Navigation Links
Green neighborhoods may reduce childhood obesity

San Diego, October 28, 2008 Childhood obesity can lead to type 2 diabetes, asthma, hypertension, sleep apnea and emotional distress. Obese children and youth are likely to be obese as adults, experience more cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and stroke and incur higher healthcare costs. In an article published in the December 2008 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers report that children living in inner city neighborhoods with higher "greenness" experienced lower weight gains compared to those in areas with less green space.

Researchers from the University of Washington, Indiana University-Purdue University and Indiana University School of Medicine followed more than 3800 children, predominantly African-American and poor, aged 3-16 over a two-year period. Using satellite imaging data to measure vegetation coverage, the investigators found that higher greenness was significantly associated with lower body mass index (BMI) changes in those children. In previous studies of adults, residential density tended to predict physical activity levels, with highly urban environments leading to more walking, less driving and lower BMI. The current study did not find this correlation for children.

Children and youth in urban environments may be active in a wider variety of open spaces (e.g., yards, parks, vacant lots) and less likely to constrain activity to streets and sidewalks. Greenness might indicate proximity to parks, playfields or other open spaces that promote either physical activity or increased time spent outdoors in active play.

Writing in the article, Janice F. Bell, PhD, MPH, Assistant Professor in the department of Health Services at the School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, and co-investigators state, "This study's findings align with previous research linking exposure to green landscapes with health improvements. Among adults, greenness is associated with less stress and lower BMI, improved self-reported health and shorter post-operative recovery periods. Among children and youth, the positive health effects of green landscapes include improved cognitive functioning and reduced attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms. Ideally, future research in this area will be multidisciplinary involving city planners, architects, geographers, psychologists and public health researchers and will consider the ways children live and play in urban environments."

In a commentary published in the same issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Nick Wareham, MBBS, PhD, of the Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, England, writes, "Previous research on factors associated with physical activity in children has used mostly cross-sectional designs and few prospective studies have been published. In addition, studies have focused mostly on individual biological or psychological factors, with little emphasis, until recently, on collective determinants such as the physical environment. By focusing on environmental determinants in a longitudinal study in children, the study by Bell et al makes an important contribution to the existing literature."


Contact: AJPM Editorial Office
Elsevier Health Sciences

Related medicine news :

1. Neighborhood greenness has long term positive impact on kids health
2. Green Valley Spa Now Offers hCG Weight Loss Therapy
3. Heifer International: The Greener Good for Holiday Giving
4. MBL scientist Osamu Shimomura wins Nobel Prize for discovery of green fluorescent protein
5. Walgreens Pays U.S. $9.9 Million to Settle Medicaid Prescription Drug Allegations
6. Modular Building Systems International (MBSI) Supplies Buildings For First Platinum Certified Green Modular School In The U.S.
7. Longs Drug Stores Confirms Receipt of Expression of Interest from Walgreens
8. Greenway Medical Technologies Growth Continues with Significant Fiscal Year 2008 Gains
9. Luxury Resort Operates Seasonal Green Market for 2,300 Staff
10. ChromaDex Licenses Green Chemistry Technology to Manufacture a New Class of Super Fruit Compounds
11. Ron Greenspan DDS Creates Plan to Eliminate the Barriers to Orthodontic Treatment
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... On November 10, ... States District Court of Connecticut on behalf of a home health care worker who ... current or former home health care workers employed by Humana, Inc., Humana at Home, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... On November 25, 2015, officials of Narconon Arrowhead , the ... of a new cutting edge recovery program that has been 50 years in the ... alcohol-addicted individuals with the purpose to free addicts from the symptoms and negative behaviors ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... SCOTTSDALE, AZ) - Today, Dr. Todd C. ... and non-surgical treatments, announced the expansion of his private practice capabilities with the ... Highly trained and nationally recognized for his natural approach, Dr. Todd Hobgood serves ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... Today, ... on our nation’s roadways has dropped below 10,000 for the first time since 2011. ... in 2013. , According to data released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... of philanthropic seniors, is resulting in a way for homeless people to have ... Schaumburg have launched a new initiative whereby they are repurposing plastic bags into ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... , November 25, 2015 ... due to repeated failure of IVF cycles. After failure ... was totally dejected and had lost all hopes that she would be able ... Indian miracle child conceived after failure of over 15 ... abroad (UK) before they decided to take one last attempt with ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... SAN CARLOS, Calif. , Nov. 24, ... ), a leader in non-invasive genetic testing ... today announced that it will present at ... Conference in New York on Wednesday, December 2, 2015 at 1:00 p.m. ... discuss the Company,s financial results, business activities ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... /PRNewswire/ - ESSA Pharma Inc. ("ESSA" or the "Company") ... the first patient has been enrolled in ESSA,s Phase ... metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer ("mCRPC"). the ... the United States and Canada.  ... trial, ESSA intends to demonstrate the safety, tolerability, maximum ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: