Navigation Links
Global health researchers urge integrating de-worming into HIV care in Africa
Date:8/2/2012

HIV care centers are an important and highly accessed point of care for HIV-infected children and their families in sub-Saharan Africa, but opportunities to address other health issues are being missed. Proven interventions, including routine deworming among young children, could be effectively integrated into HIV care according to a newly published article in PLoS by University of Washington researchers.

The article, "Integration of Deworming into HIV Care and Treatment: A Neglected Opportunity," estimates that millions of HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa are also infested with parasitic worms, called helminths. The parasitic infestations have enormous health consequences, including anemia, malnutrition, and impaired cognitive development, and may also increase the progression of HIV.

Helen Gerns, the lead researcher on the paper, said that the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends annual or bi-annual deworming of children in schools as a cost-effective strategy to diminish the consequences of chronic helminth infection. However, many children are not routinely being dewormed through programs in schools. This, despite the fact that standard treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infection entails only a single 400 mg dose of albendazole, making routine deworming of children a simple intervention. In addition to missing those children who are unable to attend school during deworming campaigns, school based deworming misses pre-school aged children.

"Annual deworming of preschool-aged children is safe and highly effective in reducing parasite prevalence and intensity, malnutrition, and risk of stunting, but a formal policy does not yet exist to target this age group," said the researchers. "Because children are infected and often diagnosed with HIV while very young, preschool-aged children can easily be dewormed in HIV clinics, along with their siblings, to reduce the occurrence of reinfection."

Deworming HIV-infected children may have additional benefits, including delaying the progression of HIV, reducing other infections, and increasing responsiveness to vaccines.

"Population-level data show that regional variations in vaccine efficacy correlate with variations in the prevalence of enteric [gut] pathogens," according to the article. The article cites increased efficiency in the rotavirus vaccine and polio eradication efforts in countries with fewer cases of helminth infections.

"Children who failed to respond to oral poliovirus vaccinations were 25 percent more likely to harbor infections with intestinal parasites than vaccine responders," according to the article.

"Given that deworming is standard medical care among all children in many settings, we should not miss such an effective, inexpensive and practical opportunity to deworm HIV-infected children," said co-author Dr. Judd Walson, assistant professor of global health at the University of Washington.


'/>"/>
Contact: Bobbi Nodell
bnodell@uw.edu
206-543-7129
University of Washington
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NIH awards $20 million over 5 years to train next generation of global health researchers
2. Canada should play a role in addressing the global cancer epidemic
3. Global cardiology leaders meet in Dubai
4. Global, common approach to pharmaceutical supply chain integrity the focus of workshop
5. International breast health global summit will focus on supportive care and quality of life
6. Scientists rewrite rulebook on breast cancer in landmark global study
7. Global CVD leaders call the world to action - 25 by 2025 - from the World Congress of Cardiology
8. Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases launched to tackle killer diseases
9. UCLA researchers combat global disease with a cell phone, Google Maps and a lot of ingenuity
10. New study identifies how information technology is used to solve global health challenges
11. New global report says US lags behind 130 other nations in preterm birth rate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Finding ... God #TruthwithGrace”: a devotional journal chronicling the writer’s path toward true communion with ... Walk with God #TruthwithGrace” is the creation of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation of Christian Love” is the creation ... North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He and his wife are the proud ... also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , “Love, the agape kind, is seen ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... “The Adventures ... loving, smart and silly dog who lives his life to the fullest, as God ... of published author Patti Holmgren, a mother and grandmother pursuing her passion for writing, ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... A recent report from the National Council on ... The NCTQ report suggests, based on a review of GPA and SAT/ACT requirements at ... in the U.S. It argues that this higher bar should be set by states, ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Virginia (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... public health services to their communities, 16 more public health departments have been ... week’s decisions bring another 4.5 million people into the expanding network of communities ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 ... research report created through extensive primary research (inputs ... the report aims to present the analysis of ... of Procedure (Replacement and Repair); Replacement Procedure By ... Repair By Technique (Surgical Devices, Balloon Valvuloplasty, Transcatheter ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017  The U.S. Food and Drug ... the treatment of adults and pediatric patients 12 years ... those who have not received prior chemotherapy. This is ... aggressive form of skin cancer. "While skin ... with a rare form called Merkel cell cancer have ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... and VANCOUVER, British Columbia , ... SPHS ) (the "Company" or "Sophiris"), a clinical ... of urological diseases, today announced that data from its ... drug as a focal treatment for localized prostate cancer, ... 2017 at the 32 nd Annual European Association ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: