Navigation Links
Healthy lifestyle reduces the risk of hypertension by two thirds
Date:8/27/2012

Munich, Germany Healthy behaviours regarding alcohol, physical activity, vegetable intake and body weight reduce the risk of hypertension by two thirds, according to research presented at the ESC Congress today. The findings were presented by Professor Pekka Jousilahti from National Institute for Health and Welfare.

According to the World Health Organization, hypertension is the leading cause of mortality in the world, contributing annually to over 7 million deaths (about 15% of all deaths). Therefore, prevention of hypertension is essential to improving health and preventing morbidity and mortality, both in developing and developed countries.

The purpose of this study was to examine whether five major cardiovascular disease related lifestyle factors smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, obesity and consumption of vegetables predict the future increase of blood pressure and development of clinical hypertension, and need for antihypertensive drug treatment.

This large prospective population-based cohort study included 9,637 Finnish men and 11,430 women who were 25 to 74 years of age and free of hypertension during the baseline measurements (1982-2002). Healthy lifestyle factors were defined as: (1) not smoking, (2) alcohol consumption less than 50g per week, (3) leisure time physical activity at least 3 times per week, (4) daily consumption of vegetables, and (5) normal weight (BMI<25kg/m2).

Data on the development of hypertension during the follow-up period were obtained from the Social Insurance Institution of Finland register of people entitled to special reimbursement for antihypertensive drugs. During a mean follow-up of 16 years, 709 men and 890 women developed hypertension.

Smoking was omitted from the final analysis. Professor Jousilahti said: "Even though smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, it was not associated with the development of hypertension in our analyses, which is in accordance with previous studies."

The four remaining healthy lifestyle factors were included in the analysis. Hazard ratios for hypertension associated with adherence to 0 (the reference group), 1, 2, 3, and 4 healthy lifestyle factors were calculated after adjusting for age, year of entering the study, education, and smoking.

The hazard ratios for hypertension associated with adherence to 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 healthy lifestyle factors were 1.00, 0.74, 0.51, 0.34, and 0.33 for men, and 1.00, 0.89, 0.68, 0.41, and 0.37 for women. "The risk of hypertension was only one third among those having all four healthy lifestyle factors compared to those having none," said Professor Jousilahti. "Even having one to three healthy lifestyle factors reduced the risk of hypertension remarkably. For example having two healthy lifestyle factors reduced the risk of hypertension by nearly 50% in men and by more than 30% in women."

"Our analysis suggests that adherence to healthy lifestyle factors may have more of an impact on risk of hypertension in men than women," he added. "This could be because of the stronger association of obesity and alcohol consumption with the risk of hypertension in men than in women."

"Four modifiable lifestyle factors: alcohol consumption, physical activity, consumption of vegetables and keeping normal weight have a remarkable effect on the development of hypertension," said Professor Jousilahti. "Lifestyle modification has a huge public health potential to prevent hypertension. While our research suggests that lifestyle modification may produce greater reductions in hypertension in men than women, it also shows large benefits in women, and adherence to all four healthy lifestyle factors had a nearly similar effect in both sexes. Both men and women should take steps towards a healthier lifestyle to decrease their risk of hypertension."

He concluded: "Our study was focused on prevention of hypertension and therefore included subjects who did not have hypertension at baseline. But the results should apply to the treatment of patients with hypertension, who can reduce their blood pressure by modifying the four lifestyle factors alone, or by making these modifications while taking blood pressure lowering medication."


'/>"/>

Contact: ESC Press Office
press@escardio.org
33-049-294-8627
European Society of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Global study suggests need for strategies to combat unhealthy lifestyles among the poor and the rich
2. Popular Characters Can Help Kids Eat Healthy Foods Too
3. Healthy-Looking Pigs at State Fair Found to Have Swine Flu
4. Babys Healthy Diet Feeds IQ, Study Finds
5. Color-coded labels improve healthy food choices in employees from all backgrounds
6. Girls with eating disorders regain healthy fatty acid levels when their weight normalizes
7. U.S. Schools Throwing the Book at Unhealthy Drinks
8. Heuer M.D. Research Announces CardiaShred™ - First Medical Doctor Formulated, Heart Healthy Weight Loss, Energy and Lean Muscle Building Supplement
9. Author and Speaker Dr. Yvonne Corppetts to Lecture on Creating A Healthy Workplace (Emotionally)
10. Healthy Back Store Confirms Closure of East Tyson’s Virginia Location
11. Parents work-life stress hinders healthy eating
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... CONTACT:, Glenn Vallecillos, MD, ... plastic surgeon Dr. Glenn Vallecillos experiments SculpSure, the hot, new, aesthetic, ... surgery has been centered around that idea that to achieve ones desired results ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... Murfreesboro, TN (PRWEB) , ... February 17, 2017 ... ... EHR mobility has not kept pace. Enovate Medical has introduced an innovative workstation ... 20 years of supporting nurses, the Encore Mobile EHR Workstation offers a lightweight, ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Empowering ... Francis' goals for each and every seminar, session and class she offers. ... five different brainwave tools which help energize creativity, focus mental functions, enhance athletic ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... MAP Revenue Cycle Solutions ... Pilley has been promoted to Chief Executive Officer. , The need for ... a shift that demands the transition from pay-for-service to pay-for-performance models. By delivering ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Top neuroendocrine cancer doctors, nurses and specialists from ... February 21 - 23 in Beaver Creek, CO. It was announced today by Cindy ... year in Beaver Creek, hosting over 60 faculty members and addressing unmet needs of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/16/2017)... Maine and SCOTTSDALE, Ariz. , ... Health Information Exchange (HIE), announced today it is ... medicine platform. HealthInfoNet,s HIE contains 98% of all ... all Maine hospitals and over 500 ... Board of Directors, HealthInfoNet plans to deploy Orion Health,s ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... LONDON , February 16, 2017 ... die Verbesserung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit haben in der Medizinproduktebranche ... richtet die globale Medizinproduktebranche den Blick auf unmittelbar ... die bevorstehende Implementierung in diesen Regionen. ... ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... , Feb. 16, 2017 OTTO Health LLC ... of Product Evan Frankel will speak at the ... on Feb. 19–23, 2017 in Orlando, Fla. ... Use Telehealth as a Tool for Network Management " during ... The 2017 HIMSS Annual Conference & Exhibition brings together ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: