Navigation Links
Global Tobacco Use Remains High, Survey Finds
Date:8/17/2012

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Because pro-tobacco forces often overshadow less well-funded tobacco-control strategies, global tobacco use remains high, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, according to the world's largest study on tobacco use.

The research, published Aug. 17 in the journal The Lancet, revealed that more resources are needed to fully implement tobacco-control strategies to educate people about the harmful effects of tobacco products and help them quit smoking.

"Our data reflect industry efforts to promote tobacco use," lead study author Gary Giovino, chairman of the department of community health and health behavior at the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, said in a university news release. "These include marketing and mass media campaigns by companies that make smoking seem glamorous, especially for women. The industry's marketing efforts also equate tobacco use with Western themes, such as freedom and gender equality."

"Governments around the world need to start giving economic and regulatory advantages to agricultural products that promote health instead of to products like tobacco that kill people," Giovino added.

The study involved 14 low- and middle-income countries involved in the Global Adult Tobacco Survey. Specifically, the researchers focused on Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Mexico, the Philippines, Poland, Russia, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay and Vietnam. From 2008 to 2010, more than 248,000 people from these countries were interviewed in person on their tobacco use.

The interviews were compared to nearly 189,000 surveys conducted in the United States and the United Kingdom.

The investigators found that 49 percent of men and 11 percent of women in the Global Adult Tobacco Survey countries smoked or used smokeless tobacco. Although rates of smoking among women from these countries remained low, they started smoking earlier. The women started using tobacco around age 17, rather than in their 20s.

The most popular form of tobacco is cigarettes, the research showed, and 64 percent of tobacco users were smokers.

China had the highest number of tobacco users, including about 53 percent of men. In all, 301 million Chinese people used some form of tobacco. India trailed closely behind with 274 million tobacco users (48 percent of men). The researchers noted quit ratios were also lowest in these countries, along with Russia and Egypt.

The study authors pointed out that pro-tobacco forces in these countries impede efforts to control tobacco use and, in some countries, the government actually owns the tobacco industry.

"China National Tobacco, for example, which is owned by the Chinese government, sponsors dozens of elementary schools, where students are subjected to pro-tobacco propaganda. Some messages even equate tobacco use with academic success," said Giovino, who is also a former chief of epidemiology in the Office on Smoking and Health at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "I find that mind-boggling."

The tobacco industry also has developed ways to make tobacco products more palatable for nonsmokers who are using them for the first time, the investigators found.

"These products are technologically designed to mask harshness, provide particular taste sensations and increase nicotine delivery," the study authors wrote.

"These characteristics are designed to ease the transition from experimentation to regular use, especially among young people," Giovino explained.

Quit ratios were highest in the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as in Brazil and Uruguay, where tobacco-control programs are the strongest, the researchers pointed out.

"In the absence of effective actions, about 1 billion people worldwide will die prematurely in the next century from tobacco use, and most of those deaths -- and the health care and economic costs that come with them -- will be borne by lower- and middle-income countries," Giovino said.

Tobacco-control strategies need more funding so tobacco use can be monitored, nonsmokers can be protected and those who use tobacco products can get the help they need to quit, the researchers concluded.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more information on smoking and tobacco use.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University at Buffalo, news release, Aug. 16, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. NIH awards $20 million over 5 years to train next generation of global health researchers
2. Canada should play a role in addressing the global cancer epidemic
3. Global cardiology leaders meet in Dubai
4. Global, common approach to pharmaceutical supply chain integrity the focus of workshop
5. International breast health global summit will focus on supportive care and quality of life
6. Scientists rewrite rulebook on breast cancer in landmark global study
7. Global CVD leaders call the world to action - 25 by 2025 - from the World Congress of Cardiology
8. Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases launched to tackle killer diseases
9. UCLA researchers combat global disease with a cell phone, Google Maps and a lot of ingenuity
10. New study identifies how information technology is used to solve global health challenges
11. New global report says US lags behind 130 other nations in preterm birth rate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Global Tobacco Use Remains High, Survey Finds
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 ... dangers associated with chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery ... are suffering with Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm ... 2016 Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this recognition are considered ... Seven Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join The ‘Business for a ... an hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase at the same rate ... assure the wage floor does not erode again, and make future increases more predictable. , ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... is proud to recognize Dr. Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent plastic surgeon ... beautiful women in the world, and the most handsome men, look naturally attractive. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment firm Slone Partners ... extensive sequencing and genomics experience, as Vice President of North American Capital Sales at ... responsible for leading the sales team in the commercialization of the HTG EdgeSeq system ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... Mass. , June 24, 2016   Pulmatrix, ... pharmaceutical company developing innovative inhaled drugs, announced today that ... Russell Investments reconstituted its comprehensive set of ... "This is an important milestone for Pulmatrix," ... will increase shareholder awareness of our progress in developing ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. , June 23, 2016 ... faced the many challenges of the current process. Many of ... option because of the technical difficulties and high laboratory costs ... would have to offer it at such a high cost ... to afford it. Dr. Parsa Zadeh , ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Capricor Therapeutics, Inc. ... biotechnology company focused on the discovery, development and ... enrollment in its ongoing randomized HOPE-Duchenne clinical trial ... of its 24-patient target. Capricor expects the trial ... of 2016, and to report top line data ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: