Navigation Links
Graphic warning labels on cigarette packages reduce smoking rates
Date:11/25/2013

The U.S. would have several million fewer smokers if graphic warning labels similar to those introduced in Canada nearly a decade ago were required on cigarette packs, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Waterloo.

The Canadian labels led to a 2.9 to 4.7 percentage point drop in smoking rates -- which would mean 5.3 to 8.6 million fewer smokers in the U.S. if the same result were obtained. The findings are published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

The researchers used statistical methods to compare smoking rates in the U.S. and Canada for a nine-year period before and after the graphic warning labels were introduced in Canada. The price of cigarettes were factored into the analyses.

The study found the "regulatory impact analysis" used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to gauge the effectiveness of Canada's graphic warning labels to be inaccurate. The FDA had estimated only a 0.088 percentage point reduction in smoking rates after graphic warning labels were mandated in Canada.

Jidong Huang, research specialist at UIC's Institute for Health Research and Policy and lead author of the new study, said when he and his collaborators corrected the FDA's methodological flaws and took into account the purchase prices paid by smokers, they found that graphic warning labels reduce cigarette-smoking prevalence at much higher rates.

Graphic warning labels on cigarette packages have been implemented in more than 40 countries, but not in the U.S.

In 2009, the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gave the FDA authority to regulate the manufacture, distribution and marketing of tobacco products, including requiring prominent warning labels for cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products. However, the tobacco industry challenged the FDA's requirement for graphic warning labels, and a U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that the federal agency lacked evidence that graphic warning images would reduce the number of Americans who smoke. Studies had shown that such labels increase knowledge of the harmful effects of tobacco products, motivate smokers to attempt quitting, and decrease relapse rates among smokers who have quit, but not whether they reduce overall smoking rates.

The UIC and University of Waterloo researchers hope the new study will provide support for a revised FDA proposal to require graphic warnings.

The FDA should "adopt a standard methodology in doing their regulatory impact analysis that is statistically sound and validated by social scientists," said Huang. The "very rudimentary analysis" methods currently used by the FDA will cause problems in future proposals and regulations for new and emerging tobacco products, he said.

Geoffrey Fong, professor of psychology at the University of Waterloo, said the new study "adds to the strong and growing number of studies showing the powerful positive impact of graphic warnings on reducing smoking rates."

Fong and Frank Chaloupka, distinguished professor of economics and director of the Health Policy Center at UIC's Institute for Health Research and Policy, are co-investigators.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sherri McGinnis Gonzalez
smcginn@uic.edu
312-996-8277
University of Illinois at Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study examines medicare use for Mohs micrographic surgery and surgical excision for skin cancer
2. Cancer in the elderly: Research fails to keep up with demographic change
3. Graphic warning labels improve smokers recall of warning and health risks related to smoking
4. Graphic Cig Pack Labels Make Smokers Think, Study Finds
5. Article Marketing Company Content Writing King Announces Training Of New Graphic Design Artist
6. Revised geographic adjustments could improve accuracy of Medicare payments, will not solve access, quality problems
7. Photographic cholesterol test
8. U.S. Appeals Court Backs Ruling Against Graphic Images on Cigarette Packs
9. WeightWise Infographic Spotlights Twinkies Ingredients’ Non-Food Uses
10. Get New Patients, INC Releases New Infographic titled 'Are Negative Reviews Killing Your Medical Practice?"
11. Graphic warnings on cigarettes effective across demographic groups
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/21/2017)... Atlanta, GA (PRWEB) , ... February 21, 2017 ... ... firm, announced the acquisition of the predictive analytic firm Predixion’s Healthcare IT practice. ... of investment and is backed by giants including Accenture, GE Ventures, ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... Trenton, NJ (PRWEB) , ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... to a healthy lifestyle and make small changes that can lead to a lifetime ... for the possibility of a cardiac emergency. , The Athletic Trainers’ Society ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ALEXANDRIA, VA (PRWEB) , ... February 20, 2017 , ... ... with Cambridge Healthcare to open and operate a state-of-the-art memory care community in Alexandria, ... of 2018 on a site just outside of Old Town. , The three-story ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... The StayWell Company ... health care providers better manage patient health risks, foster behavior change and improve health ... in the world, will present a demonstration of its video capability at StayWell booth ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... Houston dentist , ... dental care at his office, Antoine Dental Center. Emergency dentistry encompasses many treatments ... are at risk for serious complications and often experience severe pain. Not only ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/21/2017)... MELBOURNE, Australia , Feb. 21, 2017  IBM (NYSE: ... IBM Watson,s ability to detect abnormalities of the eye,s retina. ... trained a research version of Watson to recognize abnormalities in ... insights and speed in their early identification of patients who ... glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness in the developed world. ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... Medical Oxygen Concentrators Market: Overview ... Medical oxygen concentrators are used by patients ... having low level of oxygen in their blood ... are to be used only with prescription and ... concentrators work either on rechargeable lithium batteries or ...
(Date:2/21/2017)...   BeyondSpring Pharmaceuticals , a clinical stage ... immuno-oncology cancer therapies, today announced that the Company,s ... 2 trial of BeyondSpring,s innovative lead asset, ... lung cancer (NSCLC) with Docetaxel has been selected ... Immuno-Oncology Symposium in Orlando, Fla. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: