Navigation Links
High rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia found in small community hospitals
Date:6/10/2013

Arlington, Va. (June 10, 2013) Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most frequent healthcare-associated infections found in intensive-care units (ICUs). New research on the prevalence of VAP in community hospitals shows small hospitals (less than 30,000 patient-days/year) have a higher rate of VAP than their larger counterparts, despite less use of ventilators. The study, published in the July issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, compares outcomes of patients on ventilators in 31 community hospitals in the southeastern United States from 2007 to 2011.

"Although it is unclear why small community hospitals experience more cases of ventilator-associated pneumonia, it may be related to limited familiarity with ventilator use and fewer specialty healthcare workers such as respiratory therapists," said Deverick Anderson, MD, MPH, an author of the study and assistant professor of medicine at Duke University and co-director of the Duke Infection Control Outreach Network.

Community hospitals are local healthcare facilities where patients generally seek short-term care and treatment. With most research on VAP focusing on large, academic medical centers such as teaching hospitals, the researchers conducted this prospective study using surveillance data to help understand the epidemiology of VAP in this healthcare setting.

The findings suggest ventilator care and outcomes are different in small community hospitals and that these hospitals may need additional resources to care for these critically ill patients. Previous research has found that VAP affects nearly 80 percent of patients intubated for longer than 24 hours and is associated with a high mortality rate and increased healthcare costs. In this study, the researchers found that patients on ventilators had long hospital stays (26 days median length of stay), and one out of three patients died.

The study reviewed a total of 247 VAP cases observed in the community hospitals over the four-year study period. These cases accounted for 192,143 ventilator-days, 504,900 ICU days and 6,763,829 patient-days. VAP infections were relatively uncommon in the study hospitals, accounting for an average of 1.4 infections per hospital each year. However, this is a higher incidence than reported nationally in 2009 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network for medical/surgical nonteaching hospitals (1.1.2).

"Our research may also suggest that staff at community hospitals are inexperienced with evidence-based protocols to prevent pneumonia in these under-resourced settings," said Anderson.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tamara Moore
tmoore@gymr.com
202-745-5114
Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Reported Decline in U.S. Pneumonia Deaths May Be False: Study
2. Pneumonia and preterm birth complications are the leading causes of childhood death
3. High Blood Sugar May Make Pneumonia Deadlier
4. Overweight patients hospitalized with pneumonia more apt to survive
5. Pneumonia remains the leading killer of children despite decline in global child deaths
6. Sedatives May Raise Pneumonia Risk
7. Scientists Shed Light on Fungus Behind Deadly Pneumonia Strain
8. Mayo Clinic finds steroids may shorten hospital stay for pneumonia patients
9. Pneumonia patients nearly twice as likely to suffer from depression, impairments
10. Pneumonia May Lead to Serious Aftereffects for Seniors
11. More Fake Avastin Found in U.S., FDA Says
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture ... said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package ... Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, ... presented a Bronze Wellness at Work award to iHire in recognition of their exemplary ... part of the 7th annual Maryland Workplace Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort ... holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain ... Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Dr. ... accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, ... and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... EB Medicine presented its first-ever ... Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. The awards honor the outstanding work ... Practice and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. , “With this award, we recognize ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... NAMUR , Belgium , ...  (NYSE MKT: VNRX), today announced the appointment of ... Board of Directors as a Non-Executive Director, effective ... the Company,s Audit, Compensation and Nominations and Governance ... Board, Dr. Futcher will provide independent expertise and ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced ... Type (Organic Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), Inorganic Chemical), Functionality ... - Global Forecast to 2021" report to their ... global pharmaceutical excipients market is projected to reach USD ... in the forecast period 2016 to 2021. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... a favourable commercial environment for MedImmune to enter. The US ... will serve to drive considerable growth for effective anti-influenza medications. ... cap sales considerably, but development is still in its infancy. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: