Navigation Links
Green Areas Lower Health Inequities Between Rich, Poor

Having more parks, forests, playing fields affects health behaviors, study says

THURSDAY, Nov. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Health inequalities between rich and poor people are much lower in areas that have lots of green space, such as parks, forests and playing fields, a large British study finds.

Dr. Richard Mitchell, of the University of Glasgow, and his colleagues noted that previous studies have shown that the presence of green space has an independent beneficial effect on health and health-related behaviors. They wanted to examine whether access to green space might also affect income-related health disparities.

Mitchell and his team looked at the almost 41 million people in England below retirement age and obtained individual death records for 366,348 people to determine the association between exposure to green space, income, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific death (circulatory disease, lung cancer and suicide) from 2001 to 2005.

In areas with the most green space, the health gap between the richest and poorest people was about half as large as that in the least green areas -- an incident rate ratio (IRR) of 1.93 in the least green and 1.43 in the most green. IRR is a measure of how much higher the rate of death is among the poorest, when compared with that among the richest.

The difference in IRR for circulatory disease was even larger -- 2.19 in the least green areas and 1.54 in the most green. The amount of green space had no effect on deaths caused by lung cancer or suicide.

"The implications of this study are clear: Environments that promote good health might be crucial in the fight to reduce health inequalities," Mitchell and colleagues concluded.

The study was published in this week's special issue of The Lancet, which focuses on social determinants of health.

"This study offers valuable evidence that green space does more than pretty up a neighborhood; it appears to have real effects on health inequality, of a kind that politicians and health authorities should take seriously," Dr. Terry Hartig, of the Institute for Housing and Urban Research at Uppsala University in Sweden, wrote in an accompanying comment on the study.

Another British study in the same issue of The Lancet found that best-practice interventions could eliminate most socioeconomic disparities in coronary heart disease deaths. Best practice interventions include: reduction of systolic blood pressure by 10mm/Hg, of cholesterol by 2mmol/L, and of blood glucose by 1mmol/L in pre-diabetic people; halving the presence of non-insulin dependent diabetes; and quitting smoking.

The researchers looked at 17,186 male civil servants, aged 40 to 69, and found that the 15-year risk of death due to coronary heart disease per 100 men was 11 for men with low-grade employment and 7.5 for men with high-grade employment. The researchers calculated that best-practice interventions would reduce overall coronary heart disease deaths by 57 percent and the difference in deaths between socioeconomic groups by 69 percent.

"Our results suggest that current best-practice interventions to reduce classic coronary risk factors, if successfully implemented in both high and low socioeconomic groups, could eliminate most of the socioeconomic differences in coronary heart disease mortality," concluded Professor Mika Kivimaki, of University College London, and colleagues.

More information

The U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has more about income and health.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: The Lancet, news release, Nov. 7, 2008

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Going Green May Mean Fewer Colds This Season
2. Dr. Ron Greenspan has Been Selected for the 2008 Best of San Diego Award in the Orthodontists Category by the U.S. Local Business Association
3. Green neighborhoods may reduce childhood obesity
4. Neighborhood greenness has long term positive impact on kids health
5. Green Valley Spa Now Offers hCG Weight Loss Therapy
6. Heifer International: The Greener Good for Holiday Giving
7. MBL scientist Osamu Shimomura wins Nobel Prize for discovery of green fluorescent protein
8. Walgreens Pays U.S. $9.9 Million to Settle Medicaid Prescription Drug Allegations
9. Modular Building Systems International (MBSI) Supplies Buildings For First Platinum Certified Green Modular School In The U.S.
10. Longs Drug Stores Confirms Receipt of Expression of Interest from Walgreens
11. Greenway Medical Technologies Growth Continues with Significant Fiscal Year 2008 Gains
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Green Areas Lower Health Inequities Between Rich, Poor
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... last 15 years, announced today that Michigan-based Family Health Center (FHC) has selected ... over 45 years, FHC was awarded the largest Affordable Care Act grant for ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Ill. (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... Decision Support Solutions, announced at the Radiology Society of North America (RSNA) annual ... have seen over 60% growth from 2014. Throughout 2015, the company has ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... publishing magazines and websites specializing in independent living, assisted living and all other ... and Alzheimer’s awareness and research remains a top priority. , ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 ... ... is pleased to announce the speakers for “Value-Based Payer-Provider Partnerships: Three Case ... from three innovative value-based care arrangements: Essentia Health and UCare, MissionPoint Health ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... PA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... software provider, has verified that their Vasont Universal Integrator (VUI) extension unites with ... creating, editing, and managing content as a continuous process with the latest release ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015   Royal Philips ... Implant, the industry,s first MRI guided user interface and ... of patients with MR Conditional implants, such as knee ... 2015 Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting ... and supports diagnostic confidence of this growing patient population. ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... BOCA RATON, Fla. , Nov. 30, ... of Public Research (the Institute) announced today that ... , a medical device start-up company with technology developed ... creation based on publicly-funded research, and bridges early funding ... -based universities and research institutions. ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nov. 30, 2015 Baxalta Incorporated ... leader dedicated to delivering transformative therapies to ... conditions, today announced the launch and first ... an extended circulating half-life recombinant factor VIII ... full-length ADVATE [Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant)]. The treatment ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: