Navigation Links
HIV Prevention Pill Cost-Effective for High-Risk Men: Study
Date:4/17/2012

TUESDAY, April 17 (HealthDay News) -- A once-a-day pill to prevent HIV infection could significantly reduce the spread of the AIDS-causing virus, but would only be cost-effective if limited to men at very high risk for HIV infection, according to a new study.

Stanford University researchers created an economic model to analyze the use of the combination drug tenofovir-emtricitabine (brand name Truvada). A clinical trial found that the drug reduced a person's risk of HIV infection by an average of 44 percent when taken daily. In some people, the drug reduced the risk by 73 percent.

But the drug is expensive -- $26 a day, or $10,000 a year.

The economic model focused on men who have sex with men, a group that accounts for more than of the 56,000 new HIV infections a year in the United States, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The researchers found that giving the pill to all U.S. men who have sex with men would cost $495 billion over 20 years, compared to $85 billion if the pill was given only to gay men at particularly high risk for HIV infection -- those who have five or more sexual partners in a year.

Without the use of the anti-HIV pill, there would be more than 490,000 new HIV infections among gay men in the United States over the next 20 years. If 20 percent of men who have sex with men took the pill daily, there would be nearly 63,000 fewer infections over the next 20 years. If 20 percent of high-risk gay men took the pill, there would be 41,000 fewer infections over 20 years, the researchers said.

The study is in the April 17 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Giving the pill to high-risk gay men represents good value, according to study first author Jessie Juusola, a Ph.D. candidate in management science and engineering in the School of Engineering at Stanford University.

"However, even though it provides good value, it is still very expensive," she said in a university news release. "In the current health-care climate, (these) costs may become prohibitive, especially given the other competing priorities for HIV resources, such as providing treatment for infected individuals."

Cost could be significantly reduced if the pill is found to be effective when used intermittently rather than daily. Clinical trials are under way to assess the drug's effectiveness when it is used less often than once a day.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about HIV transmission.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Stanford University, news release, April 16, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Decision guide reduced uncertainty over breast cancer prevention, study finds
2. Report says new evidence could tip the balance in aspirin cancer prevention care
3. $4.2 million grant helps plan, launch first Alzheimers prevention trials
4. How cost effective are US cancer prevention services?
5. As Youth Baseball Season Nears, Experts Urge Injury Prevention
6. Stents and surgery for blocked neck arteries are neck-and-neck as lasting stroke prevention
7. March of Dimes launches Prematurity Prevention Network
8. Many strategies to increase physical activity for kids lack injury prevention measures
9. Revamping HIV-prevention programs in the Caribbean
10. Experts Urge Public Action to Aid Cancer Prevention
11. U.S. Diabetes Prevention Program Might Avert 885,000 Cases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... healthcare industry, ranked among the top five firms in the “2015/2016 Best in ... Implementation Support and Staffing. KLAS is a research and insights firm on a ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... FL (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... and advocates will discuss how to improve care by making data on heart ... heart disease. The Summit on Transparency and Public Reporting of Pediatric and Congenital ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... and Reconstructive Surgery, Dallas plastic surgeon , Dr. Rod J. Rohrich, and ... surgery . Dr. Rohrich outlines recommendations for rhinoplasty surgeons when addressing this vital ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... clinical decision support technology, with highly adaptable algorithms, has been updated to help ... has signs and symptoms consistent with Zikas and a travel history to affected ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... "What holds you ... Ray Clarke poses a question as a challenge for his readers to examine ... in the Being" (published by Partridge Singapore), Clarke explores the subject with more ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... Feb. 11, 2016   Health 2.0 , the ... health technologies, announced today " 10 Year Global Retrospective ... tech over the past ten years.   ... decade, Health 2.0 has served as the preeminent thought-leader ... with thousands of technologies, companies, innovators, and patient-activists through ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  AfterPill.com is reporting that this week,s Centers for ... women who are at risk of unintended pregnancy impacts ... raises the risks of unprotected sex in particular.  ... to the Guttmacher Institute, there are 43 million women ... who have sex without the intention of becoming pregnant.  ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Transformational M&A achieved through NPS and ... --> Transformational M&A achieved through NPS and Dyax acquisitions ... Transformational M&A achieved through NPS and Dyax acquisitions and ... future growth with most robust pipeline in Shire , ... growth with most robust pipeline in Shire , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: