Navigation Links
Gun retailers take a hard line on illegal firearm sales, UC Davis survey finds
Date:3/11/2013

(SACRAMENTO, Calif.) A scientific survey of more than 9,700 gun retailers in the U.S. has found that gun buyers frequently try to make illegal purchases and that gun retailers take a dim view of fellow sellers who engage in illegal activity regardless of whether they are actively breaking the law or simply looking the other way.

The survey, conducted in 2011 by Garen Wintemute, professor of emergency medicine and director of the UC Davis Violence Prevention Research Program, is believed to be the first scientific study of a large group of gun retailers to determine their attitudes on illegal gun sales such as "straw" or surrogate purchases, and undocumented purchases and other criminal activity among buyers and retailers.

The research appears online March 11 in the journal Injury Prevention and is a follow up to initial results Wintemute published in September 2012 in the Journal of Urban Health on the characteristics of federally licensed firearms dealers, pawnbrokers and their establishments.

"There is a continuing debate on the commerce of firearms: which ones should be sold and who they should be sold to. But no one has ever gotten the opinions of the people doing the selling," Wintemute said. "We wanted to collect detailed information about firearm retailers and get their sense of how often illegal activity occurs and what should be done about the problem."

Wintemute surveyed 9,720 dealers, pawnbrokers and gunsmiths, selecting participants who sold 50 or more firearms each year. The survey asked retailers how often they thought customers were trying to make straw purchases, or buying a gun for someone who is ineligible to own one. The survey also asked how often customers tried to purchase a gun without filling out appropriate forms or receiving a background check. Participants also were asked how often they had refused to make a sale or alerted other retailers about an attempted illegal purchase.

The survey showed that 67.3 percent had experienced an attempted straw purchase in the previous year, while 42.4 percent had experienced an attempted undocumented purchase. In all, participants reported 2,051 attempted straw purchases and 2,254 attempted undocumented purchases. Pawnbrokers reported greater numbers of both. The survey also found that theft was a common occurrence; more than 25 percent of respondents reported that they had experienced theft in the previous five years.

Extrapolating from this data, Wintemute estimates that the 9,720 retailers experienced nearly 34,000 attempted straw purchases and 37,000 attempted undocumented purchases.

Generally, participants refused to complete illegal sales but only notified law enforcement or alerted other retailers 75 percent of the time. However, when asked about sentencing, retailers often specified long sentences, for both customers and retailers.

For a retailer who sold 50 weapons to traffickers, the median recommended sentence was 10 years; the median fine was $50,000. The retailers indicated they would impose the same sentences on buyers.

"The sentences they recommended were often harsher than current law," Wintemute said. "Many felt bad retailers should face stiffer sentences than customers. Also, the survey gave participants the opportunity to let their peers off the hook: if they were in a tough community or afraid for their safety. But the retailers did not do that. They laid responsibility directly on the person who committed the crime."

In addition, 59.5 percent of respondents believed that retailers who often have firearms used in a crime traced back to their store are not asking enough questions and probably know these sales are illegal.

"Even after factoring in their sales volume, a small number of retailers sold a disproportionate share of the traced guns," Wintemute said. He also suggests this minority could be a prime focus for law enforcement.

At present, there are three bills before Congress that would clarify and strengthen laws to prevent straw purchases and other illegal sales activity. Wintemute believes retailers could help Congress and other legislative bodies devise equitable gun laws.

"I think gun retailers are a vastly underused resource," Wintemute said. "The majority do not want bad apples in their industry. We should look for ways to collaborate with them to identify and prosecute bad guys in their industry."


'/>"/>

Contact: Carole Gan
carole.gan@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
916-734-9047
University of California - Davis Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Retailers should re-size maternity wear for women throughout their pregnancies, MU study finds
2. Elinext Leverages Latest QR Code and NFC Technologies in Mobile App Development for Retailers, Manufacturers, Advertisers, and Real Estate Companies
3. Illegal Bath Salts Mimic Cocaine in the Brain: Study
4. Lax gun ownership laws could impact ability of high-risk individuals to purchase firearms
5. UC Davis study links low wages with hypertension, especially for women and younger workers
6. UC Davis study shows that treadmill testing can predict heart disease in women
7. UC Davis scientists identify new target for lung cancer treatment
8. UC Davis study finds stray-bullet shootings frequently harm women and children
9. Dr. Davis Announces Some Diagnoses of ADHD May be Misinterpreted Visual Problems: Could Be Treated with Vision Therapy
10. Med School Students Still Get Gifts From Drug Companies: Survey
11. Survey of clinicians: User satisfaction with electronic health records has decreased since 2010
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... Robins ... Clinic in Durant, Oklahoma, on Feb. 21. , The celebration began with a ... members, clinic employees, the construction team and tribal leadership. , Choctaw Nation ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... ... Doctors on Liens has announced the addition of Mendonca Spine Care Center ... network of doctors in Central and Northern California. Dr. Mendonca specializes in personal injury ... pain, neck pain, hip and knee pain, and headaches. Specializing in non-surgical, spinal ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... Ray Insurance Agencies, a Dallas area firm providing ... is embarking on a six month charity event aimed at raising local support and ... is one of the deadliest diseases in America; more than 7.5 million people die ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... announced the further expansion of its eHealth App xChange™, providing clinical researchers ... of Bioclinica’s extensive and growing eHealth platform. Applications that enable patient-centered clinical ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... with over 50,000 participants. The connected care demonstration spanned multiple health information ... National Coordinator, roughly 30% of providers have no Health Information Exchange outside of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/21/2017)... 21, 2017 Mass Spectrometer Market: Overview ... This report on mass spectrometer ... prospects of the market globally. The stakeholders of ... the manufacture and commercialization of various mass spectrometer ... planning to enter this market. This report comprises ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... -- Luminex Corporation (NASDAQ: LMNX ) (the "Company") today ... of a quarterly cash dividend to its shareholders, the first ... payable on April 14, 2017 to shareholders of record as ... The board of directors intends for the Company ... holders of its common stock, representing a planned annual dividend ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... Feb. 21, 2017  Global health services company Cigna ... ® for breast reconstruction surgery and Dermacell ... an advanced acellular dermal matrix developed by LifeNet Health ... NVDQ ) "We are proud ... health-care payers to review the growing base of evidentiary ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: