Navigation Links
High HIV infection rate among Soweto Township gays

New research from UCSF examining HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the township of Soweto in South Africa has found that a third of gay-identified men are infected with HIV.

The study's authors were the first to examine HIV and the community of men who have sex with men in the Soweto Township, an area on the periphery of Johannesburg reserved for black South Africans during apartheid.

The researchers found that Soweto MSM identified themselves as straight, bisexual or gay, with the highest HIV rate among gay identified men, at 33.9 percent. The researchers estimated the rate of HIV infection for bisexual MSM in Soweto to be 6.4 percent and 10 percent for straight identified MSM.

"Our findings clearly indicate that targeted prevention and treatment for men who have sex with men in townships are urgently needed. We also found that, despite South Africa's legal advances in gay rights, stigma and de facto segregation are reflected in the disproportionate rates of HIV infection," said the study's principal investigator, Tim Lane, PhD, MPH, assistant professor at the UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies

The findings are now available in the online edition of the journal AIDS and Behavior and are scheduled for publication in an upcoming print issue.

Of the study's 378 participants, 34.1 percent identified as gay, 30.4 percent as bisexual and 31.7 percent as straight. All but one of the participants were black South Africans and all of South Africa's black African ethnic groups were represented in the sample.

The study showed that MSM's sexual identities predicted their sexual behavior with other men.

Gay identity was highly correlated with the exclusive practice of receptive anal intercourse and straight and bisexual self-identification was highly correlated with the exclusive practice of insertive anal intercourse with male partners.

"With the correlation of sexual identity and sexual practice, control of condom use in same-sex partnerships tends to be in the hands of bisexual and straight MSM. This finding demonstrates the pressing need to promote condom use among bisexual and straight-MSM for same-sex as well as heterosexual relationships," said Lane.

The authors also looked at other risk factors and found that HIV infection was also associated with being older than 25, lower incomes, purchasing alcohol or drugs for a male partner in exchange for sex, having receptive anal intercourse and having any unprotected anal intercourse with a man.

HIV infection was significantly less likely among men who have sex with men who were circumcised, smoked marijuana, had a regular female partner or reported unprotected vaginal intercourse with women.

"The circumcision findings clearly suggest that for this population of MSM, circumcision could be protective and that MSM should not be excluded from circumcision programs," said Lane.


Contact: Jeff Sheehy
University of California - San Francisco

Related medicine news :

1. Antibiotics Being Prescribed Less for Respiratory Infections
2. Synthetic Protein Thwarts HIV Infection in Lab
3. Clostridium difficile Infection: Tracking a Virulent Pathogen
4. MinuteClinic Offers New Rapid Pink-Eye Test; Detects Viral Conjunctivitis Infections in Minutes
5. Staph Infection May Follow People Home From Hospital
6. Rapid Swine Flu Test Misses Many Infections
7. NCCN Updates Infection Guidelines to Include Information About H1N1 Virus (Swine Flu)
8. Scientists learn why even treated genital herpes sores boost the risk of HIV infection
9. Prototype, 7-foot-tall sanitizer automates disinfection of hard-to-clean hospital equipment
10. Muskogee Community Hospital Adopts Steril-Aire UVC Lights for Infection Control, Green Benefits
11. Penile Prosthesis Surgery Infection Rates Reduced With The No-Touch Technique By Dr. J. Francois Eid of Advanced Urological Care
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Sir ... customer service: the TrustDale certification. The award recognizes good companies for excellence in ... , tile and grout, and hard surface restoration company earned this recognition after ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Autism Speaks, the world’s leading autism science and advocacy organization, ... the generosity of people around the world. On December 1, supporters can make an ... and share the personal stories behind those gifts. , Just as Black Friday ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... Don Peck’s mother wondered if she was a descendant of Samuel Fuller, a passenger on ... search for information, Don and his aunt discovered that she was not, in fact, related ... was Don’s father who was descended from not one, but four passengers on the famed ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Dehydration, defined as a loss ... to perspiration in the hot sun, and heat stroke and death will quickly follow. ... radio host Sharon Kleyne. Every cell, system and structure requires water to function properly. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... The ... OSHA Training Institute Education Center in Northern California, is calling on retail employers ... sales events. As the volume of sales and shoppers rapidly expands, retailers ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... , November 24, 2015 F1000Workspace ... for scientists - since it was launched just six months ... reference management and authoring platform for scientists - since it ... million references have been loaded on to F1000Workspace ... scientists - since it was launched just six months ago. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015  Family Rentals, a South ... launch of their newly designed, mobile-responsive website. ... --> Logo - ... --> Now, renting essential items for ... just got a whole lot easier through the ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... NEWTOWN, Pa. , Nov. 24, 2015  NuShield, Inc., an industry leader in LCD screen ... mobile and stationary computer technology as part of their patient monitoring or electronic documentation system. ... ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: