Navigation Links
High prevalence of opioid use by Social Security disability recipients, reports Medical Care
Date:8/14/2014

August 14, 2014 More than 40 percent of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) recipients take opioid pain relievers, while the prevalence of chronic opioid use is over 20 percent and rising, reports a study in the September issue of Medical Care. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

The high proportion of SSDI recipients who are chronic opioid usersin many, at high and very high daily doses"is worrisome in light of established and growing evidence that intense opioid use to treat non-malignant [non-cancer] pain may not be effective and may confer important risk," write Dr Nancy Elizabeth Morden and colleagues of the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice, Lebanon, N.H.

Rising Prevalence of Opioid Use by SSDI Recipients

The researchers analyzed trends in use of prescription opioids (morphine-related drugs) among disabled Medicare beneficiaries under age 65 between 2007 and 2011. Nearly all under-65 Medicare beneficiaries are SSDI recipients; patients who go on SSDI are eligible for Medicare after two years.

Consistent with reports of an "opioid epidemic" in the United States, the results showed high and rising prevalence of opioid use by SSDI recipients. The percentage of beneficiaries taking opioids increased from 2007 through 2010. In 2011, the most recent year with available data, prevalence dipped slightly to 43.7 percent.

The percentage of these beneficiaries with chronic opioid use rose steadily, from 21.4 percent in 2007 to 23.1 percent in 2011. Chronic opioid users received numerous opioid prescriptionsat least six and generally 13 per yeartypically prescribed by multiple doctors. Women were at greater risk of becoming chronic opioid users than men.

Among chronic opioid users, the average "morphine equivalent dose" (MED) also dipped in 2011. Still, nearly 20 percent of chronic users were taking a dose of at least 100 milligrams MED, while ten percent were taking 200 milligrams. "Opioid use of this intensity has been associated with risk of overdose death in the general US population and more specifically in disabled workers," Dr Morden and colleagues write.

With Wide Regional Variations in Opioid Prescribing

The researchers also found variations in opioid use across US health care regions. The regional prevalence of opioid use among SSDI recipients ranged from 33.0 to 58.6 percent; chronic use ranged from 14.0 to 36.6 percent. Drug dosage and specific opioids prescribed also varied by region.

The high prevalence and intensity of opioid use among SSDI recipients parallels the preponderance of musculoskeletal disorders, such as back painsome type of musculoskeletal condition was present in 94 percent of chronic opioid users. The researchers also note the high rate of depression, 38 percent, among patients taking chronic opioids.

Dr Morden and colleagues voice concern about the trends in opioid use by SSDI recipientsparticularly chronic use at potentially hazardous doses. "We are not suggesting that all chronic opioid use is more harmful than beneficial," they write, "but rather that the common and increasing chronic use we observed seems inconsistent with the uncertainties surrounding such prescribing practice."

The regional variation identified in the study "shows a lack of standardized approach and reveals regions with mean MED levels associated with overdose risk," the researchers add. They urge further studies to assess the clinical outcomes of opioid use by under-65 disabled workers and factors associated with chronic opioid use. They also call for the development of policies and programs that balance safety with high-quality pain management for this complex group of patients.


'/>"/>
Contact: Connie Hughes
Connie.Hughes@wolterskluwer.com
646-674-6348
Wolters Kluwer Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Connecticut Professor Studies Prevalence of Mosquitoes Species That Can Carry Deadly EEEV & West Nile Virus
2. Miriam Hospital study examines smoking prevalence
3. Coordinated intervention reduced prevalence of drug-resistant CRE in long-term care
4. Study confirms increased prevalence of GI symptoms among children with autism
5. The Lancet: China halves tuberculosis prevalence in just 20 years
6. Study on DSM-5 shows effects on autism diagnosis and prevalence
7. Prevalence of hepatitis C infection found to vary widely among Hispanics
8. ‘Path to 2025’ Alzheimer’s Disease Summit: Reforms Urgently Needed to Streamline Road to Alzheimer’s Prevention and Treatment as Global Prevalence is Set to Triple
9. Prevalence of household gun ownership linked to child gun shot wounds
10. Where is Rosacea Worst? New Map Shows Geographic Prevalence
11. Computer test reveals high prevalence of attention disorders in stroke patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum CBD oil ... required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into liquid products, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many families have long-term insurance that covers care ... have a waiver for care if the client has a cognitive impairment diagnosis. ... for care, is often waived, so the benefits from their insurance start immediately,” said ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer ... one of the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. ... descriptions that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... “America On ... Christian identity. “America On The Brink” is the creation of published author, William ... several great-grandchildren. As a WWII veteran, he spent thirty years in the Navy. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s ... experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , These products are ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/12/2017)... PARIS and NEW YORK , Sept. 12, ... ethical performance ratings for global supply chains, has published the first annual ... the CSR performance of more than 20,400 companies evaluated by EcoVadis, based ... years 2015 and 2016. ... EcoVadis Global CSR Risk & Performance Index ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... SAN FRANCISCO , Sept. 12, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... Lifecycle Management Solutions (VLMS), is pleased to announce ... as a member of its Board of Directors ... 2017. ValGenesis VLMS enables life science companies to ... eliminate the use of paper in this process. ...
(Date:9/9/2017)... Dealmed Medical Supplies, New York ... supplies, drugs, vaccines, and specialty medical products and services, ... to acquire Vantage Medical Supplies, a major distributor of ... New York . ... medical practices, will operate under the Dealmed name as ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: