Navigation Links
Global health researchers urge integrating de-worming into HIV care in Africa
Date:8/2/2012

HIV care centers are an important and highly accessed point of care for HIV-infected children and their families in sub-Saharan Africa, but opportunities to address other health issues are being missed. Proven interventions, including routine deworming among young children, could be effectively integrated into HIV care according to a newly published article in PLoS by University of Washington researchers.

The article, "Integration of Deworming into HIV Care and Treatment: A Neglected Opportunity," estimates that millions of HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa are also infested with parasitic worms, called helminths. The parasitic infestations have enormous health consequences, including anemia, malnutrition, and impaired cognitive development, and may also increase the progression of HIV.

Helen Gerns, the lead researcher on the paper, said that the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends annual or bi-annual deworming of children in schools as a cost-effective strategy to diminish the consequences of chronic helminth infection. However, many children are not routinely being dewormed through programs in schools. This, despite the fact that standard treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infection entails only a single 400 mg dose of albendazole, making routine deworming of children a simple intervention. In addition to missing those children who are unable to attend school during deworming campaigns, school based deworming misses pre-school aged children.

"Annual deworming of preschool-aged children is safe and highly effective in reducing parasite prevalence and intensity, malnutrition, and risk of stunting, but a formal policy does not yet exist to target this age group," said the researchers. "Because children are infected and often diagnosed with HIV while very young, preschool-aged children can easily be dewormed in HIV clinics, along with their siblings, to reduce the occurrence of reinfection."

Deworming HIV-infected children may have additional benefits, including delaying the progression of HIV, reducing other infections, and increasing responsiveness to vaccines.

"Population-level data show that regional variations in vaccine efficacy correlate with variations in the prevalence of enteric [gut] pathogens," according to the article. The article cites increased efficiency in the rotavirus vaccine and polio eradication efforts in countries with fewer cases of helminth infections.

"Children who failed to respond to oral poliovirus vaccinations were 25 percent more likely to harbor infections with intestinal parasites than vaccine responders," according to the article.

"Given that deworming is standard medical care among all children in many settings, we should not miss such an effective, inexpensive and practical opportunity to deworm HIV-infected children," said co-author Dr. Judd Walson, assistant professor of global health at the University of Washington.


'/>"/>
Contact: Bobbi Nodell
bnodell@uw.edu
206-543-7129
University of Washington
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NIH awards $20 million over 5 years to train next generation of global health researchers
2. Canada should play a role in addressing the global cancer epidemic
3. Global cardiology leaders meet in Dubai
4. Global, common approach to pharmaceutical supply chain integrity the focus of workshop
5. International breast health global summit will focus on supportive care and quality of life
6. Scientists rewrite rulebook on breast cancer in landmark global study
7. Global CVD leaders call the world to action - 25 by 2025 - from the World Congress of Cardiology
8. Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases launched to tackle killer diseases
9. UCLA researchers combat global disease with a cell phone, Google Maps and a lot of ingenuity
10. New study identifies how information technology is used to solve global health challenges
11. New global report says US lags behind 130 other nations in preterm birth rate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... The Gluten-Free Certification Program ... to announce the launch of the GFCP Scoop in response to ... purpose of the GFCP Scoop site is to keep the gluten-free ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Dr. Robert Mondavi, one of the ... Cosmetic dentistry is a fast-growing field as more patients are discovering the many different ... more about the options currently available to them and which ones might work for ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Reltok Nasal Products ... products for the head and neck/ear, nose and throat specialty, has added the KOTLER ... The KOTLER NASAL AIRWAY™ is a newly patented safety device secured by nasal ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Jvion, ... round of funding led by Eastside Partners, with participation from existing investor Martin ... customer base and accelerate its technology and product roadmap. , “Jvion ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Regenerative Medicine Solutions (RMS) scored 94.8124 out of ... them second place for Tampa’s Best Places to Work. They were ranked in the ... great accomplishment for our team,” says RMS Human Resources Manager Irene Miller. “We work ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016   Click here ... Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), the nation,s largest independent ... a definitive agreement to acquire Valley Campus Pharmacy, ... ("TNH"), a leading specialty pharmacy that provides individualized ... California . In 2015, TNH generated approximately ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... April 28, 2016  The blood testing market in ... according to Kalorama Information and The Freedonia Group in ... nucleic acid testing.  The healthcare research firm said that ... developing blood collection stations and in improving testing at ... Information,s report, Blood Testing Market in China ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 28, 2016   Acsis , a leading provider ... IT market research and advisory firm IDC has named ... MarketScape: Worldwide Pharmaceutical Track and Trace Software 2016 Vendor ... an assessment of the capabilities and business strategies of ... market. Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160427/360791LOGO ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: