Navigation Links
Having Less Power Impairs the Mind and Ability to Get Ahead, Study Shows
Date:5/15/2008

EVANSTON, Ill., May 15 /PRNewswire/ -- New research appearing in the May issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggests that being put in a low-power role may impair a person's basic cognitive functioning and thus, their ability to get ahead.

In their article, Pamela Smith of Radboud University Nijmegen, and colleagues Nils B. Jostmann of VU University Amsterdam, Adam Galinsky of the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and Wilco W. van Dijk of VU University Amsterdam, focus on a set of cognitive processes called executive functions. Executive functions help people maintain and pursue their goals in difficult, distracting situations. The researchers found that lacking power impaired people's ability to keep track of ever-changing information, to parse out irrelevant information, and to successfully plan ahead to achieve their goals.

In one experiment, the participants completed a Stroop task, a common psychological test designed to exercise executive functions. Participants who had earlier been randomly assigned to a low-power group made more errors in the Stroop task than those who had been assigned to a high-power group. Smith and colleagues also found that these results were not due to low-power people being less motivated or putting in less effort. Instead, those lacking in power had difficulty maintaining a focus on their current goal.

In another experiment, participants were asked to move an arrangement of disks from a start position to a final position in as few moves as possible, known to researchers as the Tower-of-Hanoi task. This task tests the more complex ability of planning. In some trials there was a catch: participants had to move the first disk in a direction that was opposite to its final position. Low power participants made more errors and required more moves on these trials, demonstrating poor planning.

Smith and colleagues believe their results have "direct implications for management and organizations." In high-risk industries such as health care, a single employee error can have fatal consequences. Empowering these employees could reduce the likelihood of such errors. Additionally, their work illustrates how hierarchies perpetuate themselves. By randomly assigning individuals to high and low-power conditions, they demonstrate that simply lacking power can automatically lead to performance that reinforces one's low standing, sending the powerless towards a destiny of dispossession.

To read the full published article or speak with Kellogg School of Management professor Adam Galinsky, e-mail Meg Washburn at m-washburn@kellogg.northwestern.edu.

To learn more about the Association of Psychological Science, visit http://www.psychologicalscience.org.

To learn more about the Kellogg School of Management, visit http://www.kellogg.northwestern.edu.

MEDIA CONTACTS:

Meg Washburn Evan Miller

Kellogg School of Management Manning Selvage & Lee

Office: 847-491-5446 Office: 312-861-5226

Mobile: 773-848-4461 Mobile: 847-373-9974

m-washburn@kellogg.northwestern.edu evan.miller@mslpr.com


'/>"/>
SOURCE Kellogg School of Management
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. US unemployment having impact on kids health-care coverage -- and that puts their health at risk
2. U.S. Unemployment Having Impact on Kids Health Care Coverage - and That Puts Their Health at Risk
3. Who is Your RD? To Mark First Registered Dietitian Day, American Dietetic Association Urges Everyone to Start Having an Annual Nutrition Checkup
4. Leading National Patient Advocacy Group Delivers Warning to U.S. Patients: Having Health Insurance Does NOT Mean Your Medical Needs Will Be Covered
5. Teens find the benefits of not having sex decline with age
6. Having Boys as Friends Can Boost Young Girls Drinking Risk
7. Having Twin Sister Boosts Mens Anorexia Risk
8. Nine Questions to Help You Protect Your Heart Before Having Surgery
9. Having Lots of Kids Helps Dads Live to 100
10. Overweight mothers run greater risk of having hyperactive children
11. New Survey Finds that over Half of MRSA Patients Report Having Received No Information about the Disease from Health Care Providers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for ... is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits of ... of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in disappointment, perhaps even ... progress toward their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com reveals that behind ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Marne, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... To deal with these feelings, many turn to unhealthy avenues, such as drug or ... Center of Marne, Michigan, has released tools for healthy coping following a traumatic event. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of control. Prone to ... , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. “If there ... my other children and say he was going to kill them. If we were ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 Florida attorneys are recognized ... this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of lawyers practicing within the ... this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders Mark D. Bloom, Burt ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dublin ... of the " Global Markets for Spectroscopy Equipment" ... This report focuses on the global ... including its applications in various applications. The report deals ... three main industries: pharmaceutical and biotechnology, food and beverage, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to their offering. ... World Market for Companion Diagnostics covers the world market for ... report includes the following: , World IVD ... (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 , World IVD Companion ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016  MedSource announced ... as its e-clinical software solution of choice.  This ... best possible value to their clients by offering ... The preferred relationship establishes nowEDC as the EDC ... for MedSource,s full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long been ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: