Navigation Links
Genetic variants predict recurrence of bladder cancer, patient survival
Date:4/20/2009

DENVER - Scientists at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have discovered genetic variations in the inflammation pathway that reduce the likelihood of recurrence and increase survival of patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) who are treated with mainstream therapy.

Patients with risk-reducing genotypes were 84 percent less likely to have their disease recur after treatment with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), the prevailing immunotherapy to prevent high-risk NMIBC patients from developing recurrence. The recurrence-free median survival time among these patients was 96.7 months compared with 47 months among those with the more typical genotype, the team reported at the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research.

"The future purpose of this kind of study is personalized cancer therapy," said senior author Xifeng Wu, M.D., Ph.D., a professor in the Department of Epidemiology at M. D. Anderson. "This genetic information is an essential step toward constructing a blueprint that will determine treatment response and follow-up strategy."

Currently, the primary treatment for NMIBC is transurethral resection - surgical removal of the tumor tissues from bladder - combined with chemotherapy or immunotherapy such as BCG injection. Overall, the recurrence rate is around 50 percent over four years.

In this study of 596 patients at M. D. Anderson, 46 percent of those who had a common genotype of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene experienced a recurrence after receiving maintenance BCG therapy. Only 22 percent of patients with the variant-containing genotypes had a recurrence with the same treatment. The results suggest that BCG may be more effective when administered to individuals with genotypes containing the variant allele of the iNOS gene.

"We aimed to determine why some patients respond to BCG and others don't," said lead author Hushan Yang, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Epidemiology at M. D. Anderson.

Yang and his colleagues evaluated 59 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 35 major inflammation genes. Using a combined analysis, they stratified patients into multiple risk groups. Those patients in the high-risk group were found to have a median survival time of only 13.5 months, while those in the low-risk group were recurrence free for more than 96.7 months.

"Once validated, the next step will be to create a risk prediction model," said Wu. "Combining the information we have with other aspects such as clinical, epidemiological and behavioral variables, as well as tumor characteristics, patient characteristics and other genetic information will allow treating physicians to know whether their patient is likely to respond to therapy or experience a recurrence."


'/>"/>

Contact: Scott Merville
smerville@mdanderson.org
713-516-4855
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Genetic source of rare childhood cancer found; gene is implicated in other cancers
2. Bruce R. Korf, MD, PhD is Named President of the American College of Medical Genetics
3. Genetic risk factors play role in autoantibody-negative rheumatoid arthritis
4. Gene Network Sciences Names Departing Merck Head of Genetics Eric Schadt as Co-Chair of Scientific Advisory Board
5. Interleukin Genetics Grants LABEC Pharma a License for Sales and Distribution of Its Heart Health Genetic Test
6. Genetic Finding May Lead to Male Contraceptive
7. Genetic link uncovered in disparate colon cancer death
8. Interleukin Genetics Receives NYSE Amex Staff Determination, Requests Oral Hearing Before the Listing Qualifications Panel
9. Roberta A. Pagon Receives Lifetime Award in Genetics from March of Dimes
10. Genetic changes outside nuclear DNA suspected to trigger more than half of all cancers
11. Researchers Suspect Genetic Link to COPD
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Genetic variants predict recurrence of bladder cancer, patient survival
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... in the greater Dallas, Miami, and Raleigh regions, is organizing an extended charity ... a rare and deadly chromosome abnormality. , After struggling since birth with several ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... While it’s often ... a problem. Fortunately, an inventor from Austin, Texas, has identified a solution. , She ... in darkness or restricted lighting. As such, it eliminates the need to turn on ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... PurhealthRX , a leading Health and Nutrition Company, is announcing the ... spectrum CBD oil will revolutionize the rapidly growing CBD market by reducing the amount ... into liquid products, while reducing costs to end users. , The team of researchers ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Apple Rehab Shelton Lakes , which ... evacuation of the facility as part of a disaster drill on October 3rd. , ... and Shelton City Emergency Manager, as well as the Connecticut Long Term Care ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the ... business to advocate for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New ... the globe, and reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/22/2017)...  As the latest Obamacare repeal effort moves is ... (R-LA) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) medical device ... industry is in an odd place.  The industry wants ... tax on medical device sales passed along with the ... increased visits and hospital customers with the funding to ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... , Sept. 18, 2017  PMD Healthcare of ... Pharmacy of Kalamazoo, Mich. , have ... service that expedites and streamlines patient and provider access ... 2.0, and wellness management services.  ... used to measure lung function for a variety of ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... MOUNTAIN LAKES, N.J. , Sept. 12, 2017  Consumer reviews ... Embrace Hearing as the number one company for hearing ... Oticon™, ReSound™ and fifteen other brands. ... Embrace Hearing Named #1 by Consumers For Hearing Aids ... Embrace Hearing is an online store that ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: