Navigation Links
Got the sniffles? Migraines spike with allergies and hay fever, researchers find
Date:11/25/2013

CINCINNATI People with migraine who also battle allergies and hay fever (rhinitis) endure a more severe form of headaches than their peers who struggle with migraine, but aren't affected by the seasonal or year-round sniffles, according to researchers from the University of Cincinnati (UC), Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Vedanta Research.

About 12 percent of the U.S. population experiences migraine, which is three times more common in women than men. Allergies and hay feveralso known as allergic rhinitisare quite common as well, affecting anywhere from a quarter to half of the U.S. population. They produce symptoms such as a stuffy and runny nose, post nasal drip and itching of the nose.

The results were published in the Monday, Nov. 25, 2013, online edition of the journal Cephalalgia. The study is one of the first tying the relationship of rhinitisirritation and inflammation of the nasal mucus membrane caused by allergic and non-allergic triggersto the frequency of migraine headaches, says Vincent Martin, MD, professor of medicine in UC's division of general internal medicine, co-director of the Headache and Facial Pain Program at UC and lead author of the study.

"We are not sure whether the rhinitis causes the increased frequency of headaches or whether the migraine attacks themselves produce symptoms of rhinitis in these patients," Martin says. "What we can say is if you have these symptoms, you are more likely to have more frequent and disabling headaches."

Martin and Jonathan Bernstein, MD, professor of medicine and director of clinical research in the division of immunology, allergy and rheumatology at UC, teamed with Richard Lipton, MD, and Dawn Buse, PhD, both of Montefiore and Einstein; and Kristina Fanning, PhD; Daniel Serrano, PhD; and Michael Reed, PhD, all from Vedanta Research, to conduct the study.

The researchers analyzed data from the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention (AMPP) Study. A 2008 questionnaire was filled out by nearly 6,000 AMPP Study respondents from across the country who have experienced migraine. To define rhinitis, participants were asked the question, "Do you suffer from nasal allergies, seasonal allergies or hayfever?"

Rhinitis occurred in two out of three people with migraine in this study. Bernstein adds, "The fact that rhinitis occurred in more than half of these individuals emphasizes that these disorders are intimately linked."

Based on the results, researchers found the odds of experiencing more frequent headaches for individuals with rhinitis and migraine was 33 percent greater than those battling migraines without rhinitis.

The study also categorized participants with rhinitis in subsetsallergic, mixed and non-allergic rhinitisbased upon their response to questions regarding specific allergic and non-allergic rhinitis triggers. They were considered to have "allergic rhinitis" if they "only" reported having nasal symptoms with exposure to allergic triggers such as cats, dogs, molds or tree pollens. They were called "mixed rhinitis" if they "not only" had nasal symptoms with allergic triggers, but also had them with non-allergic triggers such as cigarette smoke, weather changes, perfumes and gasoline. They had "non-allergic rhinitis" if they "only" reported having symptoms when exposed to non-allergic triggers.

Those with mixed rhinitisexperiencing both allergic and non-allergic triggersfared worse than others. They were 45 percent more likely to experience more frequent headaches and 60 percent more likely to endure headaches more disabling than those without rhinitis.

These findings could have implications for treatment, says Richard Lipton, MD, co-director of the Montefiore Headache Center, professor of neurology at Einstein and principal investigator of the study.

"The nose has largely been ignored as an important site involved in the initiation and exacerbation of migraine headache," Lipton explains. "If rhinitis exacerbates migraine, as these results suggest, treating rhinitis may provide an important approach to relieving headache in people with both disorders."

This builds on past research conducted by UC researchers regarding the link between allergic rhinitis and migraine, explains Martin. They found in a past study that migraine patients with allergic rhinitis receiving allergy shots had 52 percent fewer migraine attacks than those not receiving allergy shots.

"This and other research indicate that allergies and hayfever may not just represent innocent bystanders in the migraine patient," Martin states. "Clearly more research needs to be done to define their precise role."


'/>"/>

Contact: Cedric Ricks
cedric.ricks@uc.edu
513-558-4657
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Ice Cream Headaches Might Offer Clues to Migraines
2. Migraines More Likely for People With Celiac Disease, Study Says
3. Two-Drug Combo Helps Teens With Migraines
4. Red Wine, Weather May Trigger Migraines
5. Good news: Migraines hurt your head but not your brain
6. Migraines Not Linked to Decline in Thinking Skills
7. Behavior issues are a bigger headache for children with migraines
8. Migraines May Hurt Kids Grades Too
9. Caddy Products, LLC, Makers of FaceCaddy Therapeutic Ice and Heat Wrap, Launches EyesCaddy and BackCaddy to Address Sinus Pain, Migraines and Back Pain.
10. FDA Approves 1st Skin Patch to Combat Migraines
11. Study Questions Importance of Triggers in Setting Off Migraines
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... May 2016 – Lips ... central to popular cosmetic improvement efforts. Record numbers of clients now ask about lip ... or pouty, says Kally Papantoniou, MD, of Advanced Dermatology P.C. , The ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, ... ... organization promoting quality-based imaging practices, is seeking nominations to serve on its ... diagnostic imaging. , “RadSite’s quality-benchmarking activities incorporate key process and ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... In Madeira Beach Florida, a ... a single drawbridge, citizens formed an organization, Madeira Beach United, to oppose two development ... the small town center to a high rise urban environment. , According to the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently awarded their highest five-star ... High blood pressure affects millions of people worldwide, and many patients use prescription ... heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and hardening of the arteries. However, prescription medications ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... With long-term experience ... President of Business Intelligence and Informatics, effective immediately. http://www.fluidedgeconsulting.com , As ... as a healthcare business and financial strategist for over 20 years. By ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016  Zymo Research ... for their new reference materials that help researchers ... sample collection to analyses. The rapid growth of ... for researchers to have standard methods to improve ... generated. Biases inherently exist at every step of ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... As illustrated by the Spring ... the numbers and momentum of cannabis in the US ... billions, more research and development push the sector forward. ... Legal Marijuana Markets Report  from from ArcView Market Research ... the increase in sector is attributed to adult use ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016 MedDay, a ... announces that an oral presentation entitled "High doses of biotin ... trial" will be given by Professor Ayman Tourbah , ... Congress of the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) in ... related disorders 3" will take place on Sunday, 29 May ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: