Navigation Links
HIV shifting from most to least educated in sub-Saharan Africa
Date:1/15/2008

HIV infections appear to be concentrating among the least educated people in Africa, reversing previous patterns which saw higher levels of infection among the most educated, according to a study published today in the journal AIDS.

A team led by Dr. James Hargreaves of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) sought to assess whether the profile of people infected with HIV is changing over time in sub-Saharan Africa.

HIV has spread rapidly in Africa, the worlds poorest region, and is widely characterised as a disease of poverty. However, the situation is more complex than this. In 2001, an LSHTM team, also led by Dr. Hargreaves, found that before 1996, individuals with the highest levels of education were often more likely to be infected with HIV than less educated people, perhaps because they were wealthier, more mobile and had broader networks of sexual partners.

The new article updates this work and draws a different conclusion. The LSHTM team screened over 4000 research papers to identify relevant data collected all around the world, eventually identifying 36 studies conducted in 11 countries between 1987 and 2003 representing data on over 200,000 individuals.

They found that in data from after 1996 more studies found a lower risk of HIV infection among the most educated. Where data over time were available from the same place, HIV prevalence fell more consistently among highly educated groups than among less educated groups. HIV prevalence sometimes rose among the less educated even while it fell among the overall population.

Dr. Hargreaves comments: At the time of our initial review, we speculated that, as HIV education campaigns developed in sub-Saharan Africa, the most educated, empowered members of society would be the first to adopt protective behaviours such as reducing numbers of partners and using condoms. And since HIV campaigns are often delivered within schools, we also speculated that those who stayed in school longer might be exposed to more health education messages and as a result adopt protective behaviours. We predicted that, in the absence of effective interventions that engaged the least educated, HIV would, over time, increasingly become concentrated in this group.

These results are partly good news. They confirm that HIV prevalence is falling, sometimes quite steeply, in some groups of people. This is probably at least partly because of the global response to the epidemic so far. But our new study also indicates that our fears were justified: HIV is increasingly becoming concentrated among the most vulnerable members of society. We conclude that more needs to be done to encourage educational achievement across the whole of society if we are to stem the tide of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lindsay Wright
lindsay.wright@lshtm.ac.uk
020-792-72073
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. AUDIO from Medialink and GlaxoSmithKline: Shifting Your Focus for a Lighter, Healthier New Year
2. Shape Shifting on Veterans Day
3. Psychiatrists: Least religious but most interested in patients religion
4. Caffeine Survey Reveals Most, Least Caffeinated Cities
5. Psychiatrists are the least religious of all physicians
6. Dementia in More Educated Hits Later But Harder
7. Sub-Saharan Africa: the population emergency
8. The Reality of Pregnancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Author Shares Truth About Pregnancy in a Region Where 1 in 16 Women Die from Complications
9. Susan G. Komen for the Cures Circle of Promise and The Links, Incorporated Unite to Rewrite the Story on African Americans and Breast Cancer
10. Africa focuses on GMES
11. Cookie Johnson and Abbott Bring I Stand With Magic: Campaign to End Black AIDS to Los Angeles to Educate African-American Women on HIV/AIDS
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Vighter, a premier provider of Unconventional Medical ... PSC.1-2012. The company’s work in countries throughout Southwest Asia, South America, and the ... degraded. The PSC.1 standard was created to protect fundamental freedoms and human rights ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... services, announced today that Claritas Capital, a Nashville-based private equity firm, has invested ... our expansion plans for some time, and Claritas Capital offers the smart money, ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... After months of negotiations, FaceCradle USA is proud to ... on Wednesday, June 21. , “Introducing our product on QVC is something we all worked ... our travel pillow to more than 90 million homes in the United States,” said FaceCradle ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... , ... June 20, 2017 , ... Fresenius Vascular Care, ... minimally invasive techniques to treat and manage a wide range of vascular conditions, has ... initiative. With more than 65 centers represented by more than 40 local brands, a ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... HOUSTON – Brazos Towers at Bayou Manor ... of new options for today’s modern senior. Brazos Towers at Bayou Manor has more ... love while offering them the services to support that lifestyle both now and in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/12/2017)... , June 12, 2017 Kineta, Inc., a biotechnology ... Kineta Vice President of R&D and Head of ... Pandemic Preparedness for the Northwest and Beyond meeting ... on June 14, 2017 from 8:30-10:30 AM PDT at the ... Dr. Bedard will be joined by other ...
(Date:6/9/2017)... and INDIANAPOLIS , June 9, ... living with diabetes. In a further effort to help ... affected by this condition, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) ... ) have come together for the second phase of ... Systems programme (BRIDGES 2), reaffirming their commitment to helping ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... -- Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) ... Joseph R. Goodwin , U.S. District Court Judge for ... , entered a case management order in MDL 2325, ... Litigation (the "MDL") that includes a provision requiring plaintiffs ... on specific causation within one hundred twenty (120) days ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: