Navigation Links
HIV vaccine regimen demonstrates modest preventive effect in Thailand clinical study
Date:9/24/2009

In an encouraging development, an investigational vaccine regimen has been shown to be well-tolerated and to have a modest effect in preventing HIV infection in a clinical trial involving more than 16,000 adult participants in Thailand. Following a final analysis of the trial data, the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army, the trial sponsor, announced today that the prime-boost investigational vaccine regimen was safe and 31 percent effective in preventing HIV infection.

"These new findings represent an important step forward in HIV vaccine research," says Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the NIH, which provided major funding and other support for the study. "For the first time, an investigational HIV vaccine has demonstrated some ability to prevent HIV infection among vaccinated individuals. Additional research is needed to better understand how this vaccine regimen reduced the risk of HIV infection, but certainly this is an encouraging advance for the HIV vaccine field.

"We thank the trial staff in Thailand and the United States for their years of effort in successfully conducting this study and the study participants and the people of Thailand for their long-standing support of HIV vaccine research," Dr. Fauci adds.

The Thai Phase III HIV vaccine study, also known as RV144, opened in October 2003. The placebo-controlled trial tested the safety and effectiveness of a prime-boost regimen of two vaccines: ALVAC-HIV vaccine (the primer dose), a modified canarypox vaccine developed by Sanofi Pasteur, based in Lyon, France, and AIDSVAX B/E vaccine (the booster dose), a glycoprotein 120 vaccine developed by Vaxgen Inc., and now licensed to Global Solutions for Infectious Diseases (GSID), based in South San Francisco, Calif. The vaccines are based on the subtype B and E HIV strains that commonly circulate in Thailand. The subtype B HIV strain is the one most commonly found in the United States.

Led by principal investigator Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, M.D., of the Thai Ministry of Public Health's Department of Disease Control, the study was sponsored by the U.S. Army in collaboration with NIAID, Sanofi Pasteur and GSID. The trial, conducted in the Rayong and Chon Buri provinces of Thailand, enrolled 16,402 men and women ages 18 to 30 years old at various levels of risk for HIV infection. Study participants received the ALVAC HIV vaccine or placebo at enrollment and again after 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. The AIDSVAX B/E vaccine or placebo was given to participants at 3 and 6 months. Participants were tested for HIV infection every 6 months for 3 years. During each clinic visit, they were counseled on how to avoid becoming infected with HIV.

In the final analysis, 74 of 8,198 placebo recipients became infected with HIV compared with 51 of 8,197 participants who received the vaccine regimen. This level of effectiveness in preventing HIV infection was found to be statistically significant. The vaccine regimen had no effect, however, on the amount of virus in the blood of volunteers who acquired HIV infection during the study.

"The Thai study demonstrates why the HIV vaccine field must take a balanced approach to conducting both the basic research needed to discover and design new HIV vaccines and, when appropriate, testing candidate vaccines in people," says Margaret I. Johnston, Ph.D., director of NIAID's Vaccine Research Program within the Division of AIDS. "Both avenues provide critical information that will continue to help us better understand what is needed to develop a fully protective HIV vaccine."

NIAID and the collaborating partners are working with other scientific experts to determine next steps, including additional research of the RV144 vaccine regimen and the need to consider the impact of these new findings on other HIV vaccine candidates.

Individuals who acquired HIV infection while participating in the Thai trial have been provided access to HIV care and treatment, including highly active antiretroviral therapy based on the guidelines of the Thai Ministry of Public Health.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kathy Stover
stoverk@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. DNA vaccine against multiple sclerosis appears safe, potentially beneficial
2. HPV vaccine does not appear to be effective for treating pre-existing HPV infection
3. Vaccine Stops Alzheimers Brain Tangles
4. Human Papilloma Virus vaccines may decrease chances of oral cancer
5. U.S. Teens Fall Short on Vaccine Coverage
6. Nasal Anthrax Vaccine Proves Effective in Animal Study
7. Hot ice, measuring depression, perfect invisibility and flu vaccine incentives
8. Bioniche Receives $2 Million Government Grant For Market Development Related to its E. coli O157:H7 Cattle Vaccine
9. Iomai Patch-Based Vaccine Cut Rate of Travelers Diarrhea by 75 Percent in Phase 2 Field Study
10. FDA approves expanded label for FluMist (influenza virus vaccine live, intranasal) to include childr
11. MedImmune Licenses Reverse Genetics Technology to GlaxoSmithKline for Use in Influenza Vaccine Development and Production
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... February 13, 2016 , ... Valentine’s Day is nearly upon us, ... big day. A great outfit, flawless hair, and a sparkling personality are all well ... themselves to a night at home with Rover. (Actually, man’s best friend might not ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... ... individuals looking to lead a healthy lifestyle have decreased carbohydrate consumption and increased their ... delved into this niche allowing those giving up their beloved pasta a chance to ... of protein and only 7 grams of carbohydrates per 50 gram serving--a ratio that ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... February 13, 2016 , ... The producers of Enterprises TV ... , The increasingly modern world of instantaneous consumption proves very convenient for businesses. ... such as oil and coal, which pollutes our air, water, and soil. It can ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... 13, 2016 , ... Christie Medical Holdings, Inc. presented the ... VeinViewer® Vision vein finder for the nursing school simulation lab. This ... draw blood, combining technology with traditional technique. , “VeinViewer is a wonderful new ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... Montreal, Canada (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... ... best foot forward. They’ll groom themselves to perfection, go out of their way to ... their date – just take a look at any online dating profile. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... February 12, 2016 ... titled Chronic Inflammation Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, ... the global clinical trials landscape along with top ... Region, Country (G7 & E7), Trial Status, Trial ... reviews top companies involved and enlists all trials ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Feb. 11, 2016 Laboratory glassware ... in laboratories. These may range from microscope slides to ... is made from borosilicate glass because of its low ... the other hand, started gaining popularity over the past ... to replace glass with plastic in several applications due ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016 Potrero Medical, Inc., the developer of the ... appointment of George M. Rapier, III , MD, to ... , WellMed is one of the nation,s largest physician ... members in Texas and ... his own internal medicine practice, he has been instrumental to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: