Navigation Links
Health expectancy, a more realistic indicator
Date:7/3/2012

"The increase in life expectancy has traditionally been a good rsum of a population's state of health. But the profile of diseases has changed: now there is a great prevalence of specific disorders that are not life-threatening yet are very incapacitating," points out Unai Martn. In other words, life expectancy is no longer the only indicator to be taken into consideration: for example, it is not possible to speak of wellbeing if one lives longer but if one is ill or dependent during that extra time. This sociologist of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) says it is more realistic to ask: how many years can we expect to live free of incapacity and/or in good health? He has studied how the population in the Basque Autonomous Community (BAC) has evolved, and what its current state is in this respect. His thesis is entitled: Salud y desigualdades sociales en salud en la C.A. del Pas Vasco en el cambio de siglo: una visin desde las esperanzas de salud (Health and social inequalities in health in the Basque Autonomous Community in the new century: a vision from the health expectancy perspective).

In actual fact, it is a matter of integrating the mortality rate and health quality into a single index. To do this, Martn has in this research consulted three sources of data focussing on the BAC: data on death (1989-2008); population censuses (1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006); and the last four health surveys (1992, 1997, 2002 and 2007) conducted by the BAC Government.

Progress is slowing down

As the thesis explains, the evolution in the state of health of the Basque population has been positive until now. However, the most recent data indicate that this evolution has slowed down. Martn warns that it is necessary to be on the alert in this respect: "In the data in the BAC, in the first three periods studied, there is a compression of morbidity and the years of life gained are accompanied by better health. But in the last period one is beginning to see that life expectancy is increasing at the expense of an increase in incapacity. The state of health does not improve as much as it used to, and signs that it could start to deteriorate are seen."

In connection with this, the researcher points out that it is important to focus collective effort to ensure that the fall in mortality continues to be accompanied by an improvement in the population's health, and not at the expense of an expansion in chronic diseases or incapacities.

Mitigating this potential problem requires changes in the allocation of resources and the prioritizing of services, among other things. For example, Martn points out that the Strategy for addressing the Chronicity challenge in the BAC (started by the BAC Government in 2010) constitutes an advance in this respect, although it is not sufficient. "The significance of chronic diseases has forced the redirecting of healthcare systems, and in this respect, the chronicity strategy is ground breaking. But the cutting of chronic diseases not only takes place because the healthcare system adapts. It is a plan with a highly biomedical vision, and which fails to deal with other kinds of factors like those linked to conditions of life which have a lot to do with improving the health of the population," he points out.

Great social inequality

In actual fact, if the level of education or the social class themselves are already determining life expectancy, Martn explains that the influence of conditions of life is even greater when the indicator proposed is applied: "With these measures that take mortality as well as health into consideration, the inequalities are even greater." The data gathered in this research show, for example, that a newborn boy belonging to the 20% most deprived neighbourhoods in the BAC can expect to live in good health 6.4 years less than one born in the 20% of areas of least deprivation. A difference which in the case of newborn girls amounts to 7.4 years. Likewise, by the time a man who has not been educated or who has only been through elementary education reaches the age of 20, he can expect to live 10.9 years less in good health than a man who has been through university; in the case of women, that difference is 9.4 years.

In other words, the data indicate than a fall in the social scale means not only living fewer years but also living fewer years in good health.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amaia Portugal
a.portugal@elhuyar.com
34-943-363-040
Elhuyar Fundazioa
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Heuer M.D. Research Announces CardiaShred™ - First Medical Doctor Formulated, Heart Healthy Weight Loss, Energy and Lean Muscle Building Supplement
2. New Health Product: Adaptogen Blend by Longevity Herbs May Help the Body Cope With Stress
3. UCLA School of Dentistry gets $5M from NIH to train future leaders in oral health research
4. Spanking Batters Kids Mental Health: Study
5. Supreme Court Ruling Sets Stage for Full Rollout of Health-Care Reform Law
6. Analysis of KRYSTEXXA phase III data demonstrates improved health-related quality of life and physical function in refractory chronic gout patients
7. Coral Calcium Company Announces New Offer Amidst Supreme Court Healthcare Decisions
8. Maintain Heart Health During Summer
9. Better Health Osteopathic & Integrative Medicine Centre Provides Health Education and Care
10. Spending on childrens health rising faster than adults over past 4 years, says report
11. Dr. Prabhat Jha, global health researcher, appointed to Order of Canada
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/30/2016)... ... May 30, 2016 , ... Zane ... the publication of an original infographic, " Health Benefits Reimbursement Compliance Timeline ." ... how Zane Benefits complies with various federal regulations and reforms. , Navigating the ...
(Date:5/29/2016)... ... May 29, 2016 , ... Whole Health Supply is happy to announce the ... available via Amazon.com. This new style of nail clipper has a wider jaw opening ... approximately 4mm and the actual handle is 2.5mm thick to accommodate the cutting force. ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... SuperCloset is proud to officially launch our ... to day issues, struggles and obstacles veterans’ need to overcome in order to face ... active or retired military veteran(s) with a donated SuperCloset product based on the needs ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... After a year and a half of planning the ... event. The Multiple Pathways of Recovery Conference was held May 2 -4, 2016 at ... the United Kingdom came together to explore the many pathways individuals use to get into ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... Southland ... line of classic American timber frame barn kits, which can be found on its ... inspired by historic American barn plans, and they highlight the craftsmanship of timber post ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... the necessity of health literacy within the technology advancement of diagnostic imaging. According to a ... majority of oncology patients undergo imaging screenings without understanding the nuanced risks associated with ... ... ... Diagnostic Imaging Ampronix ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 ... innovative biopharmaceutical company focused on late-stage drug development, ... Dexcel Pharma of pivotal batches required for ... Drug Administration (FDA). This follows Kitov,s announcement ... III trial successfully met its primary efficacy endpoint. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 ... market growth is the emergence of new treatments. Cardax, ... therapies for osteoarthritis treatment. The therapy is expected to ... Arthritis Research UK is conducting studies to develop new ... study, where the genes involved in osteoarthritis are being ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: