Navigation Links
Grief is not a disease, but cancer is -- what about erectile dysfunction?
Date:12/4/2012

"Understanding peoples' attitudes about whether states of being should be considered diseases can inform social discourse regarding a number of contentious social and health public policy issues," says Kari Tikkinen, MD, PhD, corresponding author of the FIND Survey.

All Finns think that myocardial infarction, breast cancer, malaria and pneumonia are diseases. People are equally unanimous that wrinkles, grief and homosexuality are not diseases. What about drug addiction or absence of sexual desire? Or erectile dysfunction, infertility or obesity?

"The word disease seems to be as difficult to define as beauty, truth or love, although the concept of disease lies at the heart of medicine," Tikkinen says.

Currently on leave from the Helsinki University Central Hospital, Tikkinen works as a visiting research fellow at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

The FIND Survey examined, across a wide range of conditions, which should be classified as a disease. The respondents included four relevant stakeholders: laypeople, doctors, nurses and legislators.

Perceptions of disease were surveyed using a questionnaire that listed 60 states of being related to health and well-being, from breast cancer and pneumonia to burnout, grief and wrinkles. Using a 5-point Likert-scale ranging from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree", the respondents were asked to evaluate whether states of being should be considered diseases and be funded through public revenue.

The survey was sent to 6,200 Finns: 1,500 doctors, 1,500 nurses, 3,000 laypeople and the 200 members of the Parliament of Finland. The doctors and nurses were randomly selected from the databases of their professional organisations and the laypeople from the Finnish Population Register. A total of 3,280 people responded to the survey (53%).

The 60 states of being presented in this survey included 12 that at least 80 percent of the respondents considered to be diseases. Five states were considered not to be diseases by at least 80 percent of the respondents. The responses to the remainder of the states showed large disagreement whether they should be considered, or not, diseases.

Public funding only for the treatment of "real" diseases

Doctors were the most inclined to consider states of being diseases. Laypeople were the least inclined, and nurses and legislators were in between. However, the differences between the groups were not large, and were very small in comparison to the disagreement within each group.

In all groups, willingness to pay for treatment from public funds was very strongly correlated with the perception of disease (that is, whether respondents regarded a particular state of being as a disease).

"The substantial disagreement we found in classifying of states of being as diseases, and the parallel disagreement regarding the legitimacy of public funding for those that warrant treatment provides insight into the attitudes underlying a number of current high profile social debates. The solutions and management of drug addictions, for example, may vary greatly depending on whether addiction is seen as a disease or as a moral failing." Tikkinen says.


'/>"/>
Contact: Dr. Kari Tikkinen
kari.tikkinen@fimnet.fi
358-046-908-5251
University of Helsinki
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. How is grief unique to young adults with cancer?
2. Nurses examine caregiver grief
3. Spouses of Cancer Patients May Have Raised Risk of Heart Disease, Stroke
4. No Proof That Gum Disease Causes Heart Disease, Experts Say
5. Migraines More Likely for People With Celiac Disease, Study Says
6. Severe Gum Disease, Impotence May Be Linked
7. Study supports urate protection against Parkinsons disease, hints at novel mechanism
8. Doubling down on heart failure: Researchers discover new route to disease, and drugs to match
9. Reach2HD, a Phase II study in Huntingtons disease, launched
10. Gum Disease, HPV May Play Role in Head & Neck Cancers
11. Increase in RDA for vitamin C could help reduce heart disease, stroke, cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Grief is not a disease, but cancer is -- what about erectile dysfunction?
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... , ... Gevir, a New Zealand-based company that focuses on developing powder and ... to Amazon.com, the world’s largest online retailer. , The company was founded ... natural treatment for Shelley’s Multiple Sclerosis, which she’d been diagnosed with at 28 years ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... 2017 , ... South Bend’s Lunkerville, the award-winning TV series that catches real ... Water (HOW), a non-profit organization dedicated to helping military veterans relax, rehabilitate, and reintegrate ... traveling to Lake Denmark, New Jersey, to fish with war veteran Justin Vail from ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... with the recent addition of esteemed ophthalmologist, Dr. Steven H. Rauchman, practicing at ... are common in auto accidents, product liability, premise liability and other personal injury cases. ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... ... ANGLESTRONG , the new recovery management app with multiple innovative features ... and Google Play . Florida-based Sober Network, Inc., the premier provider of ... Angle to build ANGLESTRONG. The new recovery management app is a passion project for ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... communications company, launched a new media platform connecting healthcare technology professionals and other ... be followed by a quarterly publication starting on March 1, announced Michael J. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/22/2017)... 22, 2017 Research and Markets has ... by Drug Molecule (Biologic, Small Molecule Drugs), By Route of ... Blockers) Outlook 2022" report to their offering. ... The global psoriasis ... 2016-2022 This report provides a detailed analysis of ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... 2017  Based on its recent analysis of ... recognizes SnooZeal, Inc. with the 2017 European New ... product that intelligently addresses the root causes of ... the clinically proven continuous transmucosal electrical stimulation therapy. ... one of the most accessible anti-snoring products available ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Feb. 22, 2017  Applied Silver, the maker of SilvaClean®, ... the company,s advisory board. Ms. Barnes is the company,s third ... engineering, legal, and healthcare experts Scott McNealy , ... , J. Tress Ritter , and Leopold Selker ... brings more than three decades of nationally recognized clinical, nursing, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: