Navigation Links
Hepatitis Infections Behind U.S. Rise in Liver Cancer
Date:5/6/2010

More people need to be vaccinated, diagnosed and treated, CDC report says

THURSDAY, May 6 (HealthDay News) -- A type of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, is increasing in the United States, and health officials attribute much of the rise to untreated hepatitis infections.

Chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C are responsible for 78 percent of hepatocellular carcinoma around the world. In the United States, as many as 5.3 million people have chronic viral hepatitis and don't know it, according to the May 6 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

"The liver cancer rates are increasing in contrast to most other major forms of cancer," said Dr. John Ward, director of CDC's viral hepatitis division and co-author of the report. Viral hepatitis is a major reason for the increase, he said.

The rate of hepatocellular carcinoma increased from 2.7 per 100,000 persons in 2001 to 3.2 in 2006 -- an average annual increase of 3.5 percent, according to the report. The highest rates are seen among Asian Pacific Islanders and blacks, the CDC researchers noted.

This is of concern because opportunities exist for prevention, Ward noted. "There is a vaccine against hepatitis B that is routinely given to infants -- so our children are protected, but adults, for the most part, are not," he said.

In addition, good treatments exist for both hepatitis B and C, Ward explained. "These will be even more effective in the future when new drugs currently in development come on the market," he said.

It takes decades of infection with hepatitis before cancer develops, and Ward said a lot of new cases are among older people who were infected before vaccines or effective treatments were available.

Screening of anyone with chronic hepatitis is essential to prevent or treat liver cancer, Ward pointed out.

Others who should be screened, he said, include people born in Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe, where hepatitis B is endemic; gay men; injection drug users; and hemodialysis patients.

Hepatitis C was only identified in 1990, he added, so people who had contact with a blood product in the 1980s or earlier also need to be screened for hepatitis C.

"In the long term, like 20 or 30 years and beyond, our prospects are very bright as far as preventing liver cancer from viral hepatitis," Ward said.

"But we still have about 50,000 persons who become infected with hepatitis every year and we would like to get that rate lower still," he said.

May is Hepatitis Awareness Month, Ward noted. "Ask your doctor for vaccination for hepatitis B, and ask if you should be screened for hepatitis B or C," he said.

According to Dr. Eugene Schiff, director of the Center for Liver Diseases at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma is essential to prevent cancer, and diagnosing cancer early is essential to successfully treating it.

"Unfortunately, the majority of cases that are referred in with a diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma, it's already too far advanced," Schiff said.

Public education campaigns are key because most people with hepatitis don't know it, added an infectious disease expert, Dr. Marc Siegel, an associate professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center.

This should include a massive vaccination campaign against hepatitis B, Siegel said. Eventually, a vaccine for hepatitis C will be developed, "but it won't be anytime soon," he noted.

For now, prevention is the only way to stop hepatitis C from spreading. Since it is commonly spread through sexual contact, "cutting down on the number of partners and using a condom -- these are the main protections," he said.

More information

For more information on hepatitis, visit the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.



SOURCES: John Ward, M.D., director, viral hepatitis division, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Marc Siegel, M.D., associate professor, medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York City; Eugene Schiff, M.D., director, Center for Liver Diseases, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine; May 7, 2010, CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Many Kids With Hepatitis C Are Missed
2. Extended hepatitis C treatment after liver transplant may benefit patients
3. NIH study offers hope to patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
4. In Early Test, New Hepatitis C Drug Shows Promise
5. New phase II study supports potential of gs-9450 as new treatment option for steatohepatitis
6. Hepatitis C Tied to Higher Kidney Cancer Risk
7. New Drug Shows Promise for Curing Hepatitis C
8. Henry Ford Hospital atudy: Hepatitis C infection doubles risk for kidney cancer
9. Donor kidneys from Hepatitis C patients needlessly denied to patients with that infection
10. Researchers identify potential new target for treating hepatitis C
11. Hepatitis C treatment less effective in urban minority patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... In his newly appointed role ... May, Ph.D., recently accepted the distinguished Sun Corridor Export Award for his company’s ... (WNB), and 16 other businesses from Pima, Pinal, and Maricopa counties in Arizona, ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... West Hempstead, NY (PRWEB) , ... June 20, ... ... most experienced in the security systems industry has been selected as the partner ... , Amtrak is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... John D'Eri, CEO of Rising Tide Car Wash , ... during the Autism Society of America 's 49th annual conference to be ... Foundation (DJFF) was founded in 2002 as the nation's first autism organization focused ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... MEDI+SIGN, ... like to officially welcome Anthony Stanowski, DHA, FACHE to the MEDI+SIGN Advisory Board. ... and expertise in healthcare will provide invaluable direction for the company,” says Andrew ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... , ... The law firm of Momkus McCluskey Roberts LLC congratulates ... DuPage County Bar Association’s Board of Directors. Cassioppi officially took on the leadership role ... Oak Brook. Momkus McCluskey Roberts LLC attorney Stacey A. McCullough was also installed as ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/1/2017)... , June 1, 2017 Nutriceutical Holdings (NH), ... Recommended Solutions (VRS), and KD Pharma Group have decided ... Holdings by KD Pharma Group. KD Pharma Group will ... option to acquire the entire company. "We ... They are committed to growing the NH companies by ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... -- Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) announced today ... the Company in a fireside chat at Goldman Sachs, 38 ... 2017 at 10:40 a.m. PT / 1:40 p.m. ET. The ... Rancho Palos Verdes, CA. A live ... on the Company,s website at http://www.endo.com/investors/overview . Participants should ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... 22, 2017  As the specialty pharmacy industry ... to make the revolutionary shift from volume-based to ... ensuring positive patient outcomes and shaping the future ... focus away from clinical trials and toward data ... specialty drug therapy utilization in precise patient populations. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: