Navigation Links
Higher Death Rates Seen in Central Line Dialysis Patients: Study
Date:4/21/2011

By Randy Dotinga
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, April 21 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors should avoid delivering hemodialysis to kidney failure patients through a central line catheter because that method is associated with a higher risk of death shortly after beginning dialysis, a new study contends.

Researchers examined the medical records of more than 38,500 Canadian patients who began dialysis from 2001-08.

Patients who received hemodialysis through a central line catheter into a large vein had an 80 percent higher risk of death in the first year after starting dialysis than patients who received:

  • Peritoneal dialysis (through a tube into the abdomen).
  • Dialysis through an arteriovenous fistula (in which a surgeon connects an artery directly to a vein).
  • Dialysis through an arteriovenous graft (in which a surgeon connects an artery to a vein with a synthetic tube, or graft, implanted under the skin in one arm).

Both the surgically created fistula and graft access sites are at less risk of infection than a central line, with a fistula least likely to become infected, the study authors said.

Among central line patients, the risk of death was 20 percent higher five years after dialysis began than in the others.

"Our results emphasize the importance of predialysis care and education, and the need to avoid central venous catheter use in our [hemodialysis] patients," Dr. Jeffrey Perl, of St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, said in an American Society of Nephrology news release.

The researchers cautioned that the study was observational, not a randomized controlled trial, and that there was no information on the reasons why patients started dialysis with a central catheter vs. the other methods.

The study appeared in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

In the study, about 63 percent of the patients received hemodialysis using a central line catheter, 17 percent began the treatment with an arteriovenous fistula or graft, and 19 percent performed peritoneal dialysis on themselves at home.

Those who got treatment through an arteriovenous fistula or graft when starting hemodialysis survived at about the same rate as those on dialysis through a tube in the abdomen.

Prior research has also suggested that peritoneal patients have a lower risk of death, Perl said.

More information

Learn more about dialysis from the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

-- Randy Dotinga

SOURCE: American Society of Nephrology, news release, April 21, 2011


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
2. Minorities Not Treated at Higher-Quality Centers
3. Black Women at Higher Risk of Birth-Related Heart Problem
4. Risk of Childhood Obesity Higher Among Minorities
5. Death After Discharge Rates Higher in Elderly ICU Patients
6. Anti-depressants bring higher risk of developing cataracts: UBC-Vancouver Coastal Health research
7. K-State Study Finds Abundance of Food Stores, Not Lack of Them, Puts Low-Income Women In Small Cities at Higher Risk of Obesity
8. Do Liberals, Atheists Have Higher IQs?
9. Study: Low Levels of Vitamin D Linked to Higher Rates of Asthma in African American Kids
10. More Money, Increased Participation and Higher Nutritional Standards for School Meals
11. Hearts and Minds Promotes Wellness; African Americans Living with Mental Illness Have Higher Risk for Other Illnesses.
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... "FCPX editors can now reveal their ... Cut Pro X," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ... Pro X users can now reveal the media of their split screens with ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... , ... June 27, 2016 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently awarded ... Eyeglasses . , Millions of individuals in the United States and Canada wear ... a way to both correct vision and make a fashion statement. Even celebrities use ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... PawPaws brand pet supplements ... that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The formula is all-natural and ... main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support Supplement Soft Chews are ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now ... and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings ... The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. Omkar Marathe earned his ... David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in Internal Medicine at Scripps ... in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he had the opportunity to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Research ... Devices Global Market - Forecast to 2022" report to ... the treatment method for the patients with kidney failure, it ... excess fluid from the patient,s blood and thus the treatment ... potassium and chloride in balance. Increasing number ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- In a startling report released today, National Safety Council ... comprehensive, proven plan to eliminate prescription opioid overdoses. Prescription ... are tackling the worst drug crisis in recorded U.S. history, assigned ... Kentucky , New Mexico , ... 28 failing states, three – Michigan , ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on ... today announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing ... Duchenne) has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. ... in the third quarter of 2016, and to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: