Navigation Links
Having Less Power Impairs the Mind and Ability to Get Ahead, Study Shows
Date:5/15/2008

EVANSTON, Ill., May 15 /PRNewswire/ -- New research appearing in the May issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggests that being put in a low-power role may impair a person's basic cognitive functioning and thus, their ability to get ahead.

In their article, Pamela Smith of Radboud University Nijmegen, and colleagues Nils B. Jostmann of VU University Amsterdam, Adam Galinsky of the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and Wilco W. van Dijk of VU University Amsterdam, focus on a set of cognitive processes called executive functions. Executive functions help people maintain and pursue their goals in difficult, distracting situations. The researchers found that lacking power impaired people's ability to keep track of ever-changing information, to parse out irrelevant information, and to successfully plan ahead to achieve their goals.

In one experiment, the participants completed a Stroop task, a common psychological test designed to exercise executive functions. Participants who had earlier been randomly assigned to a low-power group made more errors in the Stroop task than those who had been assigned to a high-power group. Smith and colleagues also found that these results were not due to low-power people being less motivated or putting in less effort. Instead, those lacking in power had difficulty maintaining a focus on their current goal.

In another experiment, participants were asked to move an arrangement of disks from a start position to a final position in as few moves as possible, known to researchers as the Tower-of-Hanoi task. This task tests the more complex ability of planning. In some trials there was a catch: participants had to move the first disk in a direction that was opposite to its final position. Low power participants made more errors and required more moves on these trials, demonstrating poor planning.

Smith and colleagues believe their results have "direct implications for management and organizations." In high-risk industries such as health care, a single employee error can have fatal consequences. Empowering these employees could reduce the likelihood of such errors. Additionally, their work illustrates how hierarchies perpetuate themselves. By randomly assigning individuals to high and low-power conditions, they demonstrate that simply lacking power can automatically lead to performance that reinforces one's low standing, sending the powerless towards a destiny of dispossession.

To read the full published article or speak with Kellogg School of Management professor Adam Galinsky, e-mail Meg Washburn at m-washburn@kellogg.northwestern.edu.

To learn more about the Association of Psychological Science, visit http://www.psychologicalscience.org.

To learn more about the Kellogg School of Management, visit http://www.kellogg.northwestern.edu.

MEDIA CONTACTS:

Meg Washburn Evan Miller

Kellogg School of Management Manning Selvage & Lee

Office: 847-491-5446 Office: 312-861-5226

Mobile: 773-848-4461 Mobile: 847-373-9974

m-washburn@kellogg.northwestern.edu evan.miller@mslpr.com


'/>"/>
SOURCE Kellogg School of Management
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. US unemployment having impact on kids health-care coverage -- and that puts their health at risk
2. U.S. Unemployment Having Impact on Kids Health Care Coverage - and That Puts Their Health at Risk
3. Who is Your RD? To Mark First Registered Dietitian Day, American Dietetic Association Urges Everyone to Start Having an Annual Nutrition Checkup
4. Leading National Patient Advocacy Group Delivers Warning to U.S. Patients: Having Health Insurance Does NOT Mean Your Medical Needs Will Be Covered
5. Teens find the benefits of not having sex decline with age
6. Having Boys as Friends Can Boost Young Girls Drinking Risk
7. Having Twin Sister Boosts Mens Anorexia Risk
8. Nine Questions to Help You Protect Your Heart Before Having Surgery
9. Having Lots of Kids Helps Dads Live to 100
10. Overweight mothers run greater risk of having hyperactive children
11. New Survey Finds that over Half of MRSA Patients Report Having Received No Information about the Disease from Health Care Providers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... W.S. Badger Co. Inc ., the maker of certified ... Work Works Award for its use of effective workplace strategies to increase business and ... administered by the Families and Work Institute (FWI) and the Society for Human Resource ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Chicago, Illinois (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... relationship with women’s basketball as a partner for the Tamika Catchings Legacy Tour ... , As the industry leader in hardwood basketball surfaces in all forms and levels ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are nearly 14.5 million people ... cancer survivors worldwide. On Sunday, June 5, 2016, communities around the world will gather ... Day®. , National Cancer Survivors Day® is an annual worldwide Celebration of Life ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... , ... An April Gallup survey found rising health care costs to be ... Health Senior Living (SHSL) may not share those same worries thanks to a ... the year, while holding the line on increasing their contributions, including premiums, deductibles and ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... provider of comprehensive treatment for eating disorders, is opening a brand new child ... provide individuals ages 8-17 and their families with even more specialized eating disorder ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... as senior vice president of sales, announced Andrea Heslin Smiley , VMS president ... business development and sales team, exploring new opportunities for VMS to empower patients and ... ... ... ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 ... Education in Clinical Neurophysiology  Elsevier , ... products and services, today announced the launch of ... open access journal that focuses on clinical practice issues ... case reports, clinical series, normal values and didactic reviews. ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 Global ... 163 pages, profiles 12 companies and the Paclitaxel analysis ... figures on the industry and its players. ... comprehensive in nature, details the current state of the ... including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: