Navigation Links
Healthy lifestyle reduces the risk of hypertension by two thirds
Date:8/27/2012

Munich, Germany Healthy behaviours regarding alcohol, physical activity, vegetable intake and body weight reduce the risk of hypertension by two thirds, according to research presented at the ESC Congress today. The findings were presented by Professor Pekka Jousilahti from National Institute for Health and Welfare.

According to the World Health Organization, hypertension is the leading cause of mortality in the world, contributing annually to over 7 million deaths (about 15% of all deaths). Therefore, prevention of hypertension is essential to improving health and preventing morbidity and mortality, both in developing and developed countries.

The purpose of this study was to examine whether five major cardiovascular disease related lifestyle factors smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, obesity and consumption of vegetables predict the future increase of blood pressure and development of clinical hypertension, and need for antihypertensive drug treatment.

This large prospective population-based cohort study included 9,637 Finnish men and 11,430 women who were 25 to 74 years of age and free of hypertension during the baseline measurements (1982-2002). Healthy lifestyle factors were defined as: (1) not smoking, (2) alcohol consumption less than 50g per week, (3) leisure time physical activity at least 3 times per week, (4) daily consumption of vegetables, and (5) normal weight (BMI<25kg/m2).

Data on the development of hypertension during the follow-up period were obtained from the Social Insurance Institution of Finland register of people entitled to special reimbursement for antihypertensive drugs. During a mean follow-up of 16 years, 709 men and 890 women developed hypertension.

Smoking was omitted from the final analysis. Professor Jousilahti said: "Even though smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, it was not associated with the development of hypertension in our analyses, which is in accordance with previous studies."

The four remaining healthy lifestyle factors were included in the analysis. Hazard ratios for hypertension associated with adherence to 0 (the reference group), 1, 2, 3, and 4 healthy lifestyle factors were calculated after adjusting for age, year of entering the study, education, and smoking.

The hazard ratios for hypertension associated with adherence to 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 healthy lifestyle factors were 1.00, 0.74, 0.51, 0.34, and 0.33 for men, and 1.00, 0.89, 0.68, 0.41, and 0.37 for women. "The risk of hypertension was only one third among those having all four healthy lifestyle factors compared to those having none," said Professor Jousilahti. "Even having one to three healthy lifestyle factors reduced the risk of hypertension remarkably. For example having two healthy lifestyle factors reduced the risk of hypertension by nearly 50% in men and by more than 30% in women."

"Our analysis suggests that adherence to healthy lifestyle factors may have more of an impact on risk of hypertension in men than women," he added. "This could be because of the stronger association of obesity and alcohol consumption with the risk of hypertension in men than in women."

"Four modifiable lifestyle factors: alcohol consumption, physical activity, consumption of vegetables and keeping normal weight have a remarkable effect on the development of hypertension," said Professor Jousilahti. "Lifestyle modification has a huge public health potential to prevent hypertension. While our research suggests that lifestyle modification may produce greater reductions in hypertension in men than women, it also shows large benefits in women, and adherence to all four healthy lifestyle factors had a nearly similar effect in both sexes. Both men and women should take steps towards a healthier lifestyle to decrease their risk of hypertension."

He concluded: "Our study was focused on prevention of hypertension and therefore included subjects who did not have hypertension at baseline. But the results should apply to the treatment of patients with hypertension, who can reduce their blood pressure by modifying the four lifestyle factors alone, or by making these modifications while taking blood pressure lowering medication."


'/>"/>

Contact: ESC Press Office
press@escardio.org
33-049-294-8627
European Society of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Global study suggests need for strategies to combat unhealthy lifestyles among the poor and the rich
2. Popular Characters Can Help Kids Eat Healthy Foods Too
3. Healthy-Looking Pigs at State Fair Found to Have Swine Flu
4. Babys Healthy Diet Feeds IQ, Study Finds
5. Color-coded labels improve healthy food choices in employees from all backgrounds
6. Girls with eating disorders regain healthy fatty acid levels when their weight normalizes
7. U.S. Schools Throwing the Book at Unhealthy Drinks
8. Heuer M.D. Research Announces CardiaShred™ - First Medical Doctor Formulated, Heart Healthy Weight Loss, Energy and Lean Muscle Building Supplement
9. Author and Speaker Dr. Yvonne Corppetts to Lecture on Creating A Healthy Workplace (Emotionally)
10. Healthy Back Store Confirms Closure of East Tyson’s Virginia Location
11. Parents work-life stress hinders healthy eating
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Code Word: Chocolate Biscuit”: a biographical account ... Word: Chocolate Biscuit” is the creation of published author, Marlyn Ivey, born in Lynn Haven, ... he went to school and at 19 years of age, he joined the Navy and ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... , ... “Journey to Christmas:” a beautiful and enchanting tale that teaches children the true meaning ... of three in Oklahoma City, and a devoted woman of faith. , “Becoming a ... in the back of my mind for years, but actually doing it might have been ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... ... the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) announced over 359,000 clinicians are ... who participate in APMs are paid for the quality of care they give to ... a system that delivers better care and one in which clinicians work together to ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... ... the cold weather here, many people will have to clear snow with snow blowers or ... snow, but they can be dangerous when used incorrectly. That’s why Amica Insurance ... use of snow blowers:, , When removing wet snow or debris ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Melville, New York (PRWEB) , ... January 19, ... ... state–of-the-art high definition dynamic telemedicine solutions, has recently unveiled impressive transportable capabilities with ... this newly designed product is an extension to RMT technology that delivers HD, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... global  pacemaker market  is expected to reach USD 12.3 billion by 2025, according ... cardiac conditions coupled with the availability of medical coverage is a key driving ... devices are supporting the expansion of this vertical. ... ... Logo ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 18, 2017  ViewRay, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... and only clinical MRI-guided radiation therapy system, announced today ... approximately $26.1 million through a private placement of ... led the financing and was joined by certain ... and Kearny Venture Partners, and an additional new ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Calif. , Jan. 18, 2017  Magnetic ... solutions has entered into an agreement with inviCRO ... the Momentum MPI imaging system based on inviCRO,s ... will be distributed as a complete MPI solution ... enable quantitative nanoparticle or cell imaging in vivo. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: