Navigation Links
Global warning: Hotter days, increased hospitalizations for respiratory problems
Date:2/19/2009

High summer temperatures, pushed higher by global climate change, may bring with them a spike in hospitalizations for respiratory problems, according to an analysis of data from twelve European cities, from Dublin to Valencia. The data comes from the "Assessment and Prevention of Acute Health Effects of Weather Conditions in Europe" (PHEWE), a multi-center, three-year collaboration between epidemiologists, meteorologists and experts in public health collaboration that investigated the short-term effects of weather in Europe.

As climate change has gone from a scientific theory to an accepted and encroaching reality, more extreme weather, including hotter summers, is anticipated around the planet. But the secondary effects of climate change are also coming into sharper focus.

The PHEWE project evaluated the effects of higher temperatures on hospitalizations for a number of different conditions in Europe. They found that for every degree increase over a temperature threshold, there was a four percent average increase in respiratory-related hospitalizations, but not for cardiovascular or neurovascular- related problems.

The results were published in the first issue for March of the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

"The PHEWE project represents the first attempt to evaluate the effect of temperature on several morbidity outcomes using a standardized methodology in a multi-center European study," wrote Paola Michelozzi Ph.D., head of Environmental Epidemiology at the Department Epidemiology of the Local Health Authority, in Rome.

The study tracked hospital admissions in twelve European cities. Each city provided data for a minimum of a three-year period between 1990 and 2001 that included hospital admissions, meteorological and air pollution data. They then computed a "maximum apparent temperature"Tappmax for each city, using an index that accounted for both air temperature and humidity. At the far ends of the spectrum, the researchers found that Dublin had a Tappmax of 14.7C (about 58F) whereas Valencia's was 29.5C (about 85F). In most cities, each degree increase over 90 percent of the Tappmax, respiratory disease-related hospital admissions increased for all ages and especially in the 75+ age group.

Interestingly, while cardiovascular deaths are known to go up with the temperature, there was a slight decrease in hospitalizations. The researchers speculated that the acute onset of cardiovascular events could result in sudden deaths before medical treatment was possible.

"The contrasting pattern between admissions and mortality could also be related to differences in physiopathologic mechanisms," wrote Dr. Michelozzi. "...[C]ardiovascular deaths during hot days tend to occur suddenly in persons whose health is compromised. Respiratory mortality, on the contrary, tends to peak later than cardiovascular mortality, with effects observed up to three weeks after exposure..."

Despite the increase of respiratory-related hospitalizations overall, the observed effect was heterogeneous among cities, indicating the need for further study.

"This is in part due to differences in exposure, the large variability among the cities analyzed, the differences in adaptive capacity and the vulnerability of populations due to their socio-demographic characteristics, as well as differences in the preventive measures in place," said Dr. Michelozzi. "Moreover, across European countries there is wide variation in healthcare and hospital admissions availability. Although all these differences are important, our results document an effect of high temperature on hospital admissions for respiratory causes in several cities, and this is the strength of the study."

"These findings are important for public health because the prevalence of chronic diseases, such as COPD, is expected to increase in developed countries as a result of population aging," wrote Dr. Michelozzi. "Furthermore, under climate change scenarios, the increase in extreme weather events and certain air pollutants, especially ozone, are likely to further aggravate chronic respiratory diseases. Public health interventions should be directed at preventing this additional burden of disease during the summer season. The observed heterogeneity of the health effects indicates a need to tailor programs for individual cities."


'/>"/>

Contact: Keely Savoie
ksavoie@thoracic.org
212-315-8620
American Thoracic Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Companion Global Healthcare Expands Service to Include Hospitals in Mexico
2. The Canadian Foundation for Global Health Announces a Research and Development Partnership with Medizone International, Inc.
3. Global Economic Meltdown - Is the European Cardiac Rhythm Management Market Spared?
4. Big Arrow Group Expands Global Capabilities with Addition of Anne de Schweinitz
5. Nucletron and Advanced Radiation Therapy (ART) Jointly Announce a Global, Strategic Partnership to Offer AccuBoost(R) for Image-Guided Breast Irradiation
6. Global Med Technologies(R) Systems Now in All 50 States
7. Global Capacity Reports Momentum in Healthcare Market
8. Mercury in Fish is a Global Health Concern
9. Activplant Corporation Announces Global Agreement with GlaxoSmithKline
10. Covance to Present at the 2009 UBS Global Healthcare Services Conference
11. Optimal Readings to Present at 2009 UBS Global Healthcare Services Conference
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/31/2016)... Beach, Florida (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 ... ... to Jay Butch of CertainTeed Corporation, he knew it was something that contractors ... as state-of-the-art and cutting-edge as it gets,” says Butch, CertainTeed’s Director of Contractor ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... Newport Beach, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... ... trust among colleagues, clients, and the industry as a whole. On June 2, Northbound ... Coast Symposium on Addictive Disorders (WCSAD) and presenting the opening plenary on “Leadership: The ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... WaterField Designs, an innovative leader in custom laptop sleeve s, ... Kit , the ideal gift upgrade for Dad this Father’s Day . Made ... designed for Dad’s grooming routine. Two compartments keep items separated and organized. A leather ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... 31, 2016 , ... Interest is on the rise for using the CRISPR-Cas9 ... tool for RNAi hit validation. A key reason may be that high-throughput synthesis—combined with ... CRISPR RNA (crRNA) collections in arrayed formats. , Arrayed crRNA screens ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... MinerEye today announced ... Security Infrastructure Protection report by Gartner1 Inc. , Each year, Gartner identifies new ... evaluating these innovative vendors and their products and services. , According to Gartner, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 According ... of hypertension is driving ambulatory blood pressure monitoring system ... elasticity and their ability to respond to different pressure ... condition can lead to various cardiovascular disorders such as ... disease. These diseases are growing in prevalence each year. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 According ... "Medical Waste Management Market - U.S. Industry Analysis, Size, Share, ... management market in the U.S. was valued at US$ 5.89 ... CAGR of 3.4% from 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ ... analysis of current and emerging needle free drug delivery devices ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... FDA 510(k) clearance covers ... for urological and surgical applications Mauna ... Cellvizio®, the multidisciplinary confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) platform, ... US with the 12 th 510(k) clearance ... This new FDA clearance covers Confocal Miniprobes indicated ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: