Navigation Links
Highly interactive training helps workers in dangerous jobs avoid deadly mistakes
Date:1/26/2011

WASHINGTON Hands-on safety training for workers in highly hazardous jobs is most effective at improving safe work behavior, according to psychologists who analyzed close to 40 years of research. However, less engaging training can be just as effective in preparing workers to avoid accidents when jobs are less dangerous.

More interactive types of safety training may help employees become more aware of the threats they face on the job and avoid making deadly mistakes, according to the findings in the January issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology, which is published by the American Psychological Association.

Researchers analyzed results from 113 safety training studies conducted since the passage of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration Act in 1971. The analysis included a total sample of 24,694 workers in 16 countries. The researchers used the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System to sort hazards into hierarchical categories that reflected the increasing potential for severe illness, injury or death. The hazards ranged from simple falls to fires, explosions and physical assaults.

At jobs where the likelihood of death or injury was highest, the findings showed that more engaging training (e.g., behavioral modeling, simulation and hands-on training) was considerably more effective than less engaging training (such as lectures, films, reading materials and videos) for both learning about and demonstrating safety on the job. Less engaging training was just as effective in regard to improving these outcomes when the risk for death or injury was low.

"The primary psychological mechanism we can offer as an explanation for these results is something called the 'dread factor,'" said the study's lead author, Michael Burke, PhD, of Tulane University. "In a more interactive training environment, the trainees are faced more acutely with the possible dangers of their job and they are, in turn, more motivated to learn about such dangers and how to avoid them."

For example, when hazardous events and exposures are extreme (e.g., fires, explosions, exposure to toxic chemicals or radiation), the action, dialogue and considerable reflection that takes place in more interactive training would be expected to create a sense of dread and realization of the dangers of the job.

This analysis offers practical implications for employers who may be hesitant to invest in the more expensive interactive training programs.

"Distance learning and electronic learning may appear to be more cost effective. But our findings point to the value of investing in more hands-on training to help prevent the enormous financial and human costs associated with disasters like the Upper Big Branch mine explosion," said Burke. "Our findings also show that the less expensive, and less interactive, training may be a good fit for workers who are not facing particularly hazardous situations on the job."


'/>"/>

Contact: Audrey Hamilton
ahamilton@apa.org
202-336-5706
American Psychological Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Highly targeted radiation technique minimizes side effects of prostate cancer treatment
2. Help wanted: Highly cited researchers needed for high-ranking positions at research institutions
3. Lead poisoning highly prevalent among school-aged children in Uganda
4. New weapon against highly resistant microbes within grasp
5. Whole body MRI is highly accurate in the early detection of breast cancer metastases
6. Swedes think highly of the government -- but not of the royal family
7. Life Coach and Author Thomas Finn's Highly Anticipated Book, 'A Better Tomorrow- Affirmations and Visualizations the Keys to Success,' Debuts June 15
8. 15 years after ACL knee reconstruction, 84 percent of male patients still highly active, study says
9. FDA Appoints Highly Qualified Scientific Experts to Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee
10. Interactive Video Games Linked to Injuries
11. Interactive media improved patients’ understanding of cancer surgery by more than a third
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... After enjoying record-breaking ... registration today for its 33rd Annual Issues & Research Conference, March 2-3, ... theme of the conference is “Persistent Challenges and New Opportunities: Using Research to ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Mirixa Corporation , a ... other pharmacist-delivered patient care services, has announced the promotions of Karen Litsinger to ... president of sales. , Litsinger joined Mirixa in 2008 after serving as ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Premier Fitness Camp (PFC) and The ... ultimate weight loss and wellness program, at their world headquarters of Omni La Costa ... and long-term results to anyone seeking weight loss, personal development, a healthy lifestyle, or ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... STATEN ISLAND, N.Y., ... for adherence to the highest standards of trauma, maternity, cancer and chronic obstructive ... president and CEO, Dr. Daniel Messina. , Among the recognitions, the American College ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Healthcare is in flux. The ... for the mass media launching of story movements to highlight what's most unfair ... unfortunate experiences; such a movement can generate the network power to improve healthcare ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... Trends - Adhesion Type, Application, Usability - Forecast to 2025" ... , ... Market is poised to grow at a CAGR of around 3.2% ... market is witnessing include advancements in extracellular microelectrode arrays and intracellular ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...   TriNetX , the health research network, ... signed a membership agreement to join the network ... cures. The TriNetX network is comprised ... globally, biopharmaceutical companies and contract research organizations (CROs) ... site selection, patient recruitment, and collaborative research across ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016  Pennsylvania Physician General ... Drug and Alcohol Programs Gary Tennis ... medications, known as benzodiazepines, developed with the help ... are medications that are frequently prescribed for anxiety ... are used with opioid pain medications, benzodiazepines pose ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: