Navigation Links
Hookah Smoking as Tough on Lungs as Cigarettes
Date:1/3/2008

Study finds one-hour session produces as much carbon monoxide as a pack of smokes

THURSDAY, Jan. 3 (HealthDay News) -- A leisurely hour of puffs from a hookah -- a kind of tobacco water pipe that's popular among college students -- packs the same carbon monoxide punch as a pack-a-day cigarette habit, a new report claims.

The research only looks at a single toxic gas, making it impossible to directly compare hookah use to the well-known hazards of cigarette smoking. Still, the findings suggest that hookah fans should think twice before lighting that pipe, said study co-author S. Katharine Hammond, chairwoman of the division of environmental health sciences at the University of California, Berkeley.

"This is not the risk-free activity they think it is," Hammond said. "This really isn't safe."

Hookahs, which are similar to the bongs used to smoke marijuana, have grown in popularity in recent years. In college towns and elsewhere, hookah bars have appeared that allow people to smoke the water pipes -- which are legal since tobacco is used -- in a public and social setting.

Users inhale tobacco smoke after it bubbles through water, a process that some people think filters toxins from the tobacco.

One survey suggested that 28 percent of freshmen at a private university had tried hookahs, Hammond said, adding that Chicago alone has dozens of hookah bars.

"This is a worldwide phenomenon," she said. "It's very popular on U.S. college campuses, but most professors are unaware of it."

The new study is the latest research to suggest that hookahs are far from healthy.

Hammond and a student recruited 27 students who smoked water pipes for an hour on three different evenings in April 2006. Another five students didn't smoke the hookahs but stayed in the room with those who did.

The participants abstained from water pipe smoking for 84 hours before taking part in the study; the bowls of their water pipes were filled with water and 10 grams of Al Fakher mu'assal tobacco, then heated with charcoal.

Researchers monitored carbon monoxide in the breath of the participants both before and after the experiment using a machine designed to detect if people are smokers.

The findings were published in a letter in the Jan. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The exhaled carbon monoxide in participants was an average of 42 parts per million, higher than that reported in cigarette smokers (17 parts per million). The study also found that carbon monoxide levels grew in the room where the subjects smoked hookahs and might reach environmentally unhealthy levels, as determined by the federal government, during longer sessions.

Hammond said she can't directly compare hookah use to the smoking of cigarettes, which house thousands of toxic chemicals. And, she said, it's hard to know exactly what hookah use will mean in terms of higher risk of lung or heart disease.

Hookahs "may not give you lung cancer but may compromise your health in other ways," she said.

Thomas Eissenberg, an associate professor of psychology at Virginia Commonwealth University who studies hookah use, said research has suggested that smoking a water pipe for 45 minutes produces 36 times more tar than smoking a cigarette for five minutes. Tar -- or "nicotine-free, dry particulate matter" -- contains the cancer-causing constituents of the smoke, although it's not clear if water pipe tar is different from cigarette tar, he said.

"Occasional water pipe tobacco smoking may carry its own health risks, and it may also be dangerous, because it can lead to daily water pipe use, regular cigarette smoking, or both," he said.

More information

To learn more about the dangers of smoking, and for tips on quitting, go to the American Lung Association.



SOURCES: S. Katharine Hammond, Ph.D., chairwoman, division of environmental health sciences, University of California, Berkeley; Thomas Eissenberg, Ph.D., associate professor, psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond; Jan. 2, 2008, Journal of the American Medical Association


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking rate among New York City teens was lowest on record in 2007
2. Parents Smoking Boosts Childs Allergy Risk
3. Heart attack risk from smoking due to genetics
4. Domestic violence identified as stressor associated with smoking
5. New Report: Tobacco Regulation Would Save Iowa $449 Million in Health Care Costs by Preventing 25,700 Kids from Smoking
6. Statement by the American Legacy Foundation(R) on Youth Smoking Rates
7. Blue Cross Stop Smoking Phone Coaching Enrollments Jumped in October
8. Participation in organized high school activities lowers risk of smoking 3 years after graduation
9. Research Shows What Works to Cut Smoking Rates
10. HealthCentral.coms New Stop Smoking Site Provides Expert Advice, Supportive Community to Help Smokers Quit
11. Studies review smoking among college freshmen and tobacco use by adolescents with ADHD
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Hookah Smoking as Tough on Lungs as Cigarettes
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... Houston dentist , ... office, Antoine Dental Center. Currently, patients can get single dental implants for $3,599 ... patients can learn more about these offers by contacting Antoine Dental Center. Both ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... ... An in-depth computational analysis of genetic variants implicated in both schizophrenia and rheumatoid ... explain why susceptibility to one of the disorders could place individuals at lower risk ... journal npj Schizophrenia. , “There is a wealth of genomic data on both ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... In the Health Care IT campaign, Robert Herjavec ... it’s not if you will be attacked, but when.” However, he and many others ... health care. , Improvements in auditing and monitoring have taken security in health care ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... The narrative in “ Signal 8: ... ’s true account of his paramedic experiences. Schanssema describes the tragedies he saw, as ... attempts to overcome them. , Schanssema, initially unsure of the career path he wanted ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, ... focuses on Bible Prophecy concerning this present generation. Yisrayl makes an astounding statement ... current generation. He explains that the Bible details the current times so plainly ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017 ITL Limited, ( ASX: ITD ), ... for the half year ended 31 December 2016 compared with the ... presentation can be viewed here . Highlights ... $1.04m; up 104%) Earnings per share of 2.2 ... of $17.5m (Dec 2015: $15.7m; up 11%) Profit ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... Strategies - 2016" report to their offering. ... The latest research Oesophageal Cancer ... and benchmarks in the global Oesophageal Cancer market. The ... are the key drugs marketed for Oesophageal Cancer and their clinical ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Obese people are ... for varicose veins in their body. The rising number ... the adoption of endovenous laser therapy for treatment of ... laser therapy market, published by Future Market Insights, ... and consequences of obesity have collectively factored the growth ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: