Navigation Links
Green neighborhoods may reduce childhood obesity
Date:10/27/2008

San Diego, October 28, 2008 Childhood obesity can lead to type 2 diabetes, asthma, hypertension, sleep apnea and emotional distress. Obese children and youth are likely to be obese as adults, experience more cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and stroke and incur higher healthcare costs. In an article published in the December 2008 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers report that children living in inner city neighborhoods with higher "greenness" experienced lower weight gains compared to those in areas with less green space.

Researchers from the University of Washington, Indiana University-Purdue University and Indiana University School of Medicine followed more than 3800 children, predominantly African-American and poor, aged 3-16 over a two-year period. Using satellite imaging data to measure vegetation coverage, the investigators found that higher greenness was significantly associated with lower body mass index (BMI) changes in those children. In previous studies of adults, residential density tended to predict physical activity levels, with highly urban environments leading to more walking, less driving and lower BMI. The current study did not find this correlation for children.

Children and youth in urban environments may be active in a wider variety of open spaces (e.g., yards, parks, vacant lots) and less likely to constrain activity to streets and sidewalks. Greenness might indicate proximity to parks, playfields or other open spaces that promote either physical activity or increased time spent outdoors in active play.

Writing in the article, Janice F. Bell, PhD, MPH, Assistant Professor in the department of Health Services at the School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, and co-investigators state, "This study's findings align with previous research linking exposure to green landscapes with health improvements. Among adults, greenness is associated with less stress and lower BMI, improved self-reported health and shorter post-operative recovery periods. Among children and youth, the positive health effects of green landscapes include improved cognitive functioning and reduced attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms. Ideally, future research in this area will be multidisciplinary involving city planners, architects, geographers, psychologists and public health researchers and will consider the ways children live and play in urban environments."

In a commentary published in the same issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Nick Wareham, MBBS, PhD, of the Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, England, writes, "Previous research on factors associated with physical activity in children has used mostly cross-sectional designs and few prospective studies have been published. In addition, studies have focused mostly on individual biological or psychological factors, with little emphasis, until recently, on collective determinants such as the physical environment. By focusing on environmental determinants in a longitudinal study in children, the study by Bell et al makes an important contribution to the existing literature."


'/>"/>

Contact: AJPM Editorial Office
eAJPM@ucsd.edu
858-457-7292
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Neighborhood greenness has long term positive impact on kids health
2. Green Valley Spa Now Offers hCG Weight Loss Therapy
3. Heifer International: The Greener Good for Holiday Giving
4. MBL scientist Osamu Shimomura wins Nobel Prize for discovery of green fluorescent protein
5. Walgreens Pays U.S. $9.9 Million to Settle Medicaid Prescription Drug Allegations
6. Modular Building Systems International (MBSI) Supplies Buildings For First Platinum Certified Green Modular School In The U.S.
7. Longs Drug Stores Confirms Receipt of Expression of Interest from Walgreens
8. Greenway Medical Technologies Growth Continues with Significant Fiscal Year 2008 Gains
9. Luxury Resort Operates Seasonal Green Market for 2,300 Staff
10. ChromaDex Licenses Green Chemistry Technology to Manufacture a New Class of Super Fruit Compounds
11. Ron Greenspan DDS Creates Plan to Eliminate the Barriers to Orthodontic Treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Dr. Ran Y. ... has recently begun offering three new minimally invasive procedures to patients who want ... reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is excited to bring microneedling, microneedling facials, and platelet ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Everybody has their own personal preference when ... read it, and some people don't like it at all. FindaTopDoc took a look ... , Erotic literature can give readers a taste of their deepest, darkest fantasies and ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Aesthetic Channel has ... Dr. Talei has come up with a proprietary technique that he calls the ... that have dropped. For all ages, patients can expect to look refreshed, rejuvenated, and ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Georgia State University will host ... , The two-day conference is focused on advancing scientific knowledge about the aggressive ... and eliminating racial breast cancer-related disparities. The conference theme is “Illuminating Actionable Biology.” ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... , ... June 23, 2017 , ... MD Now ... This is MD Now’s 28th facility overall and marks the urgent care center's eighth ... one mile North of The Falls shopping mall. The new clinic offers a wide ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/8/2017)... Texas , June 8, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... a leading developer and manufacturer of diagnostic ... announced today that Cressey & Company LP ... firm, has completed a growth-focused investment in ... a majority ownership position from selling shareholder, ...
(Date:6/5/2017)... CINCINNATI , June 5, 2017 The ... a brand of Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), has been ... Cincinnati Enquirer . Results are based on ... specializing in organizational health and workplace improvement. The survey measures ... ...
(Date:6/1/2017)... June 1, 2017 Nutriceutical Holdings (NH), parent ... Solutions (VRS), and KD Pharma Group have decided to ... by KD Pharma Group. KD Pharma Group will become ... to acquire the entire company. "We believe ... are committed to growing the NH companies by providing ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: