals
8. Health Reform For Doctors And Hospitals: Obama Made An Offer We Can't Refuse! - ERISAclaim.com Celebrates its Successful Webinars on Reimbursement Laws
9. Childrens Hospital Bostons Pain Treatment Service is named Clinical Center of Excellence
10. Community Hospital Group Contract Expires With Major Health Plan Insurer
11. CT and MRI scans associated with shorter hospital stays and decreased costs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2017)... Houston, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2017 , ... Antoine Dental Center ... the gold standard in tooth replacement and act as a support for prosthetic teeth, such ... fuses with the existing bone and becomes a sturdy, lasting new root for the tooth. ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... ... June 26, 2017 , ... ... recent review of government data released by the United Soybean Board. , ... Maryland’s soybean farmers have increased their productivity on less land per bushel, the ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... ... June 26, 2017 , ... ... and consumers are seeing lots of red these days. According to recent estimates, ... that result from medical coding errors(1). Some studies point to Electronic Health Records ...
(Date:6/25/2017)... ... June 25, 2017 , ... FCPX LUT Vintage Volume 2 for ... look. FCPX LUT Vintage Volume 2 contains 60 different color-grade presets, giving editors multiple ... vignettes and blurs to single out subjects, plus much more. FCPX LUT Vintage Volume ...
(Date:6/25/2017)... , ... June 25, 2017 , ... An increase in ... growing foliage and plants, and along with that; a humdinger of an allergy season. ... it also means an increase in misery-causing grass and weed pollen. , “Our ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/14/2017)... 14, 2017  In 2016, Embodied Labs ... pitch competition and came away with $25,000 in seed-fund ... by Forbes as "entering the life of another" and ... teaching "empathy to medical professionals in an entirely new ... named a finalist for the Department of Education,s EdSimChallenge, ...
(Date:6/10/2017)... , June 9, 2017  Shane K. Burchfield, DPM, is recognized ... excellence as a Podiatrist in Alabama . ... Family First Foot Care. He brings over 20 years of experience, ... management and healthcare, to his role. ... Care, PC is pleased to welcome you to his ...
(Date:6/8/2017)... Responding to Heath Ledger,s father,s recent call for ... Chris Cornell in May, the mental health watchdog group, ... psychiatric drug side effects search engine ... risks. The father of the late actor ... has called for tighter rules on prescription drugs. Speaking at ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: