Navigation Links
'Healthy' individuals may be at risk for heart disease

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. In the face of a growing obesity epidemic in the United States, researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center have new study results that indicate that how much fat a person has is not as important as where that fat is located when assessing risk for cardiovascular events and metabolic disease.

"We are facing an obesity epidemic, which obviously affects many things metabolic abnormalities, cardiovascular disease, etc.," said Jingzhong Ding, M.D., lead researcher and an assistant professor of gerontology. "Now we are finding out that where the fat is distributed is of high importance."

The findings of the study, funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and the National Institutes of Health, will appear in the September issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, a publication of the American Society for Nutrition.

For the study, researchers used cardiac and CT scans to measure multiple fat depots in 398 white and black participants from Forsyth County, N.C., ages 47-86. They found that the amount of fat a person had deposited around organs and in between muscles (nonsubcutaneous fat) had a direct correlation to the amount of hard, calcified plaque they had. Calcified plaque itself is not considered risky, but it is associated with the development of atherosclerosis, or the presence of less stable, fatty deposits in the blood vessels that can lead to heart attack and stroke.

"Our hypothesis was that this kind of fat is quite different from subcutaneous fat, or fat just below the skin," Ding said. "Subcutaneous fat may not be as bad as having fat deposited around organs and in between muscles."

Last month, Ding published results of a similar study showing that fat deposited around the heart (pericardial fat) is associated with calcified plaque in the arteries and therefore may be worse than having a high BMI or a thick waist.

"For the previous study, our hypothesis was that pericardial fat released inflammatory cytokines and free fatty acids directly into the coronary arteries, leading to endothelial dysfunction, which initiates atherosclerosis," Ding said.

Ding is continuing long-term studies to investigate whether individuals with excessive fat deposited in and around organs and muscles may be at higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cardiac events regardless of overall body fat.

"We know that even thin people could have excessive non-subcutaneous fat," Ding said. "If this hypothesis is confirmed, we should look for ways to specifically target the non-subcutaneous fat depot."


Contact: Jessica Guenzel
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center

Related medicine news :

1. Produce for Kids(R) and PBS KIDS(R) Partner for a Second Year with Nationwide School-Based Healthy Eating Campaign
2. Families Urged to Use Go Red Corazon Family Tree to Begin a Heart-Healthy Legacy
3. During the Recent Chino Based Earthquake Did You Know What to Do? The City of Burbank Senior Services Division and the National Alliance For Healthy Communities Would Like to Help.
4. NARSAD Introduces Healthy Minds Across America, an International Event Recognizing the Toll of Mental Illness, on Sunday, Sept. 14
5. Part of the in-group? A surprising new strategy helps reduce unhealthy behaviors
6. Healthy people and enhancement drugs
7. Message to Birmingham Residents: Forgo Fad Dieting and Join the Campaign for Healthy Weight
8. WXYZ-TV/Channel 7 is On Your Side With Healthy Living For Kids; Free Immunizations for Children on Sunday, August 24 at Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History
9. Jessica Simpson Lends Healthy Image for Drink Smart Campaign
10. Fruits & Veggies - More Matters Helps Moms Instill Healthy Eating Habits
11. Preparing To Send Your Children Off To School? Healthy Breakfast, Lunch and Snack Ideas From Cabot(R) Can Contribute to a Better, More Productive School Year
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... new company, Sublime Beauty NATURALS®. All products are available on Amazon or its ... oils, organic facial serums and USDA Certified Organic Sesame Oil for Oil Pulling," ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... Orion, Clarkston, Metamora, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... November 29, 2015 , ... ... football games, basketball games. Things that as a Mother and Wife would love to ... was no mistake that I just happened to call Dr. Zaidan first. They have ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... November 29, 2015 , ... NewsWatch featured X-wing as ... available to consumers. Amanda Forstrom, a technology expert and special reporter for NewsWatch, conducted ... reality in the future. , It’s the future because flying cars are about to ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... ... While conventional walkers afford considerable help with mobility, their design does not ... inventor from Uniontown, Pa., has found a way to address those needs. , He ... walker to improve the user’s quality of life. To begin with, this improved mobility ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 29, 2015 ... ... an all new and unique analog distortion effect tool designed specially for Final ... their footage, and create limiltess looks with the easy-to-use modification controls. Destoying and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/29/2015)... Iowa , Nov. 29, 2015 ... ultrasound guidance technology at the Radiological Society of ... in Chicago November 29 ... system is designed to offer customers unrivaled versatility, ... --> ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... YORK , November 27, 2015 ... system is set to go online. The potential to ... processes is vast and far from fully exploited as ... to patient health records, either via mobile tablet or ... ) --> ) --> ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Research and Markets ( ) has ... Market 2015-2019" report to their offering. ... report, the author the present scenario and growth prospects ... calculate the market size, the report considers revenue generated ... IUDs and copper IUDs. The report forecasts the global ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: