Navigation Links
Gut Bacteria Often Similar in Humans, Chimps: Study

TUESDAY, Nov. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Humans and chimpanzees have much in common, biologically speaking, and that may now include certain communities -- or ecosystems -- of gut bacteria, a new study finds.

Gut bacteria play a crucial role in collecting nutrients from food, helping the immune system and protecting people against disease-causing viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms.

Yale University researchers have been investigating why gut bacteria organize themselves into three distinct communities called enterotypes. Each person seems to have one of the three enterotypes in their gut, but some scientists have suggested that enterotypes may merely be the product of different types of diets.

However, this new study found that chimpanzees in Gombe National Park in Tanzania have the same three enterotypes as humans, which indicates that enterotypes may have played an important evolutionary role in humans and great apes, the Yale team said.

In addition, gut bacteria samples taken from individual chimpanzees throughout their lives revealed that enterotypes change over a chimp's lifetime, the investigators found.

"This shared [human and chimpanzee] organization of the gut microbial community is millions of years old and the findings attest to their functional importance," Howard Ochman, an author of the study and director of the Microbial Diversity Institute, said in a Yale news release.

"Now that we know enterotypes have been maintained over evolutionary timescales, our goal is to determine their functions and how they might be important to the health of their hosts," Ochman said.

The study was published Nov. 13 in the journal Nature Communications.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health has more about the bacterial makeup of the body.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Yale University, news release, Nov. 13, 2012

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Pharmacy Robots Linked to Bacterial Contamination of Drugs
2. Children with juvenile arthritis have higher rates of bacterial infection
3. University of Minnesota startup to treat challenging bacterial infection
4. Fish Pedicure a Recipe for Bacterial Infection, Researchers Warn
5. Zooming in on bacterial weapons in 3-D
6. Genomes show how Staph bacteria gain resistance to last-line drug
7. Cedars-Sinai physician definitively links irritable bowel syndrome and bacteria in gut
8. Killer stainless steel: New process gives icon of cleanliness antibacterial coating
9. Study Ties Kids Allergy Risks to Antibacterials, Preservatives
10. Rare Drug-Resistant Bacteria Spotted in U.S. Hospital
11. Eating garbage: Bacteria for bioremediation
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Gut Bacteria Often Similar in Humans, Chimps: Study
(Date:11/25/2015)... IL (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... to six decades of music, friendships, and learning in its 65th Anniversary Brillianteen ... held Dec. 5-6. , For 65 years, Brillianteen has been a ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... Today, Mothers ... our nation’s roadways has dropped below 10,000 for the first time since 2011. In ... 2013. , According to data released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... "When ... that regular bras were incredibly uncomfortable," said an inventor from Bronx, N.Y. "In ... She developed the patent-pending RECOVERY BRA for added comfort and support. The bra ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... Many people know of the common symptoms of low thyroid hormone ... But many people who find their cholesterol levels and weight are creeping up are ... if they don’t have any of the other symptoms. , Thyroid hormone plays a ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Students and parents have something to be thankful ... Create Real Impact awards. California Casualty is proud to support the contest ... distracted and reckless driving, the number one killer of young drivers. , Almost ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015 - Will Also ... (CME) --> - Will ... Education (CME) --> - Will ... Continuing Medical Education (CME) Elsevier , ... services, will feature latest diagnostic imaging textbooks and decision support tools, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 25, 2015 The hope of ... failure of IVF cycles. After failure of over 15 ... had lost all hopes that she would be able to conceive ever. But finally optimism ... conceived after failure of over 15 IVF cycles. ... they decided to take one last attempt with Gaudium IVF Center in ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015  Array BioPharma Inc. (Nasdaq: ... Officer, Ron Squarer , will present at ... York.  The public is welcome to participate in ... BioPharma website.Event:Piper Jaffray Annual Healthcare ConferencePresenter:  , Ron ... 2015Time:1:30 p.m. Eastern Time Webcast: , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: