Navigation Links
HIV Infections Continue to Hit Young Americans Hard
Date:11/27/2012

By Amanda Gardner
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDay News) -- New HIV infections in the United States are occurring at an alarmingly high rate among children and young adults aged 13 through 24, who now represent more than one in four new infections, a new study finds.

Also disturbing is the fact that the majority of these young people -- 60 percent -- don't even know they're infected, the result of inadequate testing rates, according to the report released Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in advance of World AIDS Day on Dec. 1.

"The bottom line is that every month, 1,000 young people are becoming infected with HIV," said CDC director Dr. Thomas Frieden at a Tuesday news conference. "Given everything we know about HIV prevention after more than 30 years of fighting this disease, it is just unacceptable that people are becoming infected at such high rates."

Not only is HIV infection preventable, Frieden added, but new, effective drug treatment options are allowing people to live long, full lives.

Meanwhile, infections are stable or even declining among older people, he added.

Certain groups of young people are being hit the hardest, according to the report.

For example, in 2010, almost three-quarters of estimated new infections occurred among gay and bisexual young men. But only 20 percent of new infections resulted from heterosexual sex, said Dr. Kevin Fenton, director of the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and Tuberculosis Prevention.

And more than half -- 57 percent -- of new infections occurred among young African Americans, most of them men.

Latinos and whites each accounted for only 20 percent of new HIV infections.

Why is the burden disproportionately focused on these groups?

Partly because the "background" level of HIV-positive people is higher, meaning that transmission can be easier. Also, socioeconomic factors as well as issues of stigma and lack of access to health care add to the problem, according to the report.

Young gay and bisexual men also report much higher levels of risky behavior, such as not using a condom or drinking or taking drugs before sex.

Testing is another issue. While 35 percent of 18 to 24 year olds have been tested for the AIDS-causing virus, only 13 percent of high school students and 22 percent of sexually active high school students have been tested, the report found.

Frieden emphasized that HIV prevention programs need to focus on several different areas, including making HIV testing routine in doctors' offices and getting more people into treatment and making sure they stay on treatment.

In general, said Fenton, "young people are less likely to be tested, less likely to be linked to care, less likely to be maintained in care and less likely to be virally suppressed."

"Viral loads" -- or levels of virus activity in the blood -- can be suppressed through adequate drug treatment, making it less likely that new people will become infected, Frieden said.

"These are unacceptable outcomes. This is the future generation," he said.

More information

Visit the CDC to find a local HIV testing location.

SOURCES: Nov. 27, 2012 news conference with Thomas R. Frieden, M.D., director, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Kevin Fenton, M.D., director, U.S. National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention; Nov. 27, 2012, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. AIDS Deaths, New HIV Infections Continue to Drop Worldwide
2. A comparative medicine study by Penn vet identifies a new approach to combat viral infections
3. Study suggests new way to prevent recurrent ear infections
4. New tools help nursing homes track and prevent deadly infections
5. Researchers call for early diagnosis of flesh-eating infections
6. Superpowered Bacteria May Lurk Behind Sinus Infections
7. Infections in rheumatoid arthritis patients: Mayo Clinic study finds way to pinpoint risk
8. Triple-threat approach reduces life-threatening central line infections in children with cancer
9. New antibacterial coating for sutures could reduce infections after surgery
10. A nonantibiotic approach for treating urinary tract infections
11. Killer infections targeted by hospital study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( https://isocomforter.com ), one of ... innovative new design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support ... your pain while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... delivery system that we intend to develop to enable prevention of a major ... to severe hearing loss, especially in pediatric patients. For cisplatin, hearing loss is ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at ... D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology ... the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children’s National, and Stephen ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... , ... Health Literacy Innovations (HLI), creator of the Health ... Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN), an independent professional organization that shares best practices ... , As CPEN’s strategic partner, HLI will help support CPEN members by ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... Farm Forward joins Bon ... leading institutions in announcing the launch of the Leadership Circle , a ... are raised for food. , Founding members of the Leadership Circle also include ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... FRISCO, Texas , Oct. 11, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... healthcare services, has amplified its effort during National ... patients about hereditary cancer risks. ... Journal of Clinical Oncology calculated that more than ... to have inherited mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017  NDS received FDA 510(k) ... — a medical-grade battery-powered display stand specifically designed for endoscopy environments. ... transform technology into a clinical solution to support the improvement of ... Innovative Design ... Mobile Wireless Solution ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... Oct. 6, 2017   Provista, a proven ... $100 billion in purchasing power, today announced a new ... The Newsroom is the online home for ... infographics, expert bios, news releases, slideshows and events. ... a wealth of resources at their fingertips, viewers can ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: