Navigation Links
HIV prevention measures must include behavioral strategies to work, says APA
Date:5/14/2012

WASHINGTON A drug that has been shown to prevent HIV infection in a significant number of cases must be combined with behavioral approaches if the U.S. health care establishment is to succeed in reducing the spread of the virus, according to the American Psychological Association.

"Exclusive reliance on a drug to prevent HIV or any sexually transmitted disease could actually result in a worse outcome if those at risk don't understand how their own behavior affects treatment," said Perry N. Halkitis, PhD, chair of APA's Committee on Psychology and AIDS. "We know that medical intervention depends on human behavior. The fact that only 28 percent of HIV-positive Americans in care achieve full viral suppression suggests very clearly that any medical intervention depends fully on behavioral as well as social and political factors."

A Food and Drug Administration panel recommended on May 10 that the FDA approve the drug Truvada to prevent HIV infection. APA has been monitoring the use of this and other drugs to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS. While heartened by the addition of Truvada to the treatment mix, APA believes HIV prevention treatment must include both medical and behavorial approaches in order to succeed. In February, APA passed a resolution emphasizing the need for prevention research that incorporates strategies to deal with mental health, and substance abuse issues, behavior change and adherence. Entitled "Combination Biomedical and Behavioral Approaches to Optimize HIV Prevention," the resolution calls upon Congress, the executive branch and other governmental and nongovernmental agencies to increase support for further research to identify and disseminate effective strategies to prevent and treat HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

"Truvada by itself is not a magic bullet," Halkitis said. "The research to date shows that individuals taking the drug have had challenges adhering to the need to take it every day. It's also important for anyone taking it as a preventive measure to continue to practice safe sex. These are all behaviors that need to be guided by multidisciplinary health care teams that include psychologists." APA President Suzanne Bennett Johnson, PhD, agreed, warning. "if people taking the drug are not fully adherent and then contract HIV, that could lead to drug resistance."

APA's resolution cites research that shows a combination of behavioral and biomedical approaches work best to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. It references a 2010 study that tested adherence to Truvada within a group of men at high risk for infection, which found that 91 percent of those who later tested positive for HIV showed no detectable levels of the drug in their bloodstream, meaning they were not taking the drug as prescribed.

The resolution also points out that drugs "may be out of reach for certain populations (e.g., human trafficking victims, sex workers, people living in poverty, children, etc.)." According to news reports, Truvada costs between $11,000 and $14,000 per year, making it inaccessible to many.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Mills
kmills@apa.org
202-336-6048
American Psychological Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Prevention Is Key Research Goal for Premature Babies, Scientists Say
2. Medical Nurse Training, Inc. Partners With Healthcare Companies to Develop Corporate Branded, Accredited Programs for Patient/Bed Safety and Fall Prevention/Protection
3. VIDEO from Medialink and AAFA: Asthma PSA Reinforces Prevention of Asthma Symptoms
4. Northern California Cancer Center Changes Name to Cancer Prevention Institute of California
5. Sacred Heart Medical Center Cited for Violation of Safety Standards in H1N1 Prevention
6. African-Americans attitudes about lung cancer may hinder prevention
7. AT&T Foundations $50,000 Donation to National Health Foundation Supports Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program
8. Bitrex Bitter Safety Additive Exhibiting at the Safe Kids Fair 2010; Making a Bitter Face to Learn about Poisoning Prevention
9. Medical Alert Systems Provider Announces Online Fall Detection and Prevention Tool
10. Study: Choice between stroke-prevention procedures influenced by patient age
11. National Kidney Month 2010: Stories of Hope About the Prevention and Maintenance of Kidney Disease from The Kidney TRUST
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... The doctors at Wall Centre Dental are ... dental fear and require sedation to receive dental care. The doctors offer three treatment ... from hygienic cleanings to oral surgery, at their dental office in Vancouver. Wall Centre ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... Back Pain Centers of America ... a reputable physician in their area, announces the launch of a new and proprietary ... who are looking for reputable physicians to help them with back or neck pain ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... There is no better place in South ... special report in the May issue of Consumer Reports focused on heart health. ... results achieved during and after coronary bypass and aortic valve replacement procedures. , ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... Michael Vick announced his ... the quarterback position. The former overall number one pick in the 2001 NFL Draft, ... He holds the record for the most career rushing yards by a quarterback (6,109) ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... The bar for just about everything—apparel, eyewear, cars ... rarified air of pop and film stardom.(1) Not to be left out is that ... Grins now run the gamut from being encrusted with jewels and precious metals to, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 Eyevensys, ... the first non-viral gene expression technology that enables the ... eye to address a wide range of ophthalmic diseases, ... and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to advance its ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The Mobile X-Ray product segment is the most ... the forecast period Mobile X-Ray segment is the ... X-Ray devices market, which is estimated to be valued at ... CAGR of 7% over the forecast period. Mobile X-Ray segment ... US$ 100 Mn in 2017 over 2016. The segment,s revenue ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017 The Global Effective Microorganisms ... 2022 report has covered and analysed the potential of Global ... market size, shares and growth factors. The report identifies and ... opportunities in the global market. ... Browse 152 Tables and Figures, 6 Major Company Profiles, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: