Navigation Links
HIV Exposure Before Birth May Raise Kids' Risk of Hearing Loss
Date:6/22/2012

FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Children exposed to HIV in the womb are at increased risk for hearing loss by the time they're in their teens, according to a new study.

The study included more than 200 kids, aged 7 to 16, who had been exposed to HIV before birth. About 60 percent of the children were HIV-positive. Hearing tests were conducted on participants if their parents or caregivers had reported hearing problems, if they had low scores on a standard language test or if their doctors detected hearing problems.

Based on their findings from this group, the researchers estimated that hearing loss affects 9 percent to 15 percent of HIV-infected children and 5 to 8 percent of children who did not have HIV at birth but whose mothers had HIV infection during pregnancy.

Children with HIV infection were about 200 to 300 percent more likely to have hearing loss than those in the general population. Children who were HIV-free but whose mothers had HIV infection during pregnancy were 20 percent more likely to have hearing loss, according to the scientists in a U.S. National Institutes of Health research network led by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

"Children exposed to HIV before birth are at higher risk for hearing difficulty, and it's important for them -- and the health providers who care for them -- to be aware of this," Dr. George Siberry, of the Pediatric, Adolescent, and Maternal AIDS Branch of the NICHD, said in an NIH news release.

"If parents and teachers know the child has a hearing problem, then they may take measures to compensate in various communication settings, such as placement in the front of the classroom or avoiding noisy settings," Howard Hoffman, director of the Epidemiology and Statistics Program at the U.S. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, said in the release.

Previous research has shown that children with HIV are susceptible to middle ear infections, according to the news release, and repeated middle ear infections can cause hearing loss. But 60 percent of the cases of hearing loss in this study were due to problems with the transmission of sound from the nerves of the ear to the brain, rather than ear infection-related damage to the middle ear.

More information

The New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center has more about HIV and pregnancy.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: U.S. National Institutes of Health, news release, June 20, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Sun exposure and sun-sensitive skin type decreased risk for pancreatic cancer
2. How MyTownInsurance.com Helps Insurance Carriers Manage their Loss Exposure through On-Line Marketing
3. BPA exposure effects may last for generations
4. New research showing how real-life exposure to violence disrupts a childs sleep habits
5. Taking Anti-HIV Meds Prior to Exposure May Help Prevent Infection
6. Education May Protect Brain From Exposure to Solvents
7. Novel biomarkers reveal evidence of radiation exposure
8. Prenatal exposure to pollution especially dangerous for children with asthma
9. Majority of states fail to address youth exposure to alcohol marketing
10. Leaded Gas Exposure Linked to Later Violence: Study
11. Genetic variants, tobacco exposure and lung cancer risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
HIV Exposure Before Birth May Raise Kids' Risk of Hearing Loss
(Date:7/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Better education to coaches and parents ... work today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’ s ... to prospectively document the association between sports specialization and lower extremity injuries in ...
(Date:7/23/2017)... ... July 23, 2017 , ... Technology ... safety and patient-provider relationships. New tools are helping patients become more actively involved ... Annual Health Care’s Most Wired® survey, released today by the American Hospital Association’s ...
(Date:7/23/2017)... Melbourne, Fla. (PRWEB) , ... July 23, 2017 ... ... Stern, M.D., has joined Florida Pain Relief Group – Melbourne, a practice owned ... to board certification in interventional pain management, Dr. Stern also is certified in ...
(Date:7/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 23, 2017 , ... ... to announce today the grant of US Patent No. 9,038,640 by the United ... RF technology and brings together the combination of Switching, Vacuum, and Cooling mechanisms ...
(Date:7/22/2017)... ... July 22, 2017 , ... ... with the majority of patients not requiring pain medication after three months post-operatively. ... Medicine’s Annual Meeting today in Toronto, Ontario, Canada found that those patients ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/21/2017)... , July 21, 2017  Endo International plc ... completing a comprehensive review of its manufacturing network, the ... and distribution facilities in Huntsville, Alabama ... take place over the next 12 to 18 months. ... impacted by declining volumes of commoditized products and these ...
(Date:7/19/2017)... , July 19, 2017  Mako Medical Laboratories ... and the Military Family Assistance Fund (MFA) to bring ... to visit with their families one last time ... to coordinate the travel and logistics needed for these ... deployed soldiers and their families. We just wish we ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) will announce its second-quarter 2017 ... management team will host a conference call and webcast before the ... The dial-in number to access the call is U.S./ Canada ... 45397076. Please dial in 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start ... the call will be available from August 8, 2017 at 11:30 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: