Navigation Links
Graphic warning labels on cigarette packages reduce smoking rates
Date:11/25/2013

The U.S. would have several million fewer smokers if graphic warning labels similar to those introduced in Canada nearly a decade ago were required on cigarette packs, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Waterloo.

The Canadian labels led to a 2.9 to 4.7 percentage point drop in smoking rates -- which would mean 5.3 to 8.6 million fewer smokers in the U.S. if the same result were obtained. The findings are published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

The researchers used statistical methods to compare smoking rates in the U.S. and Canada for a nine-year period before and after the graphic warning labels were introduced in Canada. The price of cigarettes were factored into the analyses.

The study found the "regulatory impact analysis" used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to gauge the effectiveness of Canada's graphic warning labels to be inaccurate. The FDA had estimated only a 0.088 percentage point reduction in smoking rates after graphic warning labels were mandated in Canada.

Jidong Huang, research specialist at UIC's Institute for Health Research and Policy and lead author of the new study, said when he and his collaborators corrected the FDA's methodological flaws and took into account the purchase prices paid by smokers, they found that graphic warning labels reduce cigarette-smoking prevalence at much higher rates.

Graphic warning labels on cigarette packages have been implemented in more than 40 countries, but not in the U.S.

In 2009, the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gave the FDA authority to regulate the manufacture, distribution and marketing of tobacco products, including requiring prominent warning labels for cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products. However, the tobacco industry challenged the FDA's requirement for graphic warning labels, and a U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that the federal agency lacked evidence that graphic warning images would reduce the number of Americans who smoke. Studies had shown that such labels increase knowledge of the harmful effects of tobacco products, motivate smokers to attempt quitting, and decrease relapse rates among smokers who have quit, but not whether they reduce overall smoking rates.

The UIC and University of Waterloo researchers hope the new study will provide support for a revised FDA proposal to require graphic warnings.

The FDA should "adopt a standard methodology in doing their regulatory impact analysis that is statistically sound and validated by social scientists," said Huang. The "very rudimentary analysis" methods currently used by the FDA will cause problems in future proposals and regulations for new and emerging tobacco products, he said.

Geoffrey Fong, professor of psychology at the University of Waterloo, said the new study "adds to the strong and growing number of studies showing the powerful positive impact of graphic warnings on reducing smoking rates."

Fong and Frank Chaloupka, distinguished professor of economics and director of the Health Policy Center at UIC's Institute for Health Research and Policy, are co-investigators.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sherri McGinnis Gonzalez
smcginn@uic.edu
312-996-8277
University of Illinois at Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study examines medicare use for Mohs micrographic surgery and surgical excision for skin cancer
2. Cancer in the elderly: Research fails to keep up with demographic change
3. Graphic warning labels improve smokers recall of warning and health risks related to smoking
4. Graphic Cig Pack Labels Make Smokers Think, Study Finds
5. Article Marketing Company Content Writing King Announces Training Of New Graphic Design Artist
6. Revised geographic adjustments could improve accuracy of Medicare payments, will not solve access, quality problems
7. Photographic cholesterol test
8. U.S. Appeals Court Backs Ruling Against Graphic Images on Cigarette Packs
9. WeightWise Infographic Spotlights Twinkies Ingredients’ Non-Food Uses
10. Get New Patients, INC Releases New Infographic titled 'Are Negative Reviews Killing Your Medical Practice?"
11. Graphic warnings on cigarettes effective across demographic groups
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/18/2017)... NC (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 , ... The ... remain on Team V, its official endurance training and fundraising team, to compete in ... V Foundation welcomes those inspired to finish the world’s oldest annual marathon to join ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Park Agencies ... planning services to families and business owners in the greater Kansas City area, ... with developmental disabilities. , The Lakemary Center is a comprehensive educational resource center ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Michael J. Hennessy Associates, Inc., (MJH), a ... Biosimilars, announced Michael J. Hennessy Associates, Inc. President Michael J. Hennessy, Jr. The ... thought leader interaction in, live video and interactive digital platforms. , In making ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... , ... Floundering on New Year’s resolutions? Need an excuse to get back ... The U.S. Apple Association agrees and recommends starting each day with apples, a ... heart disease. , The U.S. Apple Association – which represents apple growers and producers ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... California (PRWEB) , ... January 17, 2017 , ... ... have a point of difference. Eden Activewear is a stand-out company for several ... are exclusively online and only manufacture on demand, this is called 'Agile' manufacturing ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... LITTLE FALLS, N.J. , Jan. 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... RGIN ), a biotechnology company specializing in the development ... health of damaged tissues and organs, recently reported the ... key milestones for 2017. As the Company ... 2016 has been a year of substantial accomplishments. The ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global ... offering. ... global CINV drugs market to grow at a CAGR of 5.41% ... 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with ... its growth prospects over the coming years. To calculate the market ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... 2017 The report " Automated Breast Ultrasound System (ABUS) ... By End User (Hospitals, Diagnostic Imaging Centers), Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook (U.S., ... , Germany , UK, France , ... , China , Japan , ... , Saudi Arabia , UAE, South Africa ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: