Navigation Links
Having authoritarian parents increases the risk of drug use in adolescents
Date:6/11/2014

Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use is very widespread among youths in Spain compared to the majority of European countries, according to the latest data from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

An international team, led by the European Institute of Studies on Prevention (IREFREA) with headquarters in Mallorca, together with other European and Spanish universities (Oviedo, Santiago de Compostela and Valencia), has analysed the role that parents play at the time of determining the risk of their children using alcohol, tobacco and cannabis in six European countries: Sweden, the United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, Slovenia and the Czech Republic.

The objective was to clarify the type of parent-child relationship that best protects children from taking drugs, using two variables: parental control and affection.

"Our results support the idea that extremes are not effective: neither authoritarianism nor absence of control and affection. A good relationship with children works well. In this respect, it can go hand in hand with direct control (known as 'authoritative' or democratic style) or not (style wrongly called 'indulgent')," Amador Calafat, main author of the study published in the journal 'Drug and Alcohol Dependence', declared to SINC.

Four family styles according to their relationship with their children

Classification of families is the result of combining the behaviours adopted by various degrees of demand and responsibility. On the one hand, the authoritative model includes families that "give clear rules and affectionately and flexibly reason with the children when asking for their compliance".

The authoritarian model coincides with the authoritative model in that both are demanding and controlling, but it differs in that mothers and fathers show less affection.

On the other hand, the fathers and mothers of the neglectful and indulgent models are characterised by their low level of control; however, the former are "scarcely affectionate" and the latter are "very emotional".

The results of the study, which coincide throughout Europe, indicate that the indulgent and authoritative models are those that work best, both for substance use and in personal disorders. "For self-esteem and school performance, it is still better when parents operate with the indulgent style," Calafat continued.

"This study allows a focus and common discussion in Europe in drug use prevention programmes," added the researcher. The results contrast with previous studies conducted in other cultural settings, where parental demand is "recommended" (mostly English-speakers from the USA) or "essential" (Asian cultures).

In total, 7,718 adolescents (3,774 males and 3,944 females), aged between 11 and 19, were interviewed. "From a global personal health perspective, the 'authoritative' and 'indulgent' parental styles equally protect against the use of drugs," Calafat said.

Until now, this last observation was exclusively associated with Mediterranean and South American countries. "However we also see that it is valid for many European countries," added the IREFREA researcher.


'/>"/>

Contact: SINC
info@agenciasinc.es
34-914-251-820
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Having children is contagious among high school friends during early adulthood
2. Having a sense of purpose may add years to your life
3. Having eczema may reduce your risk of skin cancer
4. Online Insurance Marketplace Presents 5 Advantages of Having 30 Year Term Life Insurance!
5. IBWA Video Highlights Importance of Having Bottled Water as a Choice
6. Remote Accountant, LLC. Announces Increased Small Business Sustainability and Cost Savings using a Remote National Accounting Firm when Having to Move Locations
7. Diet Doc Hormone Diets & Weight Loss Plans Now Offer Their Best Diet Pills to Quickly Burn Fat Without Having to Follow a Liquid Diet
8. TheBeautyPlace.com Dishes the Secret to Having the Holiday Hair That’s Fancied
9. Diet Doc Hormone Diets & Weight Loss Plans Announce New Fat Burning Food Recipes so Patients Lose Weight Fast Without Having to Visit Embarrassing Weight Loss Clinics
10. Having No Time for Your Loved Ones Because Of Your Work? Relationship Expert Talks about the Top Regrets of Working Professional
11. Shaving Tips for Men Now Includes Dollar Shave Club Price Drop at Cherry News
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Having authoritarian parents increases the risk of drug use in adolescents
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... Lowe is a popular actor that has been in many different movies and television ... host of the “Informed” series. The program focuses on many important issues that society ... thyroid cancer. , Although thyroid cancer is an uncommon type of cancer, people still ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Incentive Research Foundation is pleased to ... a groundbreaking analysis of how behavioral economics can be applied to the incentive, ... programs, the report highlights proven behavioral economics approaches and the powerful role emotions ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Last night, Christine Collins ... the Year for her extraordinary compassion and lifelong dedication to serve others. Since ... caregivers for the prestigious award each year – identifying a CAREGiver who has ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... GA (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2017 , ... Are ... a tragic spike in water-related accidents and drownings during the summer. While most of ... is that these situations occur every day. Very few people are taking the time ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... Kansas (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... for adults. It can have severe consequences to overall dental health, including complications with ... people often turn to dental implants to replace lost teeth. As the number of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)...  CVS Pharmacy, the retail division of CVS ... design to enhance the retail customer experience with ... and expanded beauty selections paired with informational signage ... offerings. Together with its innovative digital programs, these ... experience at CVS Pharmacy.  "Pharmacy ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Market Share, Application Analysis, Regional Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, ... their offering. ... pharmacogenomics market was valued at US$ 7,167.6 Mn in 2015, ... expanding at a CAGR of 5.6% from 2016 to 2024. ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... Market Analysis By Service (Manufacturing, Research), By Country, (Brazil, Mexico, ... report to their offering. ... The Latin American pharmaceutical contract manufacturing services market ... Low drug registration cost in Latin American countries and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: