Navigation Links
Good marriage can buffer effects of dad's depression on young children
Date:5/22/2013

URBANA What effect does a father's depression have on his young son or daughter? When fathers report a high level of emotional intimacy in their marriage, their children benefit, said a University of Illinois study.

"When a parent is interacting with their child, they need to be able to attend to the child's emotional state, be cued in to his developmental stage and abilities, and notice whether he is getting frustrated or needs help. Depressed parents have more difficulty doing that," said Nancy McElwain, a U of I professor of human development.

But if a depressed dad has a close relationship with a partner who listens to and supports him, the quality of father-child interaction improves, she noted.

"A supportive spouse appears to buffer the effects of the father's depression. We can see it in children's behavior when they're working with their dad. The kids are more persistent and engaged," said Jennifer Engle, the study's lead author.

In the study, the researchers used data from a subset of 606 children and their parents who participated in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development.

When their child was 4 years old, parents ranked themselves on two scales: one that assessed depressive symptoms and another that elicited their perceptions of emotional intimacy in their marriage. Parents were also observed interacting with their child during semi-structured tasks when the children were 4, then 6 years old.

"At this stage of a child's development, an engaged parent is very important. The son's or daughter's ability to focus and persist with a task when they are frustrated is critical in making a successful transition from preschool to formal schooling," Engle said.

Interestingly, depressed mothers didn't get the same boost from a supportive spouse.

That may be because men and women respond to depression differently, she added. "Men tend to withdraw; women tend to ruminate. We think that high emotional intimacy and sharing in the marriage may encourage a woman's tendency to ruminate about her depression, disrupting her ability to be available and supportive with her children."

Depressed men, on the other hand, are more likely to withdraw from their partners. "This makes emotional intimacy in the marriage an important protective factor for fathers," McElwain said.

The study emphasizes the need for depressed parents to seek support, if not from their spouses, from friends, family, and medical professionals, she added.

The article was published in Developmental Psychology and is available pre-publication online at http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2013-14498-001/. Jennifer M. Engle, now of Sewanee, the University of the South, and Nancy L. McElwain of the University of Illinois are co-authors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Military Marriages Stay Strong in Face of Challenges: Study
2. Expert Marriage & Relationship Therapist Is Offering Free Professional Assistance To Porn Addicts
3. Marriage & Relationship Therapist Launches A Website To Help Porn Addicts
4. Marriage Sherpa Offers Free Report on How To Survive An Affair
5. Porn Addicts Can Now Find Free Professional Assistance from a Relationship & Marriage Therapist’s New Website
6. Money Woes Weaken the Institution of Marriage: Study
7. Marriage has different meanings for blacks and whites
8. Understanding flirtation in negotiation, shooter bias, love during marriage, and more
9. Study examines the relationship between marriage and alcohol
10. Emotional disconnection disorder threatens marriages, researcher says
11. College Students: 25 Is Perfect Age for Marriage
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... Peoples Health ... Peoples Health network on Dec. 1, 2016. Peoples Health, a Metairie-based Medicare Advantage ... is an exciting addition to our provider network, and the addition will benefit ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... Houston, TEXAS (PRWEB) , ... January 17, 2017 ... ... solution provider, today announced its partnership with Sigfox in the U.S.A. ... to cities nationwide including new offerings on large-scale environmental sensor deployments such ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... SC&H Group, a leading audit, tax, ... in its IT Advisory Services practice . Rossi is the third technology consulting ... for strategic IT guidance grows, and the practice continues to expand.     , Bringing more ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... 17, 2017 , ... Physicians Education Review®, LCC (PER®) announces ... for the 34th Annual Miami Breast Cancer Conference®, on March 9-12, 2017 at ... Talamo, said, “We are delighted to have Sandra Lee join us as our ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... , ... Many people make New Year’s resolutions or renew their commitment to better health with ... for people who want to kick off 2017 with better smiles. Dr. Mondavi is offering ... special offers include: , , A new patient package for just ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... , January 18, 2017 Ximbio, ... to share research resources, has opened its first North American ... ... marks an expansion for Ximbio following its launch in October ... Research Technology (CRT), the commercialization arm of the foundation Cancer ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017  Astellas Pharma Inc. ... ) today announced its participation in Access Accelerated, ... non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention, diagnostics and treatment in ... other leading pharmaceutical companies and in collaboration with ... International Cancer Control (UICC), Astellas will work towards ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... -- Secretary of Health Dr. Karen Murphy ... are warning Pennsylvanians of the potentially lethal risks ... the drug in Beaver County . ... animals and is not meant for humans – it ... it," Secretary Murphy said. "It,s absolutely essential that first ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: