Navigation Links
Government should consider public health implications of all major legislation
Date:6/21/2011

WASHINGTON Because strong evidence indicates that policies beyond the health sector have substantial effects on people's health, all levels of U.S. government should adopt a structured approach to considering the health effects of any major legislation or regulation, says a new report by the Institute of Medicine. In addition, federal and state policymakers should review and revise public health laws so that they adequately address current health challenges.

"The law has been an essential factor for improving the public's health through policies such as decreasing tobacco use, increasing road safety, and ensuring the greater healthfulness of our food and water," said Marthe Gold, chair of the committee that wrote the report and Arthur C. Logan Professor and Chair of Community Health and Social Medicine, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City College of New York, New York City. "Our report recommends several actions that will ensure that federal, state, and local public health agencies make full use of a broad array of proven legal tools that can improve population health."

Policies and regulations that lie outside the health sector can have a significant impact on people's health, including, for example, government agricultural subsidies that influence the availability and affordability of certain foods, zoning policies that create green space, and education policies that support intellectual and physical growth of America's youth. The report recommends that laws and policies that cross sectors be examined critically for potential positive and negative effects on public health. To address these concerns, government agencies should collaborate to anticipate and evaluate the health effects of major legislation. And because private-sector actions can also have major impacts on the public's health, state and local governments should form health councils to engage other public agencies and private and nonprofit stakeholders in community health improvement plans.

The report says that many public health statutes defining the roles and authorities of government health agencies have not been updated in decades and lack specific power to address current needs. Public health laws need to provide health agencies the authority to address concerns such as obesity and other chronic diseases, injuries, substance abuse, immunization registries, and surveillance systems that could help detect bioterrorist attacks or disease outbreaks.

States should also require health agencies to provide 10 Essential Public Health Services as the standard of practice and make certain that adequate funding and staffing are in place to provide these services, the report says. Previously developed by a consortium of public health groups, the list of services includes basic functions such as monitoring the health status of communities, diagnosing and investigating community health hazards, mobilizing community action, enforcing laws that protect health, and evaluating population-based services. State laws also should require public health accreditation to ensure a uniform standard of public health practice, says the report, and every health agency should have adequate access to attorneys with public health expertise.

Whenever possible, federal and state governments should set minimum public health standards and develop regulations to allow lower levels of government to enact further restrictions when necessary. For example, the Affordable Care Act requires calorie labeling on chain restaurant menus but prevents states and localities from enacting stricter regulations than the federal government in the area of menu labeling.


'/>"/>

Contact: Molly Galvin
news@nas.edu
202-334-2138
National Academy of Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UK Government plans for mentally ill prisoners are unrealistic, research suggests
2. The best way to conquer migraine is to increase government research funding, headache specialists say
3. Leopoldina makes recommendations to the G8 heads of state and government
4. CMAJ calls on federal government to protect Canadians from unsafe drugs
5. International training to assist governments of 5 African nations in detecting poor-quality drugs
6. Government of Canada announces results in fight to save women and children with malaria
7. Nursing home boom in China has little government involvement
8. New study shows government spending preferences of Americans
9. Government of Canada and Heart and Stroke Foundation take action on obesity
10. U.S. Government Bans Drop-Side Cribs
11. U.S. Government Sets New Health Goals for 2020
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... The Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA) is pleased to announce ... process has been in place since the RBMA was founded in 1968 with all ... Jim Hamilton, MHA, CMM, FRBMA, as president. Dr. Dickerson the chief executive officer for ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... exposed to more adverse experiences than children in the general population. That’s because ... abuse, neglect or other family challenges. While no fault of their own, youth ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... of America (UCAOA) and College of Urgent Care Medicine will host industry leaders ... sessions and speakers will help those in the industry adapt to the issues ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... People are starting to accept ... a hearing aid doesn’t have the stigma it had when great-grandpa wore his hearing ... Greater Boston, in a NALA North American Speaker Series (NASS) segment. “He ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas, has published a ... does not. Yisrayl says with so many titles and names for the Creator, it’s ... with a little Scripture, backed with a lot of research, the truth is undeniable. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... PLANO, Texas , April 20, 2017  Vivify ... via mobile devices, has been awarded a very significant ... care via EMRs to continual care via digital health. ... of key intellectual property and further secures Vivify,s position ... Vivify, launched in 2009, was the first company to ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 2017  CVS Pharmacy, the retail division of ... store design to enhance the retail customer experience ... products and expanded beauty selections paired with informational ... new offerings. Together with its innovative digital programs, ... customer experience at CVS Pharmacy.  ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 NeuroVive Pharmaceutical AB (Nasdaq ... positive preclinical results demonstrating anti-fibrotic effects with ... steatohepatitis (NASH), in an additional well-validated experimental ... has previously shown similar anti-fibrotic effects in ... scientists present novel data demonstrating anti-fibrotic effects ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: