Navigation Links
Government should consider public health implications of all major legislation
Date:6/21/2011

WASHINGTON Because strong evidence indicates that policies beyond the health sector have substantial effects on people's health, all levels of U.S. government should adopt a structured approach to considering the health effects of any major legislation or regulation, says a new report by the Institute of Medicine. In addition, federal and state policymakers should review and revise public health laws so that they adequately address current health challenges.

"The law has been an essential factor for improving the public's health through policies such as decreasing tobacco use, increasing road safety, and ensuring the greater healthfulness of our food and water," said Marthe Gold, chair of the committee that wrote the report and Arthur C. Logan Professor and Chair of Community Health and Social Medicine, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City College of New York, New York City. "Our report recommends several actions that will ensure that federal, state, and local public health agencies make full use of a broad array of proven legal tools that can improve population health."

Policies and regulations that lie outside the health sector can have a significant impact on people's health, including, for example, government agricultural subsidies that influence the availability and affordability of certain foods, zoning policies that create green space, and education policies that support intellectual and physical growth of America's youth. The report recommends that laws and policies that cross sectors be examined critically for potential positive and negative effects on public health. To address these concerns, government agencies should collaborate to anticipate and evaluate the health effects of major legislation. And because private-sector actions can also have major impacts on the public's health, state and local governments should form health councils to engage other public agencies and private and nonprofit stakeholders in community health improvement plans.

The report says that many public health statutes defining the roles and authorities of government health agencies have not been updated in decades and lack specific power to address current needs. Public health laws need to provide health agencies the authority to address concerns such as obesity and other chronic diseases, injuries, substance abuse, immunization registries, and surveillance systems that could help detect bioterrorist attacks or disease outbreaks.

States should also require health agencies to provide 10 Essential Public Health Services as the standard of practice and make certain that adequate funding and staffing are in place to provide these services, the report says. Previously developed by a consortium of public health groups, the list of services includes basic functions such as monitoring the health status of communities, diagnosing and investigating community health hazards, mobilizing community action, enforcing laws that protect health, and evaluating population-based services. State laws also should require public health accreditation to ensure a uniform standard of public health practice, says the report, and every health agency should have adequate access to attorneys with public health expertise.

Whenever possible, federal and state governments should set minimum public health standards and develop regulations to allow lower levels of government to enact further restrictions when necessary. For example, the Affordable Care Act requires calorie labeling on chain restaurant menus but prevents states and localities from enacting stricter regulations than the federal government in the area of menu labeling.


'/>"/>

Contact: Molly Galvin
news@nas.edu
202-334-2138
National Academy of Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UK Government plans for mentally ill prisoners are unrealistic, research suggests
2. The best way to conquer migraine is to increase government research funding, headache specialists say
3. Leopoldina makes recommendations to the G8 heads of state and government
4. CMAJ calls on federal government to protect Canadians from unsafe drugs
5. International training to assist governments of 5 African nations in detecting poor-quality drugs
6. Government of Canada announces results in fight to save women and children with malaria
7. Nursing home boom in China has little government involvement
8. New study shows government spending preferences of Americans
9. Government of Canada and Heart and Stroke Foundation take action on obesity
10. U.S. Government Bans Drop-Side Cribs
11. U.S. Government Sets New Health Goals for 2020
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... Young Asset Protection, a full service ... the latest charity campaign in their community enrichment program. Art Expression utilizes after-school ... cause are currently being accepted at: http://artexpressioninc.org/ . , Art Expression is ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... J Thomas ... by continuing it’s commitment to act as Agents of Change in the community, ... with area homeless families to fulfill immediate needs and help them move into ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Pa. (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... sort through a world of exterior design possibilities. CertainTeed, North America’s leading brand ... tools by expanding the product offerings showcased in the mobile version of the ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The Central Coast Autism Spectrum Center (CCASC) invites teens ages 11-18 ... night of fun for teens with and without special needs to gather in a safe ... the event. The dance will take place on Saturday, Feb. 13 from 7 to 9:30 ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... Film Studios. The new cartoon style themes are great for showcasing pictures, videos as ... customized scene generators, titles like introductions, lower thirds, transitions and a beautiful frame overlay. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... 12, 2016  Innophos Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: IPHS ), ... today announced that it will host a live conference call ... discuss its fourth quarter and full year 2015 results. ... release detailing fourth quarter and full year results will be ... --> --> The conference ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... -- SI-BONE, Inc., a medical device company that pioneered the use of ... (MIS) device indicated for fusion for certain disorders of the sacroiliac ... Administrative Contractor (MAC) covering the states of Connecticut ... Massachusetts , Minnesota , ... Rhode Island , Vermont ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016 On Thursday, Feb. 11, 2016, surgeons ... David,s North Austin Medical Center successfully completed the first ... ® Surgical System with Trumpf Medical,s advanced operating ... Lakshman , M.D., colorectal surgeon at the Texas Institute ... Table Motion technology, which seamlessly combines the da Vinci ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: