Navigation Links
Gut Bacteria Often Similar in Humans, Chimps: Study
Date:11/13/2012

TUESDAY, Nov. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Humans and chimpanzees have much in common, biologically speaking, and that may now include certain communities -- or ecosystems -- of gut bacteria, a new study finds.

Gut bacteria play a crucial role in collecting nutrients from food, helping the immune system and protecting people against disease-causing viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms.

Yale University researchers have been investigating why gut bacteria organize themselves into three distinct communities called enterotypes. Each person seems to have one of the three enterotypes in their gut, but some scientists have suggested that enterotypes may merely be the product of different types of diets.

However, this new study found that chimpanzees in Gombe National Park in Tanzania have the same three enterotypes as humans, which indicates that enterotypes may have played an important evolutionary role in humans and great apes, the Yale team said.

In addition, gut bacteria samples taken from individual chimpanzees throughout their lives revealed that enterotypes change over a chimp's lifetime, the investigators found.

"This shared [human and chimpanzee] organization of the gut microbial community is millions of years old and the findings attest to their functional importance," Howard Ochman, an author of the study and director of the Microbial Diversity Institute, said in a Yale news release.

"Now that we know enterotypes have been maintained over evolutionary timescales, our goal is to determine their functions and how they might be important to the health of their hosts," Ochman said.

The study was published Nov. 13 in the journal Nature Communications.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health has more about the bacterial makeup of the body.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Yale University, news release, Nov. 13, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Pharmacy Robots Linked to Bacterial Contamination of Drugs
2. Children with juvenile arthritis have higher rates of bacterial infection
3. University of Minnesota startup to treat challenging bacterial infection
4. Fish Pedicure a Recipe for Bacterial Infection, Researchers Warn
5. Zooming in on bacterial weapons in 3-D
6. Genomes show how Staph bacteria gain resistance to last-line drug
7. Cedars-Sinai physician definitively links irritable bowel syndrome and bacteria in gut
8. Killer stainless steel: New process gives icon of cleanliness antibacterial coating
9. Study Ties Kids Allergy Risks to Antibacterials, Preservatives
10. Rare Drug-Resistant Bacteria Spotted in U.S. Hospital
11. Eating garbage: Bacteria for bioremediation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Gut Bacteria Often Similar in Humans, Chimps: Study
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... ... “Mysteries Revealed On Speaking In Tongues”: an engaging and dynamic study ... “Mysteries Revealed On Speaking In Tongues” is the creation of published author, Tina Jackson, ... in Michigan. , “We need to partner with Jesus and be the voice ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 24, 2017 , ... HealthCarePoint ... survivors, today announced formation of its first global advisory board to help ... , Like HCP founders, the global advisory board is composed of key ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... CLICKco LLC, a company known ... its CLICK® Coffee Protein Drink is now available for purchase on RevNutrition.com, a ... popular among health-conscious consumers who love coffee but are looking to add more ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... OSF Ventures, ... the world’s largest start-up platform headquartered in Silicon Valley that connects startups to ... Ventures recently signed a three-year agreement to be a corporate sponsor of Plug ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The January 2017 issue of the Journal of Counseling & ... behavioral healthcare (OBH) – also known as wilderness therapy – helped a group of ... sense of purpose both during and after treatment. , The study was published ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/24/2017)... VALLEY COTTAGE, New York , January 23, 2017 ... Projected to Witness Sluggish Growth ... world are derived from formulating Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API), ... isopropanol, propanol and propylene glycol. Production of ... Asia-Pacific excluding Japan ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... , Jan. 23, 2017 Endo International plc ... Commission (FTC) today filed a joint motion in the ... California seeking the entry of a ... resolves all disputes between the FTC and Endo relating ... connection with its Opana® ER and Lidoderm® products.  It ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... DUBLIN , Jan. 23, 2017 Research ... Products Market - Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... The interventional ... 2021 from USD 6.35 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of ... region. The major factors driving the growth of this ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: