Navigation Links
Genes and timing of menopause
Date:1/23/2012

An international team of researchers has discovered 13 new regions of the genome associated with the timing of menopause. These genes shed light on the biological pathways involved in reproductive lifespan and will provide insights into conditions connected to menopause, such as breast cancer and heart disease.

Menopause is a major hormonal change that affects most women when they are in their early 50s. The timing of menopause can have a huge impact on fertility, as well as influencing the risk of a range of common diseases such as breast cancer. It has been known for some time that genetic factors influenced the onset of menopause, however until recently very few genes had been identified.

In the new study, published in the journal Nature Genetics on 22 January 2012, Dr Anna Murray, University of Exeter, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry (PCMD) Dr John Perry, PCMD and WTCHG, University of Oxford, and dozens of international collaborators, examined the genomes of over 50,000 women. They identified 13 novel gene regions associated with menopause onset, and confirmed four previously identified. Most of the 17 regions include genes related to DNA damage/repair or the immune system, whilst others are linked to hormonal regulation.

Dr Perry said: "The new findings highlight biological pathways not previously associated with reproductive lifespan, and may provide insights into the other conditions connected with menopause age, such as cardiovascular disease and breast cancer."

The association with breast cancer is related to the length of time a woman menstruates in total and is thought to be related to oestrogen exposure over a lifetime - in fact earlier menopause is protective for breast cancer. Cardiovascular risk is increased in post-menopausal women compared to pre-menopausal and reduced oestrogen is thought to be a key component of this increased risk. Genetic studies will be beneficial in working out exactly what the relationships are between these conditions.

Dr. Murray added: "Menopause is a process most women go through, yet we know very little about what governs the timing of this key event in a woman's life. By finding out which genes control the timing of menopause we hope to be able understand why this happens very early to some women, reducing their chances of having children naturally."

The authors said they expected further research will identify additional genes, and also assess the impact of these genetic regions on related reproductive disorders. The research team are currently investigating women who had very early menopause, before 45 years, to determine whether the new menopause genes play a role in this clinically important condition which affects over five per cent of women.

Besides Dr Murray and Dr Perry, senior authors on the study include Professor Kathryn Lunetta and Dr Joanne Murabito at the Boston University schools of Public Health and Medicine, and Jenny A. Visser, a scientist at Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam (Netherlands).


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Gould
andrew.gould@pcmd.ac.uk
44-139-268-6107
The Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Inflammatory mediator promotes colorectal cancer by stifling protective genes
2. Your Taste for Fat May Reside in Your Genes
3. Tracking genes remote controls
4. Most Parents Tell Kids About Test Results for Breast Cancer Genes
5. Most parents who get tested for breast cancer genes share results with their children
6. Positive feedback and tumorigenesis
7. New book on angiogenesis from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
8. Researchers discover patterns of genes associated with timing of breast cancer recurrences
9. Genes modify the risk of liver disease among alcoholics
10. More Evidence Links Specific Genes to ADHD
11. Genes May Make Quitting Tougher for Smokers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... For Coast Dental dentist Everet Lake, DDS, ... dental assistant Terrell Moore shortly before 7 a.m. to volunteer at Friday’s Dentistry from ... their time and skills to help hundreds of uninsured and underinsured people receive much-needed ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... a world of exterior design possibilities. CertainTeed, North America’s leading brand of building ... expanding the product offerings showcased in the mobile version of the ColorView® Exterior ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The aging ... field of long term care. With that, says Patrick Loughney, president of ... administrative roles in long term care environments. His company, which offers prep courses ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Dignity Health named Dr. Scott Bingham the Facility Medical Director of the new ... under Dignity Health Arizona General Hospital , which opened last year in the ... new freestanding emergency room delivers the highest quality care to Mesa and the surrounding ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... participated in the American Osteopathic Association’s (AOA) Match Program Tuesday, February 9, taking ... Program places students into osteopathic graduate medical education positions across the country. Of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... Feb. 12, 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: ... the Company will ring the Nasdaq Closing Bell at ... York at 4:00 p.m. ET on Tuesday, ... Adrian Adams , will perform the ... to 4:00 p.m. ET.  A live webcast will be ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... February 12, 2016 ... auf den ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf bei Lungen- ... seines klinischen Forschungsprogramms bekannt. Das Programm, das ... Verbesserungen ihrer respiratorischen Funktionen und anderer klinischer ... ein Medizintechnikunternehmen, das sich auf den ungedeckten ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Stem cells are primitive cells found in all multi-cellular ... to differentiate into mature cell types Stem cells are ... embryonic stem cells were derived from embryos in 1981, ... culturing of embryonic stem cells from non-human primates occurred ... As a result of these discoveries, stem cells can ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: