Navigation Links
Health Care Disparities Might Affect Black Kids' Cancer Survival

TUESDAY, May 1 (HealthDay News) -- Equal access to health care would reduce the disparity in survival rates between white and black children with cancer, a new study suggests.

Researchers from St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn., found that access to clinical trials and more expensive treatments, such as bone marrow transplants, helped improve outcomes for children with cancer regardless of their ability to pay. This was particularly true, they noted, for those with advanced or complex forms of cancer.

In conducting the study, researchers compared the outcomes of more than 4,000 St. Jude patients and nearly 24,000 pediatric patients treated at various U.S. medical centers for 19 different forms of cancer. Of the St. Jude patients, 19 percent were black and about 75 percent were white. Of the patients treated at various U.S. hospitals, about 10 percent were black and about 58 percent were white.

Among the children treated at St. Jude, the study found almost no difference in survival rates between white and black patients for nearly all cancers during a 15-year period. During this time, the study authors pointed out, the nation's overall five-year pediatric cancer survival rate surpassed 80 percent due to medical advancements.

Only children who had some rare types of cancer and advanced forms of the disease when treatment began did not have improved outcomes, the investigators noted.

In contrast, the study, which was published in the April 30 online edition of the Journal of Clinical Oncology, showed that many black children across the United States are not benefiting from the progress that has been made in pediatric cancer treatment.

The study revealed that these children had significantly worse outcomes than white patients with the same type of cancer. Although the gap in survival rates for patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and Hodgkin lymphoma narrowed during the 15-year study, the gap widened for children with acute myeloid leukemia and neuroblastoma, a tumor of the nervous system.

"These findings flow directly from [St. Jude founder] Danny Thomas's strong view that to conquer childhood cancer, treatment must be equally available across all racial and ethnic groups, which has been the case at St. Jude since [Thomas] opened the doors in 1962," Dr. William Evans, the study's co-author and St. Jude's CEO, said in a hospital news release.

The study authors said that equal access to care is vital to improve survival rates for children with cancer.

"This study shows that with outstanding medical care and psychosocial support, [black] patients should not necessarily fare worse than white patients," the study's lead author, Dr. Ching-Hon Pui, chairman of the St. Jude department of oncology, said in the news release.

More information

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has more about racial disparities in health care.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, news release, April 30, 2012

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Carolinas HealthCare System Volunteers to Join Navy Rescue Mission in Haiti
2. SXC Health Solutions to Host Fiscal 2009 Fourth Quarter and Year End Results Conference Call
3. A New Website Series Improves Appearance and Health City by City
4. Diet-to-Go Welcomes 2 Key Philadelphia Fitness Centers as Partners-in-Health
5. Quantum Health Appoints Stark as Executive Vice President of Sales
6. New Report: The Internet Has More Influence Over Consumer Health Actions than Traditional DTC Channels
7. Satellite Healthcares Sheila Doss Elected Western Chapters Coordinator-Elect of the American Nephrology Nurses Association
8. Changing the Course of Kids Health
9. Mental Health America Encourages Journalists, Media Professionals to Submit Entries for 2010 Media Awards
10. Idaho House Moves State Closer to Health Care Disaster
11. UNT Health Science Centers Roby Helps Identify Bodies of Chiles Patio 29
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Health Care Disparities Might Affect Black Kids' Cancer Survival
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... ... It’s official: Tattoo taboo is a thing of the past. One in ... whopping one in three aged 18 to 25 is inked). As tattoos transition to ... In fact, RealSelf , the world’s largest community for learning and sharing information ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... The workstation ... lifted as IMAGE Information Systems launches MED-TAB™ -- the world’s first portable DICOM-calibrated ... from November 29 to December 4, 2015. , MED-TAB is expected to ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Diabetic foot wounds are ... are well aware that psychology-based patient non-compliance (disobedience of a health care provider’s ... diseases of the diabetic foot. The American Board of Multiple Specialties in ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... The importance ... imaging is the focus of numerous abstracts accepted for presentation here, at the ... Nine abstracts highlight the use of Volpara Solutions’ quantitative breast imaging software ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... For many X-rays ... film for accurate interpretation by the radiologist. The marking utensils are so small, ... Calif., has found a way to alleviate this problem. , He developed the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... , Dec. 1, 2015  The migration to ... develop shared care plans that help patients stay ... plans will be digitally enabled, incorporate care guidelines ... and desires. They will also allow all stakeholders ... health journey is optimal. That is the vision, ...
(Date:12/1/2015)...  Booth #3506 – Claymount is featuring its full line ... the Radiological Society of North America ... in the Netherlands , Claymount is part ... VAR ) and is one of the world,s leading ... automatic exposure control systems for controlling dose during medical X-ray ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... -- ) has announced ... Emergency Response System (PERS) Market by Type, by ... report to their offering. --> ... "Medical Alert Systems/Personal Emergency Response System (PERS) Market ... Global Forecas" report to their offering. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: