Navigation Links
HIV Exposure Before Birth May Raise Kids' Risk of Hearing Loss
Date:6/22/2012

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Children exposed to HIV in the womb are at increased risk for hearing loss by the time they're in their teens, according to a new study.

The study included more than 200 kids, aged 7 to 16, who had been exposed to HIV before birth. About 60 percent of the children were HIV-positive. Hearing tests were conducted on participants if their parents or caregivers had reported hearing problems, if they had low scores on a standard language test or if their doctors detected hearing problems.

Based on their findings from this group, the researchers estimated that hearing loss affects 9 percent to 15 percent of HIV-infected children and 5 to 8 percent of children who did not have HIV at birth but whose mothers had HIV infection during pregnancy.

Children with HIV infection were about 200 to 300 percent more likely to have hearing loss than those in the general population. Children who were HIV-free but whose mothers had HIV infection during pregnancy were 20 percent more likely to have hearing loss, according to the scientists in a U.S. National Institutes of Health research network led by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

"Children exposed to HIV before birth are at higher risk for hearing difficulty, and it's important for them -- and the health providers who care for them -- to be aware of this," Dr. George Siberry, of the Pediatric, Adolescent, and Maternal AIDS Branch of the NICHD, said in an NIH news release.

"If parents and teachers know the child has a hearing problem, then they may take measures to compensate in various communication settings, such as placement in the front of the classroom or avoiding noisy settings," Howard Hoffman, director of the Epidemiology and Statistics Program at the U.S. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, said in the release.

Previous research has shown that children with HIV are susceptible to middle ear infections, according to the news release, and repeated middle ear infections can cause hearing loss. But 60 percent of the cases of hearing loss in this study were due to problems with the transmission of sound from the nerves of the ear to the brain, rather than ear infection-related damage to the middle ear.

More information

The New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center has more about HIV and pregnancy.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: U.S. National Institutes of Health, news release, June 20, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Sun exposure and sun-sensitive skin type decreased risk for pancreatic cancer
2. How MyTownInsurance.com Helps Insurance Carriers Manage their Loss Exposure through On-Line Marketing
3. BPA exposure effects may last for generations
4. New research showing how real-life exposure to violence disrupts a childs sleep habits
5. Taking Anti-HIV Meds Prior to Exposure May Help Prevent Infection
6. Education May Protect Brain From Exposure to Solvents
7. Novel biomarkers reveal evidence of radiation exposure
8. Prenatal exposure to pollution especially dangerous for children with asthma
9. Majority of states fail to address youth exposure to alcohol marketing
10. Leaded Gas Exposure Linked to Later Violence: Study
11. Genetic variants, tobacco exposure and lung cancer risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
HIV Exposure Before Birth May Raise Kids' Risk of Hearing Loss
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... ... Lori G. Cohen and Sara K. Thompson , shareholders ... American Conference Institute’s 21st Drug & Medical Device Litigation Conference , taking place in ... , Cohen, who chairs the firm’s Pharmaceutical, Medical Device & Health Care Litigation Practice ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... ... over twenty-four years, Doctors on Liens has published a directory of the top ... care. When the company started in 1997, the directory was a single page focusing ... now ten-page directory features a vast array of medical specialists stretching from Sacramento ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... professionals, proudly announces the launch of its 60-day free trial program for all ... trip shipping make the offer a truly hassle free experience. , FlexiSpot’s unique ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... U.S. Surgeon ... interview with Mediaplanet, Dr. Murthy explains how he was inspired to practice medicine at ... learned that medicine is about more than making diagnoses and prescribing medicine,” he states. ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... Hills, California, will be included in the 2016 “Guide to America’s Top Plastic ... based on the amalgamation of their education, experience, and professional associations. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... December 2, 2016 On Thursday, the ... the Dow Jones Industrial Average edged 0.36% higher, to finish ... 0.35%. Losses were broad based as six out of nine ... research reports on the following Services equities: Myriad Genetics Inc. ... QGEN ), INC Research Holdings Inc. (NASDAQ: INCR ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016 The concept of rare diseases and the ... this sector has been taking shape in Europe ... aspects and initiatives related to orphan medicinal products have been ... of member states individually. Many member states in the EU ... of orphan medicinal products, the result of which took the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 1, 2016 Around the corners of world, ... each habitable land present over earth. Cancer has become ... in a life time this is because of the ... now. Given the steady increase in global cancer incidence ... spiraling healthcare costs of treatment, there is increasing interest ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: