Navigation Links
HIV-associated lymphoma survival has not improved during the antiretroviral therapy era
Date:7/26/2013

Stable survival rates were observed for HIV-associated lymphoma patients during the antiretroviral therapy (ART) era in the US, according to a new study published July 26 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Studies have shown that HIV infection increases the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and that incidence for many lymphoma types has not decreased in the ART era. Furthermore, lymphoma is the most frequent cancer-related cause of death among HIV-infected persons. However, trends in presentation and survival have not been investigated among HIV-associated lymphoma patients in routine care since the beginning of the ART era.

Satish Gopal, M.D., M.P.H., from the Program in Global Oncology at the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center of the University of North Carolina, and colleagues compared differences in presentation and survival, across histologic subtypes and diagnosis years, among HIV-infected lymphoma patients. They also examined predictors of death in this population. Data from 476 HIV-associated lymphoma patients living in the US who were diagnosed with various types of lymphoma including HL, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), Burkitt lymphoma (BL), primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), and other types of NHL, between 1996 and 2010 were analyzed using various statistical methods.

Their results demonstrate that HIV-associated lymphoma is heterogeneous and changing since the ART era began. Clinical presentations across the different lymphoma subtypes was highly variable during the study period (79 HL, 201 DLBCL, 56 BL, 54 PCNSL, and 86 with other NHL). Histologic shifts in the proportion of BL vs other NHL subtypes is increasing consistent with other reports. Data showed that more recently diagnosed patients were older and more likely to be male, of nonwhite/nonblack ethnicity (primarily Latino patients), to be men who have sex with men, and to have prior AIDS-related illness. They were also more likely to be on ART at lymphoma diagnosis with higher CD4 counts and better HIV control. The authors also report that more recent diagnosis year was not associated with decreased mortality and that 61.6% of patients with HIV-associated HL were alive 5 years after lymphoma diagnosis, compared with 50.0% for BL, 44.1% for DLBCL, 43.3% for other NHL, and 22.8% for PCNSL. Of note, lymphomas occurring on ART were associated with a doubling of mortality, which may suggest important biologic differences between tumors developing on and off ART, although these results require confirmation.

Gopal and colleagues conclude, "These results highlight an ongoing need to elucidate lymphoma biology and optimize treatments for this challenging population to reduce deaths from one of the leading causes of mortality in the modern ART era."

In an accompanying editorial, Kieron Dunleavy, M.D., and Wyndham H. Wilson, M.D., Ph.D., from the Metabolism Branch of the Center for Cancer Research at the National Cancer Institute, state the findings reflect the shifting demographics of the HIV epidemic in the US. However, the shift towards more biologically favorable and curable types of lymphoma has not resulted in improved survival over the study period. They assert, "In conclusion, because HIV-associated lymphomas are potentially as curable as those arising in HIV-negative patients, it is critical that they be approached with the same care as HIV negative cases."


'/>"/>

Contact: Zachary Rathner
Zachary.Rathner@oup.com
919-677-2697
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Hope for patients with HIV-associated cognitive impairment
2. North Shore-LIJ Health System's Feinstein Institute to Receive $250,000 Grant from Lymphoma Research Foundation Grant to support research of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
3. Radioimmunotherapy deemed safe and effective for lymphoma patients
4. Ibrutinib continues strong showing against mantle cell lymphoma
5. Radioimmunotherapy could extend lives of advanced lymphoma patients
6. Mayo Clinic: Scheduled imaging studies provide little help detecting relapse of aggressive lymphoma
7. Researchers discover master regulator that drives majority of lymphoma
8. Searching for therapeutic synergy in primary effusion lymphoma
9. New Strategy Helps Young Lymphoma Patients Avoid Radiation Treatment
10. Singapore clinician-scientists identify new type of deadly lymphoma
11. Royal Flush Havanese's Facebook Page Hits 500 Likes Prompting Owner To Donate $500 To The Leukemia And Lymphoma Society
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... DevOps and Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center ... Purchase Agreement (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... now treating sleep apnea using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many ... sleep disorder characterized by frequent cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Bethesda, MD (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... Award of Excellence to Carol Friedman, PhD, FACMI, during the Opening Session of AMIA’s ... 4 – 8. , In honor of Morris F. Collen, a pioneer in the ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader in ... 2017 Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced ... 2017. , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Health Literacy Innovations (HLI), creator ... tool, and the Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN), an independent professional organization that ... new strategic alliance. , As CPEN’s strategic partner, HLI will help support ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)...  True Health, a leader in integrated diagnostics ... National Breast Cancer Awareness month to educate doctors ... Research recently published in ... than 10 million American women are at significant ... BRCA2 and have not had testing. These mutations can ...
(Date:10/7/2017)...   Provista, a proven leader in the ... purchasing power, today announced a new resource area on ... is the online home for case studies, articles ... news releases, slideshows and events. ... resources at their fingertips, viewers can also watch short ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Mass. , Oct. 4, 2017 ... of single-use, self-contained, illuminating medical devices, today announced ... National Health Surveillance Agency (or Agência Nacional de ... The first single-use, cordless surgical retractor with integrated ... provides optimal access, illumination and exposure of a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: