Navigation Links
Healing a shoulder separation
Date:4/1/2009

ROSEMONT, ILWhile low-level shoulder separations can commonly be treated nonsurgically and high-level injuries often require surgery, a literature review published in the April 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS) finds that many surgeons still disagree on the best course of treatment for those injuries that fall in between.

  • Shoulder separations, clinically known as acromioclavicular joint injuries, represent nearly half of all athletic shoulder injuries.
  • These injuries result from a fall onto the tip of the shoulder with the arm tucked in toward the body.

"Shoulder separation" is not a truly accurate term for this type of injury, which is not a separation of the shoulder joint itself, but rather a disruption or dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint (also called the AC joint), where the collarbone (clavicle) meets the highest point of the shoulder blade (acromion).

If the force of the fall is severe enough, the ligaments attaching to the underside of the clavicle may also be torn. The severity or "type" of injury is classified by the amount and direction of joint separation seen on x-rays. If the underside of the clavicle is torn, it is referred to as a major injury. Signs and symptoms of AC joint injuries range from a minor deformity and mild pain, to a very painful, severe deformity. However, even more serious separations can often be treated successfully with proper attention.

"AC joint injuries are not benign and should not be ignored," says Ryan Simovitch, MD, orthopaedic surgeon specializing in the shoulder, Palm Beach Orthopaedic Institute, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida. "Nonsurgical treatment does not mean you can neglect the injury. Many patients who follow appropriate treatment and a rehabilitation program can have clinical success without surgery. At the same time, surgery has an important role in high grade injuries."

Nonsurgical options which help treat the injury and manage pain for minor sprains (clinically called type I and II AC joint injuries) of the shoulder ligaments include:

  • slings
  • cold packs
  • over-the-counter pain and anti-inflammatory medications

Sometimes, other types of supports may be used to help lessen AC joint motion and reduce pain. Surgery is almost always recommended for major or high level injuries (also called type IV, V, and VI injuries), as well as less serious injuries that do not respond to nonsurgical treatment. Both surgical and nonsurgical types of treatment must include rehabilitation to restore and rebuild the patient's motion, strength, and flexibility.

The treatment of the mid level injuries (type III) remains controversial, with nonsurgical treatment favored in most instances and surgical reconstruction of the acromioclavicular joint reserved for cases in which the joint demonstrates persistent instability.

"Nearly 50 years after the initial papers describing type III acromioclavicular joint injuries, there is still a lack of consensus on the best treatment for them," Simovitch says. "So far, most studies do not show a significant difference in outcomes between nonsurgically and surgically treated patients with this type of injury. Also, while most orthopaedic surgeons agree that type IV and higher injuries should be treated surgically, we haven't reached a consensus on which surgical technique is best. Over the years, however, arthroscopic and open treatment options for AC joint reconstruction have made significant advances."

Although the issue has not been fully researched, the study authors suggest that certain patients with Type III injuries, such as heavy laborers and athletes who perform frequent overhead motions, might benefit more from surgical reconstruction.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lauren Pearson
lpearson@aaos.org
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Swelling After Knee Injury May Hinder Healing
2. Data from Patient Subsets of e-HEALING, a Worldwide Registry, Support Use of OrbusNeichs Genous(TM) Bio-Engineered R Stent(TM) as Alternative to Drug- Eluting Stents
3. Retired NYPD Lieutenants William E. Keegan, Jr., Owen McCaffery and John Moran and Tom Thees, a former COO in the financial industry, announce today the formation of H.E.A.R.T (Healing Emergency Aid Response Team) 911.
4. Cleveland Clinic Press Releases Journal-Writing Book Write for Life: Healing Body, Mind, and Spirit Through Journal Writing by Sheppard B. Kominars, Ph.D.
5. LOreal Paris Celebrates Ten Years of Hope and Healing
6. Newer Antibiotic Speeds TB Healing
7. The Well Life Center in Mesa Unveils The 10 Healing Secrets to Health & Longevity Lecture. Proceeds Benefit The Arizona Special Olympics
8. PEAK Surgical Announces Positive Surgical Incision Wound Healing Results With the PEAK PlasmaBlade(TM)
9. The Well Life Center in Mesa Continues The 10 Healing Secrets to Health & Longevity Lecture. Proceeds Benefit The Arizona Special Olympics
10. The Healing Power of Green
11. New Yorkers Deserve Access to Spiritually Based Healing
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Healing a shoulder separation
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... athletes and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as ... City area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those who have experienced ... feelings, many turn to unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol abuse, as a ... has released tools for healthy coping following a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Global law ... magazine’s 2016 Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this recognition are ... , Seven Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this year’s Legal ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the ... Genome magazine’s Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients and their families ... to be presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Strategic Capital Partners, LLC (SCP) in ... investment capital for emerging technology companies. SCP has delivered investment events and ... more than a million dollars of capital investment for five companies. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... 26, 2016 Story Highlights: ... models within the health care industry is causing providers ... , Deloitte offers a suite of solutions for ... impacting efficient cost optimization: labor resource analysis, revenue cycle ... facilitate better outcomes and better economics ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... CAMBRIDGE, Mass. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... the Spaulding Rehabilitation Network,s Dean Center for ... of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, MIT Hacking Medicine, ... Center for Innovation, today announced the five finalists ... Hackathon for Lyme disease.  More than 100 scientists, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: DHRM ) ... medical devices and wearable sleep respiratory products in ... with Hongyuan Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred ... to develop Dehaier,s new Internet medical technology business. ... Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales platform to reach Dehaier,s dealers ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: