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Heart Drug Combos Raise Risk of Gastrointestinal Bleeding
Date:6/2/2009

Specialists should consider risks vs. benefits, researcher says

TUESDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Common drug combinations used to treat heart disease raise the risk of bleeding or perforation of the upper gastrointestinal tract, new research shows.

Researchers examined data on 78,084 patients aged 60 to 99 from a Department of Veterans Affairs national pharmacy and administrative database. About 30 percent were prescribed what is known as Complex Antithrombotic Therapy, combinations of two or three drugs, between January 2003 and September 2006.

The combinations include anticoagulant-antiplatelet (ACAP), aspirin-antiplatelet (ASAP), aspirin-anticoagulant (ASAC) or TRIP (aspirin-anticoagulant-antiplatelet).

The drugs are typically prescribed to treat people with a history of heart attack, stroke or peripheral vascular disease.

Within one year of starting the drugs, 1,061 experienced an upper gastrointestinal (GI) event, such as bleeding or perforation, requiring immediate medical attention. The upper GI tract includes the pharynx, esophagus and stomach.

Patients prescribed ASAP and ASAC drug combinations were two and a half times more likely to suffer an upper gastrointestinal event than those not taking the drugs. The fewest upper GI problems occurred among people taking ACAP.

The greatest risk came from TRIP, which correlated with a fourfold increased risk of an upper GI event, according to the study to be presented Tuesday at Digestive Disease Week 2009 in Chicago.

Younger patients -- those between 60 and 69 years old -- were at the highest risk. That age group was most likely to take the TRIP drug-combo because of a likelier history of ischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and peripheral artery disease, the study found.

"The fact that triple therapy is most commonly prescribed to younger patients reflects the changes in current cardiac care," study
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