Navigation Links
HIV Linked to Higher Pregnancy Rate in Young Women

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-positive teens and young women are more likely to get pregnant and to have pregnancy complications than are those who do not have HIV, a new study finds.

Researchers from Johns Hopkins analyzed the records of 181 HIV-positive female patients, aged 13 to 24, who had been treated at four hospitals over 12 years. More than a third of them became pregnant, some more than once, for a total of 96 pregnancies.

The rate of premature births among the HIV-infected mothers was 34 percent, compared with 22 percent for mothers in the general population, the study reported in the Feb. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Those with HIV who became pregnant also had a higher rate of miscarriage than pregnant women in the general population -- 14 percent vs. 9 percent.

Pregnancies occurred in 28 of the 130 females who were infected with HIV at birth and in 38 of the 51 who became HIV-positive through high-risk behavior such as unsafe sex or injection drug use. The pregnancy rate of those infected through high-risk behavior was seven times higher than that of those who were infected with HIV at birth, the study found.

Those who'd acquired HIV through high-risk behavior also had more repeated pregnancies than did those who were infected at birth -- 37 percent vs. 14 percent. Females infected at birth were four times more likely to terminate a pregnancy than were those with behaviorally acquired HIV -- 41 percent vs. 10 percent.

The findings raise a number of concerns, the researchers said. They show that HIV-infected teens and young adults continue to have unsafe sex and that pregnancies place these already vulnerable young women and their fetuses in serious danger for complications.

The findings also "suggest that teens who were infected with HIV later in life may engage in different sexual behaviors than those infected at birth," Dr. Kelly Gebo, an infectious disease specialist and the study's senior investigator, said in a Hopkins news release.

"Further analysis into these differences will help us find ways to prevent unwanted pregnancies and avoid complications from planned ones," Gebo said.

More information

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has more about HIV and pregnancy.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Johns Hopkins Children's Center, news release, Feb. 1, 2011

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Morning after pill linked to increase in STIs, study shows
2. Childhood obesity linked to health habits, not heredity: U-M study
3. Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Linked to Social Status
4. FDA Says Breast Implants Linked to Rare Cancer
5. Loud Road Noise Linked to Stroke in Older Adults
6. Hot flushes are linked with a significant reduction in breast cancer risk
7. Heavy Smoking Linked to Small Increase in Breast Cancer Risk
8. High Altitude Linked to Higher Suicide Risk -- Again
9. Metal Tongue Piercings Linked to Raised Infection Risks
10. Parental divorce linked to suicidal thoughts
11. Oncometabolite linked with widespread alterations in gene expression
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
HIV Linked to Higher Pregnancy Rate in Young Women
(Date:6/26/2016)... Carolina (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... of a new product that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The ... centuries. , The two main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can ... Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey ... cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong ... Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. ... to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published June 14 on ... article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable seeking to undergo ... such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical group, Beverly Hills ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... and Scientific Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants ... grants came as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Capricor Therapeutics, Inc. ... biotechnology company focused on the discovery, development and ... enrollment in its ongoing randomized HOPE-Duchenne clinical trial ... of its 24-patient target. Capricor expects the trial ... of 2016, and to report top line data ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... BOGOTA, Colombia , June 23, 2016  Astellas today announced the establishment of Astellas Farma Colombia (AFC), a ... second affiliate in Latin America . ... ... ... ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016  Experian Health, the healthcare ... the patient payment and care experience, today ... products and services that will enhance the ... offerings. These award-winning solutions will enable healthcare ... compliant in an ever-changing environment and redefine ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: